The prolonged effect of using hormonal contraception in female patients with ischemic stroke in developing countries

Abstract

Background: Hormonal contraception is a common method used by the FP receiver in Indonesia. Usually, hormonal contraception contains progestins and/or in combination with estrogens. Estrogens known has a potential of complication such as the development of thromboembolism thereby increasing the risk of developing ischemic stroke. While in other studies, the impact of progesterone contraception on cardiovascular disease cannot yet be explained. 
Objective: This study aims to determine the characteristics of hormonal contraceptive users in ischemic stroke patients.
Method: This study used a descriptive observational study with a successive sampling of all stroke ischemic patients with a history of hormonal contraceptive users. Research variables include age, occupation, medical records, type and duration of hormonal contraceptive use, also the time that a stroke has struck after stopping contraception. Univariate or descriptive analysis is applied to the frequency distribution of this variable
Results: The highest age group was obtained from the ‘Middle Age Begins’ Patients (46-55 years) (40%) as many as 42% of respondents worked as housewives. About 40% of respondents have suffered from hypertension and also 50% have a history of hereditary hypertension. 54% of respondents used hormonal contraception for more than 5 years with the most frequent type of hormonal contraception being injection only progestin (42%) 68. stroke episodes that appear at the age of fewer than 12 years after the termination of hormonal contraception.
Conclusion: the characteristics of hormonal contraceptive users in ischemic stroke patients as follows: the majority of the age group is ‘Middle Age Begins’ (46-55 years) with most of them working as housewives, with a history of hypertension, most sufferers of hereditary disease, the highest proportion used hormonal contraception more than 5 years with most types of use injected with progesterone only, and the average respondent stopped using hormonal contraception at a low of 12 years before the occurrence of ischemic stroke.

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