2018, Volume 12, Issue 1 (Volume 12, Issue 1, January-July 2018)

The efficiency increase of the nutrition element uptake by various potato cultivars grown in one-crop system and in crop rotation
S. Vakhnyi, V. Khakhula, Y. Fedoruk, T. Panchenko, L. Herasymenko

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Abstract

The research conducted in 2012-2015 in the forest-steppe zone of Ukraine proved the feasibility to increase crop capacity and the efficiency of nutrient uptake from fertilizers by various potato cultivars when grown in short-term crop rotation in comparison with one-crop system. Short-term crop rotation with the following crop alternation was suggested: field 1 – barley; field 2 – potato; field 3 – vegetable crops. The introduction of this crop rotation allows to increase potato crop capacity by 43 cwt/ha or by 17.3%. Green manure proved to be an alternative of manure. The use of siderate intermediary crops (oil-bearing radish, white mustard and also oat seed, spring wheat) makes it possible to get 165-273 cwt/ha of biomass due to plant vegetative organs and root system. When siderate biomass is embedded, 63-102 kg of nitrogen, 15-31 kg of phosphorus, 67-108 kg of potassium enter the soil, which is equivalent to 15-25 t/ha of manure, and additional application of mineral fertilizers N45P45K45 with them is close in its efficiency to 40 t/ha of manure. The yield increase resulted from green manure application was 16–20% on the average, as compared with the unfertilized plots. When siderates with mineral fertilizers are embedded at a mentioned rate the yield capacity increases by 34–42%. Also the nutrition element uptake from the soil and fertilizers increases (manure, siderates, mineral fertilizers) as well as the coefficient of the use of nutrient substances. The response of the cultivars to the application of organic and mineral fertilizers was determined; the advantage of Shchedryk cultivar over Riviera cultivar was identified.

Keywords: potato, mineral fertilizers, manure, siderates, crop rotation, single-crop

Citation: Vakhnyi S, Khakhula V, Fedoruk Y, Panchenko T, Herasymenko L. The efficiency increase of the nutrition element uptake by various potato cultivars grown in one-crop system and in crop rotation. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):1-7.

Effect of nanocarbon and yeast suspension on some vegetative growth and yield characters of Vinga unguiculatal under salt water stress
Intedhar Abbas Marhoon, Walaa Yas Lahmood, Samah Saleh

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Abstract

The experiment was conducted during the agricultural season 2016-2017 with the aim of studying the effect of salinity with a concentration of 3% and nanocarbon compounds (0, 0.5, 1) g/L and yeast suspension with concentration (0.3, 6) g/L and their interactions in some characteristics of vegetative growth and yield and its Components in Vinga unguiculatal. The results showed that the use of salinity with a concentration of 3% caused a moral decreased in the studied characteristics. While the spraying of the nano-carbon spray and yeast suspension led to significant increase in vegetative growth characters which included (vegetation length, number of branch, leaf area, number of leaves and Shoot dry weight) and the quantitative and qualitative characters yield Included (number of pods, weight of pods, Plant yield, protein and carbohydrate ratio in seeds). For the interaction, the combination of the nanocarbon at 1 g/L with salt-irrigated plants with a concentration of 3% recorded higher values in the studied characteristics in comparison with control.

Keywords: nanocarbon, yeast suspension, salinity, plant yield,leaf area, carbohydrate ratio

Citation: Marhoon IA, Lahmood WY, Saleh S. Effect of nanocarbon and yeast suspension on some vegetative growth and yield characters of Vinga unguiculatal under salt water stress. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):9-12.

Studying the morphological properties, nutrients, and allicin content of Iranian Taree accessions (Allium ampeloprasum Taree group)
Mohammad Javad Shakouri, Mohammad Reza Hassandokht, Sepideh Kalateh Jari, Kambiz Larijani, Faezeh Ghanati

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Abstract

Iranian Taree (Alliumampeloprasum Taree group) is an endemic plant of Iran, belonging to Alliaceae family, and is cultivated as a kind of vegetable with high medicinal and nutritional values. In order to investigate the morphological characteristics, nutrients, and amount of allicin, an experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with three replications. For this purpose, 12 accessions of Iranian Taree were selected. The results showed that the highest amount of allicin (4.27 mg/g DW) was obtained in Ghazvin accession, whereas the lowest amount of allicin (42.03 mg/g DW) was obtained from Varamin accession. The latest flowering stem belonged to Qazvin accession in July, and the earliest appearance was found in Varamin accession in May. Also, Sari and Shadegan accessions had the highest and lowest leaf length as 26.33 and 10 cm, respectively. The highest amount of dry matter percentage belonged to Isfahan accession with 15.592, whereas the lowest value was related to Semnan accession with 9.989. Moreover, the highest (0. 533%) and lowest (0.073%) nitrogen was observed in Isfahan and Semnan accessions, respectively. The highest and the lowest percentages of P (0.55, 0.183%) and K (7.7, 5.38%) were observed in the Abadan and Semnan accessions, respectively. Furthermore, the greatest S percentage (9.933%) belonged to Arak, whereas the lowest amount (3.867%) was obtained in Sari accessions. This research is important due to the identification of the Iranian Taree with desirable traits for the introducing, planning and conducting crossings for superior hybrids.

Keywords: Iranian Taree, allicin, nutrients, morphological properties

Citation: Shakouri MJ, Hassandokht MR, Jari SK, Larijani K, Ghanati F. Studying the morphological properties, nutrients, and allicin content of Iranian Taree accessions (Allium ampeloprasum Taree group). Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):13-8.

Molecular detection of Toxoplasma gondii and Cryptosporidium spp. of some snakes in AL-Diwaniyah province/Iraq
Sadiya Aziz Anah, Hadi M. Hamza Al-Mayali

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Abstract

The Molecular Study, used for the first time in Iraq to detect zoonosis parasites between snakes and humans, included two species of parasites: Toxoplasma gondii and Cryptosporidium spp., the conventional polymerase chain reaction technique was used to investigate the gene 18S rRNA(382bp)for Toxoplasma gondii in the snake tissue of the liver, heart, kidney and brain , 5 samples gave positive result With a total infection rate %16.66 included 3(%60) samples of the E. jaculus and one sample(%20) of P. ventromaculatus and one sample(%20) of M. monspessulana respectively, and the highest percentage of the presence of the gene was recorded in liver of snakes(%80), and the percentage of the lowest in brain %20 The presence of the gene was not recorded in both the heart and the kidney. Cryptosporidium parasite where the conventional polymerase chain reaction technique was used as a first step to investigate the SSU rRNA(298bp) gene for the differentiation species of parasites and the DNA sequencer technique, The same gene was used to analyze the evolutionary tree of local isolators that represented C.parvum and (MEGA 6) to determine the ratios of convergence between local isolators and International isolators recorded at the International Gene Bank (NCBI). The results of the analysis of the genetic tree of local isolators showed three common ancestors of the genetic groups with the International isolators registered at the International Gene Bank. The samples recorded in NCBI under accession number MG878886, MG878885, MG878884, MG878437, MG878399, MG888048 & MG888047.

Keywords: Snake, Reptile, Toxoplasma gondii, Cryptosporidium spp., Iraq

Citation: Anah SA, Al-Mayali HMH. Molecular detection of Toxoplasma gondii and Cryptosporidium spp. of some snakes in AL-Diwaniyah province/Iraq. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):19-26.

Geotechnical assessment of soil in the site of Sawa Lake Southern Iraq
Khalid Waleed Hadi

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Abstract

Geotechnical Properties of soil in the site of Sawa lake had been studied. Research methods included field, laboratory and office works the results of field and laboratory tests show high variations of soil properties in vertical and horizontal directions. The chemical tests show high percentages of gypsum and total soluble salts in the soil samples and the values of allowable bearing capacity of soil differentiated in the different boreholes for shallow and deep foundations and values of internal friction angle range between (5°-25°) and cohesion between (5-91 kN/m2).

Keywords: soil, bearing capacity, gypsum, deep foundations

Citation: Hadi KW. Geotechnical assessment of soil in the site of Sawa Lake Southern Iraq. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):27-33.

The effect of KNO3 on oxidative stress, kidney function and liver enzymes and protective and prophylactic roles of GSH in male rats
Ali Noory Fajer, Yusra S. Abd-Al-Saheeb, Ahssan Ali Lefta

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Abstract

KNO3 of one of food additive, which is widely used in fish and meat as well as with desserts and others. The current study was conducted to verify the effects of different doses of the (350 mg/kg) and GSH (100 g/kg) on some calibrated physiological: (MDA, urea, creatinine, AST and ALT).The experiment included 30 male rats were divided into five equal groups (six animals in each group). The results of the present study recorded, there are a significant increase in (MDA, urea, creatinine, AST and ALT) in group (G3) compared with G1 group. In the same time There are a significant decrease in the MDA, urea, creatinine, AST and ALT in the groups that treated with GSH (G4 and G5).

Keywords: KNO3, GSH, MDA, Urea, Creatine, AST, ALT

Citation: Fajer AN, Abd-Al-Saheeb YS, Lefta AA. The effect of KNO3 on oxidative stress, kidney function and liver enzymes and protective and prophylactic roles of GSH in male rats. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):35-8.

Effect of salicylic acid and potassium sulfate on the primary bud necrosis and fruit set of the following year of Askari grapevine
Jahanshir Ahmadi, Bahram Abedy, Mahmood Shoor, Saeid Eshghi, Reza Amiri Fahliani

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Abstract

Grape cv. Askari is one of the dominant cultivars of the city of Dena, which is affected by freezing temperatures of the winter every year. In order to study the primary bud necrosis and fruit set of the following year, the present research was carried out in one of the vineyards of Dena County in a two-factor factorial experiment based on a completely randomized block design with three replications and two vines per plot. In this experiment, salicylic acid (0, 150, 300 and 450 mg/l) and potassium sulfate (0, 1 and 2%) were used as spraying in one phase. Bud sampling was performed in three stages, and the primary bud necrosis percentage was recorded in each stage. Salicylic acid at 300 mg/l and interaction of 450 mg/l salicylic acid and 2% potassium sulfate had the highest effect on the reduction of primary bud necrosis of grape at 5% level, and the rest of the treatments did not have any significant effect on the primary bud necrosis percentage. The lowest mortality percentage of primary buds was observed in the second stage of sampling at 5% level. The results of variance analysis showed that the interaction of salicylic acid and potassium sulfate at 5% level had a significant effect on fruit diameter, and the remaining treatments showed no significant effect on the trait. Means comparison of fruit diameter showed that the interaction of salicylic acid at 150 mg/l and 2% potassium sulfate had the highest effect on the diameter of berry, and increasing the percentage of potassium sulfate increased the diameter of berry. Salicylic acid and potassium sulfate treatments had no significant effect on average length, berry weight, pH, TA, TSS and percentage of berry set.

Keywords: bud mortality, diameter, weight, TSS, pH, TA, percentage of berry set

Citation: Ahmadi J, Abedy B, Shoor M, Eshghi S, Fahliani RA. Effect of salicylic acid and potassium sulfate on the primary bud necrosis and fruit set of the following year of Askari grapevine. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):39-47.

The habitat of pike-perch in the changed conditions of the Dagestan Coast
D. A. Ustarbekova

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Abstract

Depending on the season of the year, changes in the structures that perform mechanical and secretory functions, as well as in the number of cambial cells, are observed in the digestive tract. It was revealed that the total average number of vertebrae and stamens on the first gill arch of an ordinary pike perch over the past century has a clear tendency to decrease. For the first time, of the 35 craniometric features considered relative to the length of the base of the skull of an ordinary pike perch in the investigated areas, a significant difference was noted in 7 characters.

Keywords: common pikeperch, ecology, morphology, craniology, nutrition, microstructure of the intestine, the Caspian Sea

Citation: Ustarbekova DA. The habitat of pike-perch in the changed conditions of the Dagestan Coast. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):49-54.

Physiological-biochemical criteria of the apple-tree resistance to the summer period abiotic stresses
Natalia I. Nenko, Galina K. Kisileva, Elena V. Ulianovskaya, Elena K. Yablonskaya, Alla V. Karavaeva

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Abstract

In the North-Caucasus region of the Russian Federation, where the draught is a frequent phenomenon, the apple-tree is among the most important horticultural crops. The physiological-biochemical research is necessary for impartial assessment of the apple-tree varieties’ adaptation tolerance to the summer period stressors, summer draught in particular. The objective of the present paper – based on the physiological-biochemical and leaf anatomic parameters – is to study the peculiarities of water status, apple-tree photosynthetic activity in the terms of summer period, single out the most drought-resistant varieties to cultivate in conditions of the North-Caucasus region of the Russian Federation. The research was undertaken in 2011-2013 on the basis of Pilot production farm “Centralnoye” in Krasnodar city on 9 apple-tree varieties, varying in ecological-geographic origin (USA, Poland, Russia) and ploidy (di- and triploid). It was shown that water content of the leaf tissues, an indicator of bound and free water form relation, was a function of the variety and meteorological condition peculiarities. Prikubanskoye, Fortuna, Soyuz, Rodnichok varieties showed the decrease in water content by 1-4 percent on average and the highest indicators of bound and free water form relation. The linear parameters of leaf depended on variety pertainance and hydrothermic conditions of year within a vegetation period. In Prikubanskoye, Fortuna, Soyuz, Rodnichok varieties the direct correlation was found out between the area of leaf blade and available water supply (r = + 0.98), negative one – between the area and air temperature (r = - 0.99). The water and temperature regimes have an impact on the crop productivity, as well as on setting the fruit buds, that was confirmed by the coefficient of pair correlation between chlorophylls totality and crop productivity (r = +0.87), water content of tissues and setting the fruit buds (r = +0.97). The chlorophylls totality content of Prikubanskoye, Fortuna, Soyuz, Rodnichok varieties was more stable within the summer period, and indicator of the chlorophylls totality and carotinoids relation was the highest one. The positive correlation was revealed between the carotinoids content and air temperature (r = +0.91). The anatomomorphological structure of leaf has the variety peculiarities, it depended on temperature and available water supply. In the year 2012 the varieties displayed to different extent the xeromorphous signs of leaf blade, responsible for the draught resistance, the largest values of palisade index were noted in Prikubanskoye, Fortuna, Soyuz, Rodnichok (1.47-1.49) varieties. The obtained results were in agreement with the field data, obtained in the non-irrigated gardens. The varieties displayed the different peculiarities of suffering the stress factors of summer period – the high temperatures and draught. In Idared, Erli Mac, Dayton, Ligol varieties the steadiness of passive suffering the draught – the decrease in water content, high content of dry matter, lesser leaf area. In the rest of varieties – the retention of high water content, stability of the growth processes, high content of pigments. The home-selected apple-tree varieties, such as Prikubanskoye, Fortuna, Soyuz, Rodnichok, feature the higher ecological plasticity and reserve of potential adaptation abilities, as compared with the introduced varieties of foreign selection. The revealed adaptation peculiarities permit to use them in selection process as the sources of drought resistance. The applied methods provide the impartial assessment of the apple-tree draught resistance and may be used in selection process.

Keywords: apple tree, adaptation, drought resistance, heat resistance, proline, carotinoids, chlorophyll

Citation: Nenko NI, Kisileva GK, Ulianovskaya EV, Yablonskaya EK, Karavaeva AV. Physiological-biochemical criteria of the apple-tree resistance to the summer period abiotic stresses. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):55-61.

The comparison of cardiac CT findings with echocardiography on left heart function in patients with coronary artery disease
Marzieh Motevalli, Amir Valizadeh, Ali Mohammadzadeh, Ali Nahardani

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Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of death in the world. The most important risk factors for these diseases include high blood cholesterol, high blood fat, cigarette smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity and inactivity, which, over time, cause shortness of breathing (dyspnea) in these arteries leading disruption in blood flow to the heart muscle. Usually diagnostic tests of CT angiography and echocardiography are used to diagnose cardiovascular disease. This cross sectional descriptive study was performed to compare cardiac CT findings with echocardiography on left heart function in 29 patients with coronary artery disease. Patients are selected by cardiologist and underwent echocardiography in an emergency unit and then subjected to CT angiography, and then the left ventricular function indexes were measured and compared in both methods. The most important findings in this study were that in the EF parameter, the obtained mean was higher than the CT angiography method (56.82), in the ESV parameter, the results also showed that the mean value obtained by the angiography method was higher (50 / 55). Finally, in the EDV parameter, the mean value obtained by the angiographic method was higher (117/11). According to the results of this study, two methods of CT angiography and echocardiography on left heart function in the studied areas include ESV, EF, and EDV have a high correlation, and these two methods can be used in each other. However, since the CT angiography is faster, and in order to reduce the cost of patients, according to the results of the present study and previous studies, which we will continue to review, the echocardiography can be replaced by the CT angiography to examine the left heart function in patients with coronary artery disease.

Keywords: cardiovascular diseases, coronary artery syndrome, echocardiography, CT angiography

Citation: Motevalli M, Valizadeh A, Mohammadzadeh A, Nahardani A. The comparison of cardiac CT findings with echocardiography on left heart function in patients with coronary artery disease. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):63-8.

Morphometric parameters of a three-year-old pikeperch (Stizostedion lucioperca) grown in pond farming in the Almaty region in a polyculture with carp and herbivorous fish
Saya Koishybaeva, Shokhan Alpeisov, Saule Assylbekova, Tynysbek Barakbayev

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Abstract

The article presents the data of fish - biological indicators for three-year-old pikeperch grown in ponds of fish farm in Almaty region in polyculture with two-year-old carp and white cupid. The data of statistical analysis of the parameters of the final values ​​of mass, length of the body to the end of the middle rays of the caudal fin, the zoological length of the three-year-old pikeperch, grown in ponds in the polyculture with carp and white cupid are presented. The material on the ratio of weight and size groups of pikeperch three-year-olds grown in ponds is presented. The conclusions are given, in which the results of the analysis of fish productivity data for pikeperch are presented, and the characteristics of the pikeperch planting material used. The favorable influence of technological factors on the growth of three-year-old pikeperch in ponds of carp fish farms is shown.

Keywords: pikeperch, three-year-olds, cultivation in ponds, polyculture, fish-biological indicators, mass of body, fishing length, statistical analysis

Citation: Koishybaeva S, Alpeisov S, Assylbekova S, Barakbayev T. Morphometric parameters of a three-year-old pikeperch (Stizostedion lucioperca) grown in pond farming in the Almaty region in a polyculture with carp and herbivorous fish. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):69-75.

Formation of the seed layer from the organomineral mixture during the Seed pelleting of coniferous tree species
V. Yu. Ostroshenko, R. Yu. Akimov, S. V. Gamaeva, S. V. Inshakov, V. V. Ostroshenko, L. Yu. Ostroshenko, S. V. Zamyshlyaev

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Abstract

The seed pelleting is one of the most perspective way of the presowing processing of seeds. It covers seeds with a shell of organomineral materials, polymer binders and target additives and helps to smooth their surface, provide seedlings in the early phases of development with the necessary elements of mineral nutrition, protecting them from pests and diseases. At present, this technique is used in agriculture for seeding small seeds. The studies presented in this article are aimed at optimizing the technological process of seed pelleting of coniferous tree species, namely, Scots pine (Pinus silvestris L.) and Korean pine cedar (Pinus koraiensis Siebold et Zucc.). Experimental studies were performed using an electromechanical seed drazhirator. The organomineral mixture was used in a ratio of 0.48 kg per 1 kg of seeds. At the end of the process, the bonding strength of the filler to the seeds was determined. The dynamics of formation of the layer thickness was determined on the cross sections of the treated seeds using an optical microscope. As a result, the dependence of the thickness of the layer on the time and repetition of the seed pelleting was established. The article presents diagrams of experimental information with its subsequent equalization by a theoretical law having a high agreement on a given time interval. The thickness of the first layer formed around the seeds of Scotch pine was 0,3 mm - 0,4 mm and Korean pine cedar - 0,5 - 0,7 mm. The seeder does not destroy this shell. When increasing the coating layer for 1 stage, the optimum thickness is reached within 7-8 minutes. When it is planned to increase the thickness of the layer, the draining process is expediently divided into 2 stages. The time of pelleting at stage 1 is 2 minutes, on the second - 6 minutes. When the thickness of the limiting layer is reached and the pelleting is continued, it is possible to reduce time.

Keywords: seed pelleting, covering (pelleting) layer, seeds, Scotch pine, Korean pine cedar

Citation: Ostroshenko VY, Akimov RY, Gamaeva SV, Inshakov SV, Ostroshenko VV, Ostroshenko LY, et al. Formation of the seed layer from the organomineral mixture during the Seed pelleting of coniferous tree species. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):77-82.

The roles of milking motives in cows’ milk discharging
Ivan N. Krasnov, Aleksandra Yu. Krasnova, Valentina V. Miroshnikova

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Abstract

The probability of raising milk discharge for cows during early hours after milking under affection of the milking problems exceeding threshold limits of nervous impulses sensitivity that can motivate more emission in blood of the hormones intensifying metabolism and milk discharging procedure in an animal organism is made. Finding this order enables to offer a scientific description to different efficiency of milking cows by hand and by milking machines. It offers a new scientific way in enhancing and improving milking equipment which milking has to be done by doing severe massage of nipples and an udder. This will enable scientists to explain the major ways of better controlling lactation function of an animal, so milk increase yield, we find out milking motives are important, explanation of ways and frequency of milking, improving of the automatic milking systems of animals with deteriorating milking problems.

Keywords: milking, milking machines, milking irritations, milk secretion, milk secretion process, milking incentives, lactation, automatic milking

Citation: Krasnov IN, Krasnova AY, Miroshnikova VV. The roles of milking motives in cows’ milk discharging. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):83-7.

Fee-based services in pediatrics
Vadim Kuzmich Iurev, Vera Vasilievna Sokolova

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In order to study the prevalence, structure and procedure of providing fee-based services to children we have carried out anonymous questioning of parents in medical organizations of Saint Petersburg. Despite the fact that they have medical insurance, 38.7% of parents in children’s out-patient clinics have paid for consultations of specialized doctors, for laboratory and instrumental examinations. At a hospital 29.6% of parents were forced to pay for medications, lab tests, medical consultations of highly specialized doctors. The procedure of provision and payment for the medical services is often violated. We have noticed low legal activity of parents in acquiring knowledge about the rights of the child in the field of health protection. The main reasons for parents to choose the fee-based medical services were lack of an affordable free-of-charge alternative and shorter waiting time.

Keywords: fee-based medical services, children, children’s out-patient clinic, children’s hospital, opinion of parents, satisfaction with the quality of care, questioning

Citation: Iurev VK, Sokolova VV. Fee-based services in pediatrics. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):89-3.

Application of prospective approach of healthcare failure mode and effect analysis in the risk assessment of healthcare systems
Yasamin Molavi Taleghani, Marjan Vejdani, Sheida Vahidi, Fereshteh Ghorat, Ahmad Reza Raeisi

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Abstract

Background: Health care failure mode and effect analysis is a prospective and systemic approach for identifying failure modes and preventing them before their occurrence, which is used extensively in healthcare. The present study was conducted aiming at the investigation of the application of the prospective approach of healthcare failure mode and effect analysis in the risk assessment of healthcare systems.
Methods: In this narrative systematic review, a search was carried out in english data bases (web of knowledge, PubMed, Scopus, Ovid, Proquest, Science direct) and Persian data bases (SID, Magiran and Iranmedex) using keywords such as risk assessment, proactive risk, health failure mode and effect analysis, health care, patient safety, without no time limits.
Results: A total of 620 studies were identified in our searching which of them 24 studies were included. According to the investigation, in applying the steps of HFMEA several methods and various tools such as “Voting method using rating”, “Activity breakdown structure”, “Triangular method”, “Scorecard”, “Set forms”, “ Intervention levels matrix “, “Classification of failure modes”, “Classification of root causes of errors”, “Five why method”, “Fault tree” and “Theory of inventive problem solving method” have been used in order to increase the reliability of HFMEA method and reduce the effects of its restrictions.
Conclusion: HFMEA is considered an effect tool for risk assessment. However, there are methodological challenges in validity of the HFMEA model. Applying and combining other methods and tools other than the team’s experience and knowledge in the stages and steps of HFMEA, it is possible to enhance the validity of the method.

Keywords: risk assessment, prospective risk, HFMEA, patient safety

Citation: Taleghani YM, Vejdani M, Vahidi S, Ghorat F, Raeisi AR. Application of prospective approach of healthcare failure mode and effect analysis in the risk assessment of healthcare systems. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):95-104.

The fauna and nature of birds stay of residential landscapes of northern part of Central Asia
Svetlana L. Sandakova, Dolaana K-O. Kuksina, Ariyana T-O. Saaya, Olga A. Matveeva, Shonchalay S. Seveley, Aleksandr A. Toushkin, Аlia F. Toushkinа, Inna S. Tarazanova

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The article summarizes the results of research on the fauna and population of birds, settlements at the junction of two subcontinents of Eurasia and natural areas - the steppe and taiga. The species and ecological structure of the avifauna of settlement locations in the northern part of Central Asia has clearly defined landscape and geographic features. A positive correlation between the size of populated areas and the systematic and ecological diversity of ornithocomplexes has been observed. It is established that exogenous factors (adjacent to the populated point of the ecosystem), supporting the influence on the composition of episodic species, as well as intra-uterine landscapes. Despite the regional-local features of the avifauna of the residential landscapes, its general features can be clearly seen in vast spaces, including even several continents. This is the presence of specific species, such as blue and rock pigeons, house and field sparrows, village and city swallows, white wagtail and some other species. Apparently, settlements as a specific habitat for animals contribute to the formation of characteristic for this type of landscapes of the animal world. Therefore, populated areas by their characteristics can be considered as an analog of intrazonal ecosystems with all the features.

Keywords: birds, avifauna, bird population, human settlements ecosystems, biotopes, natural and man-made landscapes, synantropization

Citation: Sandakova SL, Kuksina DK, Saaya AT, Matveeva OA, Seveley SS, Toushkin AA, et al. The fauna and nature of birds stay of residential landscapes of northern part of Central Asia. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):105-12.

Assessing soil suitability for gardening in the north of the central black earth region using degradation data
Vyacheslav L. Zakharov, Tat’jana V. Zubkova

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This article assesses changes that occurred in agrochemical and physical parameters of soil, as well as soil fertility changes under apple tree monoculture. Garden soil fatigue and formation processes were considered through the “lens” of soil types, which relative resistance values against agrotechnics were determined. Soil profile of the apple orchard was found to contain areas of overconsolidated, acidic soils and soils with abnormal nutrient/moisture content. Apple growing process was linked to the bonitet score of specific soil type. Soil factors inhibiting the growth of apple trees were outlined for different rootstocks. This article reveals the effect of soil types on the biochemical composition of apple tree shoots and fruit. Meadow chernozems and gray forest soils under weak apple monoculture gets tired at the age of 16-18, while leached, typical and podzolized chernozems – at age of 20-24. Potentially, the last three items are highly resistant to degradation processes. Leached and typical chernozems are less susceptible to dehumification, while podzolized chernozems – to acidification. Typical chernozem was identified as the best type of soil for apple tree varieties to grow on weak growth rootstock 62-396. If it is not available, leached chernozem can be used. Apple rootstock 54-118 will produce well if planted in leached and podzolized chernozems. Meadow heavily leached chernozems formed on above-floodplain terraces and typical chernozems will also do well, if the above two types of soil are not in the area. Apple trees on seedling rootstocks will grow better if planted in dark gray forest soils and podzolized chernozems. Sod-podzolic soils are less suitable, but still can be used. If these types of soil are not available, one can use leached and meadow chernozems.

Keywords: soil types, soil degradation, agrochemical soil properties, soil fertility, humus

Citation: Zakharov VL, Zubkova TV. Assessing soil suitability for gardening in the north of the central black earth region using degradation data. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):113-20.

Cultivation technology and its effect on productivity, botanical composition and nutritive value of herbage mixtures intended for grazing
Valentina V. Osipova, Nikolay E. Pavlov, Marianna I. Petrova, Anna G. Cherkashina, Agafya Z. Platonova

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Abstract

The prospects of creating adaptive self-regulating herbage mixtures and their longevity in the context of different methods of use were studied at the sites with cryogenic pale-yellow soil in Yakutia (Sakha Republic).We have used a six-component grass-legume mixture. Research results have showed that grass-legume mixtures intended for grazing provide high yields of feed crops (7.75 tons per year on average) at late sowing dates and the cutting height of 5 cm. The share of alfalfa in herbage mixtures is 61%. In pure batches of alfalfa and sweet clover, the maximum content of crude protein was 23.89% and 23.5%, fat content – 3.86% and 3.38%, respectively. In the pasture coenosis, organic matter content is the highest (up to 4.37%) at the cutting depth of 0-10 cm and 10-20 cm regardless the sowing period.

Keywords: herbage mixture, pasture, yield, herbage, botanical composition

Citation: Osipova VV, Pavlov NE, Petrova MI, Cherkashina AG, Platonova AZ. Cultivation technology and its effect on productivity, botanical composition and nutritive value of herbage mixtures intended for grazing. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):121-8.

The Effect of Magnetized Water on Some Characteristics of Growth and Chemical Constituent in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)Var Hashemi
Fatemeh Babaloo, Ahmad Majd, Sedighe Arbabian, Fariba Sharifnia, Faeze Ghanati

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Abstract

Water is a diamagnetic molecule which can be affected by magnetic fields. Since water is the most important constitutive element of living cells, so all cellular biochemical reactions take place in water. Due to molecular characteristic of water, it is assumed that a part of these effects happened under magnetic field treatment. This study aimed to investigate the effects of magnetic water on some characteristics of growth and chemical constituent in rice (Oryza sativa L.). To this end rice seeds- paddy- were grown in rice fields as two experimental groups. A group of seeds were irrigated with normal water and in parallel the other group with magnetic water. Results revealed that in comparison to control plants, irrigating with magnetic water increases the growth parameters, photosynthetic pigments, Total carbohydrate and Total protein. Finally the magnetic water with intensity 110 mT- and the time taken to work on development and operation of the plants had positive effects.

Keywords: growth, magnetic water, Oryza sativa L., photosynthetic pigments, total carbohydrate, Total protein

Citation: Babaloo F, Majd A, Arbabian S, Sharifnia F, Ghanati F. The Effect of Magnetized Water on Some Characteristics of Growth and Chemical Constituent in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)Var Hashemi. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):129-37.

Aktobe Case of Photosynthetic Pigment Composition in Aspen (Populus Tremula) Leaves from Urban Area
Saira A. Aipeisova, Nurlygul A. Utarbayeva, Raila P. Amanova, Kulnar P. Amanova, Erzhan T. Kazkeev, Aigul K. Kalieva

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This article investigates how bioindication methods can be applied for monitoring and assessing the influence of man’s activities on urban environment. Bioindication is an integral method that allows assessing the state of environment and its suitability for living organisms (humans included) without a bias. The purpose of this research is to assess the state of environment in the Aktobe city by Populus tremula. Bioindication of the environmental state of the Aktobe city was first conducted with an aspen tree as an indicator in 2016-2017. It resulted in some estimates on the environmental state and proposals for organizing a multi-method research with Populus tremula L. as a rapid assessment method for anthropogenic stress.

Keywords: Populus tremula, tree leaves, chlorophyll pigment, carotenoids, pollen grain, bioindication

Citation: Aipeisova SA, Utarbayeva NA, Amanova RP, Amanova KP, Kazkeev ET, Kalieva AK. Aktobe Case of Photosynthetic Pigment Composition in Aspen (Populus Tremula) Leaves from Urban Area. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):139-41.

Use of chelated forms of microelements contained in natural food resources in feeding animals within the territory of the Amur River Region
Roini L. Sharvadze, Tamara A. Krasnoshchekova, Lyubov I. Perepelkina, Evgenia V. Tuaeva, Ketevan R. Babukhadiya, Alexander I. Gerasimovich, Victor V. Samuylo, Yuri B. Kurkov

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Abstract

The territory of the Amur Region belongs to the biogeochemical province which is poor in iodine, selenium, cobalt, iron, copper, zinc, manganese and chromium. Deficiency of these microelements in feeds leads to endemic diseases. Lately, scientists have proved that it is more effective to include the missing elements in animal rations not in the form of mineral salts, but in the form of organic compounds. In connection with this, the study of the use of local feed resources containing microelements in the organic form in feeding animals and poultry is a topical issue. Sapropels, Japan sea tangle and their derivatives, sapropelic humates and alginates of Japan sea tangle are among such natural sources within the territory of the Amur River Region. The objective of the research work was to study the influence of chelated forms of microelements, contained in sapropel humates and alginates of Japan sea tangle, on dynamics of live weight, the digestibility of nutrients and morphobiochemical composition of blood of young cattle, pigs and hens. The methodological approach in the solution of the objective stated was realized though carrying out experimental research works. The research works were carried out with use of chemical, hematological and statistical methods. The experimental research works have proved expediency and high efficiency of the use of chelated compounds of microelements, contained in sapropel humates and alginates of Japan sea tangle, in feeding young cattle, pigs and hens.

Keywords: feed rations, microelements, chelates, humates, alginates

Citation: Sharvadze RL, Krasnoshchekova TA, Perepelkina LI, Tuaeva EV, Babukhadiya KR, Gerasimovich AI, et al. Use of chelated forms of microelements contained in natural food resources in feeding animals within the territory of the Amur River Region. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):143-8.

The psychometrics of the Persian version of the “cancer fatigue scale” in Iran
Zohre Bahrami Baresari, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Ghazaleh Heydarirad, Mehdi Khabazkhoob

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Introduction: Fatigue is one of the most common, severe, and annoying symptoms in cancer patients, which may be due to the disease process and related therapies, called cancer-related fatigue. The study of fatigue and its diagnosis in cancer patients is very important. For this purpose, a variety of tools have been developed one of the most credible which iscancer fatigue scale (CFS), which evaluates fatigue specifically in cancer patients.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to translate and psychometrics of CFS in Persian.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with two parts: translation and psychometrics. After obtaining permission from the tool designer, the CFS questionnaire was translated based on Wild and colleagues’ (2005) model. Subsequently, content and formal validity were evaluated qualitatively. To assess the construct validity and reliability, 290 cancer patients eligible for inclusion in the study were entered into the study and completed the questionnaire. The construct validity was verified by confirmatory factor analysis. The reliability of the tool by internal consistency determination method was studied by calculating the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and stability reliability by test-retest method after two weeks in 30 patients with cancer by calculating the intra-class correlation coefficient.
Results: After performing the translation process, the content and formal validity of the Persian version of the CFS questionnaire was approved. The model’s three factor pattern was fitted in a confirmatory factor analysis. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the physical, affective and cognitive subscales, and whole scale was calculated 0.87, 0.74, 0.75 and 0.82, respectively. The intra-class correlation coefficient between the two performances of test, for the physical, affective, cognitive subscales, and whole scale, was 0.960, 0.903, 0.945 and 0.843 respectively.
Conclusion: The Persian version of the CFS questionnaire has a good reliability and validity and can be used to measure fatigue in cancer patients in Iranian society.

Keywords: psychometrics, Cancer Fatigue Scale, cancer-related fatigue

Citation: Baresari ZB, Abbaszadeh A, Heydarirad G, Khabazkhoob M. The psychometrics of the Persian version of the “cancer fatigue scale” in Iran. Eurasia J Biosci. 2018;12(1):149-56.