Used satellite images and GIS to study the degradation lands in the western desert upper Euphrates, Anbar Province, Iraq
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 1, pp. 665-670
  • Published Online: 15 Mar 2020
  • Article Views: 38 | Article Download: 30
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Wafur Abdulrazzaq RM. Used satellite images and GIS to study the degradation lands in the western desert upper Euphrates, Anbar Province, Iraq. Eurasia J Biosci. 2020;14(1), 665-670.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Wafur Abdulrazzaq, 2020)
Reference: Wafur Abdulrazzaq, R. M. (2020). Used satellite images and GIS to study the degradation lands in the western desert upper Euphrates, Anbar Province, Iraq. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 14(1), 665-670.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Wafur Abdulrazzaq, 2020)
Reference: Wafur Abdulrazzaq, Raad M.. "Used satellite images and GIS to study the degradation lands in the western desert upper Euphrates, Anbar Province, Iraq". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2020 14 no. 1 (2020): 665-670.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Wafur Abdulrazzaq, 2020)
Reference: Wafur Abdulrazzaq, R. M. (2020). Used satellite images and GIS to study the degradation lands in the western desert upper Euphrates, Anbar Province, Iraq. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 14(1), pp. 665-670.

MLA
In-text citation: (Wafur Abdulrazzaq, 2020)
Reference: Wafur Abdulrazzaq, Raad M. "Used satellite images and GIS to study the degradation lands in the western desert upper Euphrates, Anbar Province, Iraq". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 14, no. 1, 2020, pp. 665-670.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Wafur Abdulrazzaq RM. Used satellite images and GIS to study the degradation lands in the western desert upper Euphrates, Anbar Province, Iraq. Eurasia J Biosci. 2020;14(1):665-70.

Abstract

The study explained the state of land degradation in Western Desert, Upper Euphrates, which located in Anbar province/Iraq, assessed in relation to the productive capacity of the land, through the interpretation Land sat TM and many different satellite, and image processing by a GIS for the area, which associated with a database, and the visual and numerical interpretation of satellite images and topographic maps, various, thematic maps and many field checks. Beforehand, standards states of reference have been established in order to evaluate the various states of degradation observed. The study explained the uses of remote sensing for direct identification of degradation in the area, and study the loss of organic matter in the upper layer of soil, and how we can make classification for isolated the degradation areas from other healthy areas. The study discovered, the heavily degraded areas cover about 5% of Western Desert, Upper Euphrates, while the little or no degraded part still occupies the other area.one reason of weakly production potential agricultural is the degradation of soil in the area of study. Therefore must produce a map, for classification the areas of degradation for area of study, and published a map in future, to serve as a baseline for soil monitoring and the environment in the coming decades for all country.

References

  • Brabant P (1992) Pédologie et système d’information géographique. Cahiers Orstom, série Pédologique,27: 315-345.
  • Buday T (1980) The Regional Geology of Iraq, stratigraphy and palegeography, Volume 1.1, Dar Al-Kutib Publishing House, Univ. of Mosul, Iraq: p 445.
  • Jassim S, Karim S, Basi M, Al-Mubarak M, Munir J (1984) Final report on the Regional geological survey of Iraq.Vol.3, Stratigraphy, Manuscript, confidential report,Geological Suvey of Iraq.
  • Nodeh AA, Aghili S (2015) Clean to clean: using paper waste to produce fermentable sugar for bioethanol production. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 5(1): 51-54.
  • Oldeman R, Rkgion R, Maritime Paraitre, (1990) World map of the status of human-induced soi1 degradation. An explanatory note. UNEP, ISRIC, Wageningen, 22 p., 3 maps.
  • Onwubuya EA, Ajani EN, Nenna MG (2015) Constraints to brood and sell poultry production among farmers in Enugu State, Nigeria. Current Research in Agricultural Sciences, 2(2): 73-80.
  • Smonne Auvx (1995) Simplification d’images satellites classées en vue de leur intégration à un GIS, 4pplication à l’état de dégradation des terres au Asia s, 12. p. Actes du sylposizrrrl.
  • Wafur RM (2007) Application of GIS and Remote Sensing Techniques on Grounwater of South West Basrah, phd, thesis, Al-Rasheed College of Engineering & Science, Uni., of Technology, unpb: 40-41.
  • Wafur RM (2010) Analysis of Geomorphological Features of Zubair-Safwan Area, SE Iraq, Using Remote Sensing &GIS Techniques, 1st international conference in geomatics engineering applications, Baghdad, pub. Uni. of Technology: 207-219.
  • Wafur RM (2010) Hydrological and Landuse Study of Zubair-Safwan Area, SE Iraq, Using Remote Sensing Technique, 1st international conference in geomatics engineering applications, Baghdad, pub.Uni of Technology: p.192.
  • Wafur RM (2017) Use GIS to draw the concentration maps of the heavy metals and boron of ground water in south west Karbala Governorate/Iraq, Iraqi Journal of Science, Uni.of Baghdad 55(1): 193-201.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.