The synergistic effect of fungus filter Aspergillus terreus and aqueous extract of Fucus vesiculosus on some growth characteristics of the ocimum basilicum and its content of active substances
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 1, pp. 161-166
  • Published Online: 29 Feb 2020
  • Article Views: 84 | Article Download: 73
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Hamoody AM, Abood JN, Dheeb BI. The synergistic effect of fungus filter Aspergillus terreus and aqueous extract of Fucus vesiculosus on some growth characteristics of the ocimum basilicum and its content of active substances. Eurasia J Biosci. 2020;14(1), 161-166.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Hamoody et al., 2020)
Reference: Hamoody, A. M., Abood, J. N., & Dheeb, B. I. (2020). The synergistic effect of fungus filter Aspergillus terreus and aqueous extract of Fucus vesiculosus on some growth characteristics of the ocimum basilicum and its content of active substances. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 14(1), 161-166.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Hamoody et al., 2020)
Reference: Hamoody, Abdul-Hameed M., Jwan. N. Abood, and Batol I. Dheeb. "The synergistic effect of fungus filter Aspergillus terreus and aqueous extract of Fucus vesiculosus on some growth characteristics of the ocimum basilicum and its content of active substances". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2020 14 no. 1 (2020): 161-166.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Hamoody et al., 2020)
Reference: Hamoody, A. M., Abood, J. N., and Dheeb, B. I. (2020). The synergistic effect of fungus filter Aspergillus terreus and aqueous extract of Fucus vesiculosus on some growth characteristics of the ocimum basilicum and its content of active substances. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 14(1), pp. 161-166.

MLA
In-text citation: (Hamoody et al., 2020)
Reference: Hamoody, Abdul-Hameed M. et al. "The synergistic effect of fungus filter Aspergillus terreus and aqueous extract of Fucus vesiculosus on some growth characteristics of the ocimum basilicum and its content of active substances". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 14, no. 1, 2020, pp. 161-166.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Hamoody AM, Abood JN, Dheeb BI. The synergistic effect of fungus filter Aspergillus terreus and aqueous extract of Fucus vesiculosus on some growth characteristics of the ocimum basilicum and its content of active substances. Eurasia J Biosci. 2020;14(1):161-6.

Abstract

This study included the synergistic effect of A. terreus fungi and aqueous extract of F. vesiculosus on some growth qualities of basil plant and its content of active substances. Three concentrations of (25%, 50% and 75%) were tested. The highest values ​​of germination and plant height were at the concentration 50% (89.6%, and 19.5cm respectively). The number of plants branches, soft and dry weight was 75%. The highest value was 6.3 branches, 1.6 g and 0.73 g respectively, and the use of the mixture at a concentration of 75% was best in increasing the plant content of flavonoids, phenols, tannins, carbohydrates and lipids, with the highest value of 9.7%, 542.8 mg / 100 g and 541 mg / 100 g, 89.4% and 4.7%, respectively.

References

  • Al-Hassani M, Tahani M (1990) Medicinal plants Cultivation and components and therapeutic uses. Ibn Sina Library for Publishing & Distribution, Cairo. P119.
  • Boham AB, Kocipai AC (1994) Flavonoid and condensed tannins from Leaves of Hawaiian vaccininum vaticulum and V.calycinium’’. Pacific Sci 48: 458-463.
  • Chopra SL, Kanwar JS (1991) In Analytical Agricultural Chemistry. Kalyani Publications- New Delhi- IV: 297.
  • Dhillion SS (1994) Effect o Trichoderma harzianum ,Beijernckia mobilis and Aspergillus niger on arbuscular mycorrhizal infection and sporulation in mazie, wheat, millet, sorghum, barley and oats . eitschrift fuer Pflanzenkheiten 101(3): 272-277.
  • El-Gendy SA, Hosni AM, Ahmed SS, Omer EA, Reham MS (2001) Variation in herbage yield and oil composition of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) var. ‘Grande Verde’ grown organically in a newly reclaimed land in Egypt. Arab Univ. J. Agric. Sci 9(2): 915-933.
  • HARRIS J (2000) Medicinal and herbs plants. Arab Publishing House. Second edition: 90-100.
  • Jothinayagi N, Anbazhagan C (2009) Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizer of Sargassum wightii on the growth and biochemical characteristics of Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Medikus. Recent Research in Science and Technology 1: 155–158.
  • Kirtikar KP, Basu BD (1961) Indian Medicinal Plants. 2ndEd vol.1, International Book Distributor, India 1985: p
  • Mattila P, Hellström J (2007) Phenolic acids in potatoes, vegetables, and some of their products’’. J. Food Compost. Anal 20: 152-60.
  • Mersie W, Singh M (1987b) Allelopathic effect of Lantana on some agronomic crops and weeds. Plant and Soil 98: 25-30.
  • Michalak I, Chojnacka K, Saeid A (2017) Plant Growth Biostimulants, Dietary Feed Supplements and Cosmetics Formulated with Supercritical CO2 Algal Extracts. Molecules 22(1): 66.
  • Park Y-H, Chung JY, Ahn DJ, et al. (2015).Screening and characterization of endophytic fungi of Panax ginseng Meyer for biocontrol activity against ginseng pathogens. Biol Control 91: 71–81.
  • Priyadharsini P, Muthukumar T (2017) The root endophytic fungus Curvularia geniculate from Parthenium hysterophorus roots improves plant growth through phosphate solubilization and phytohormone production. Fungal Ecol 27: 69–77.
  • Ramya SS, Nagaraj S, Vijayanand N (2010) Biofertilizing Efficiency of Brown and Green Algae on Growth, Biochemical and Yield Parameters of Cyamopsis tetragonolaba (L.) Taub. Recent Research in Science and Technology 2(5): 45-52.
  • Sabnis TS (1986) The Flora of Punjab Plains and the Associated Hill Region. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur- 342001, India: p. 352.
  • Samurai MA (2013) Histopathological study of fucus vesiculosus and its effect on the level of thyroid hormones and antioxidants in sera of adult white rabbits. Master Thesis. College of Education, Samarra University.
  • Sangeetha V, Thevanathan R (2010) Biofertilizer Potential of Traditional and Panchagavya Amended with Seaweed Extract. The Journal of American Science 6: 61-67.
  • Seanclark M, William R, Horwarth S, Scow KM (1998) Changes in soil chemical propertiesresulting fromorganic and low-input farming practices. Agronomy 90: 190-195.
  • Sengar RMS, Bhadauria S, Sharma P (2010) The effect of cyanobacterial toxin on seed germination. Indian Journal of Scientific Research 1(2): 41-45.
  • Sharitamadari Z (2011) Study of soil blue-green algae and their effect on seed germination and plant growth of vegetable crops. Rostaniha 12(2): 101-110.
  • Small E (1997) Culinary herbs. Ottawa: National Research Council of Canada. Szabo.
  • Szabo V, Hrotko K (2009) Preliminary Results of biostimulator treatments on Crataegus and Prunus stockplants. Bulletin UASVM Horticulture 66(1): 223-228.
  • Thayumanavan B, Sadasivam S (1984) Qual Plant Foods. Hum Nutr 34: 253.
  • Yoo SJ, Shin DJ, Won HY, Song J, Sang MK (2018) Aspergillus terreus JF27 Promotes the Growth of Tomato Plants and Induces Resistance against Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato. Mycobiology 46(2): 147-153.
  • Zhang Q, Zhang J, Yang L (2014) Diversity and biocontrol potential of endophytic fungi in Brassica napus. Biol Control 72: 98–108.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.