The most important mechanism for raising competitiveness in the labor market is career guidance which represents a set of special measures in the framework of professional self-determination and the choice of the optimal type of employment, achieving a balance between the professional interests of a person and the needs of the labor market. Career guidance is one of the main objectives of educational institutions of all types. It is combined with the preparation of young people for work in conditions of a market economy, the formation of appropriate motivations for work in the younger generation, conscious planning and choice of professional activity and form of employment, taking account of personal interests, health status, individual characteristics and inclinations of each person, and requirements of professions and the labor market. The problem of the study presented in the paper is that the labor market has contradictions in two aspects: the first one is self-determined personnel who is capable of finding a solution in non-standard situations, the second one is the lack of readiness among contemporary adolescents to build their own professional prospects. The purpose of the study is to uncover the specifics of the organization of career guidance activities with students in educational institutions. Object of the study is career guidance activities. Subject of the study is the specifics of organizing career guidance activity with students in educational institutions. The methods used in the study comprise theoretical and empirical methods: survey, observation, analysis of the literature, statistical analysis, test “Life-meaning orientations” (the technique of LMO). Based on the results of the study, the authors of the paper disclosed the concept of career guidance, its essence, approaches, directions; specifics of organizing career guidance activity with students; innovative methods and forms of career guidance have been described; a career guidance program for young people has been designed.


  • Agadzhanova ER (2019) Peculiarities of meaningful orientations of students and their relationship with professional formation. Simbirsk Scientific Journal Vestnik, 4(38): 12-17.
  • Bezus ZN, Zhukova YP, Kuznetsova IV, Radchenko VV, Sovina KV, Kholodilova YK (2003) The path to the profession: the basics of an active position in the labor market: A textbook for high school students. Yaroslavl: Center “Resource”.
  • Bobkova AA (2012) Socio-pedagogical support of professional self-determination of gymnasium pupils. Social policy and sociology, 10(88): 170-173.
  • Butakova MM, Sokolova ON, Zaitseva NA, Larionova AA, Ignatova MN, Trufanova SN, Yakovlev AY (2020) Evolution and current development trends of the Russian federation’s higher education system. Opción, 36(Special Edition 27): 1718-1733.
  • Chistyakova SN (1997) Criteria and indicators of students’ readiness for professional self-determination. Moscow: Enlightenment.
  • Galdaev EV, Sknarina TA (2017) Some aspects of proforientation activities of the school. Education and training, 3(13): 13-15.
  • Gamezo MV (1999) Atlas of Psychology: Informational and methodological manual for the course “Human Psychology”. Moscow: Russian Pedagogical Society.
  • Goloshumova GS, Albakova ZA-M, Marchev KV, Kidinov AV, Gustova EA, Salakhova VB, Krasheninnikova NA (2019a) The interrelation of environmental and social factors and man’s mental health. Ekoloji, 28(107): 6013-6016.
  • Goloshumova GS, Ershova OV, Salakhova VB, Kidinov AV, Nalichaeva SA, Yanysheva VA (2019b) Information and educational environment of higher school as a factor of the formation of coping strategies in the structure of students’ personality (ecological and psychological aspect). EurAsian Journal of BioSciences, 13(2): 1867-1874.
  • Gurova EV (2007) Career guidance work at school: a methodological guide. Moscow: Education.
  • Klimova EK (2013) The psychology of success. Personal and professional development training: teaching aid. St.Petersburg: Rech.
  • Leontiev DA (2002) Test of Life Meaningful Orientations (LSS). Moscow: Meaning.
  • Mikhaylina IA, Solodovnikova KD (2019) Young specialists as a specific category of labor resources. Simbirsk Scientific Journal Vestnik, 3(37): 25-29.
  • Mitin SN, Shukshina LV, Bazhdanova YV, Koretskaya IA, Vasyakin BS (2017) Value and meaning attitudes as a factor of forming tolerant ethnic consciousness in the multicultural milieu of a higher education institution. Eurasian Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 12(7): 1193-1200.
  • Nasriddinova NK (2020) Theoretical aspects of the professional orientation of senior schoolers. Current problems of humanities and natural sciences, 1: 163-166.
  • Nosakov IV, Nosakova TV (2016a) Modeling the professional competence of human capital for the organization’s innovative activities. URL: http://novainfo.ru/article/7493.
  • Nosakov IV, Nosakova TV (2016b) On the difficulties of personality career guidance. URL: Https://novainfo.ru/article/7514
  • Nosakov IV, Nosakova TV (2016c) Social, psychological and pedagogical aspects of career guidance. URL: http://novainfo.ru/article/7494.
  • Parfenova YP (2013) The specifics of the organization of vocational guidance work with younger students. Young Scientist, 6(53): 719-721.
  • Pilyugina EI, Ivanova MD (2017) The relevance of career guidance work in educational institutions. Young Scientist, 15(149): 619-622.
  • Povarenkov YP (2002) Psychological content of a person’s professional development. Moscow: Publishing house “URAO”.
  • Pryazhnikova EY (2004) Games and methods for professional self-determination of senior pupils. Moscow: First September.
  • Pustovaya EN (2002) Career guidance: problems, experience, prospects. Information-methodical and didactic magazine “Image”, 2: 21-23.
  • Research of vocational orientations of school graduates (2013) URL: https://revolution.allbest.ru/pedagogics/00247335_0.html#text
  • Romanova, AV, Salakhova VB, Ganova TV, Nalichaeva SA, Nazarova LS, Dolzhenko AI (2019) Hardiness as a component for sustainable development of a person’s personality: Ecological and psychological aspect. EurAsian Journal of BioSciences, 13(2): 1833-1840.
  • Rubinstein SL (2005) “Foundations of General Psychology”. St. Petersburg: Peter.
  • Salakhova VB, Khabibullin II (2018) General scientific methodological principles. Simbirsk Scientific Journal Vestnik, 4(34): 36-42.
  • Salakhova VB, Umerkaeva SS, Ignatyev SE, Sokolovskaya IE, Nalichaeva SA, Zebnitskaya AK (2019). Informational and psychological safety of the educational environment in forming a person’s personality: current challenges and risks (ecological and psychological approach). EurAsian Journal of BioSciences, 13(2): 1797-1803.
  • Shirokova OV (2019) Efficiency of human resources of state structures: role of standardization. Personality Formation, 3(4): 103-113.
  • Shkuratko KV, Krasnikova TV (2020) Specificity of psychological and pedagogical support of proforientation of adolescents. Proceedings of the II All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference with International Participation “Psychological and Pedagogical Support of the Educational Process”, 235-243.
  • Sinyagina NYu, Artamonova EG (2019) Successful future: education priorities. Personality Formation, 3(4): 10.
  • Vygotsky LS (2003) Psychology of Child Development. Moscow: Eksmo.
  • Yakhvarova EV (2017) Proforientation as a tool for promoting youth employment (on the example of the Saratov region). Vocational guidance, 2: 128-133.
  • Yarlykova OV, Ryauzova DA (2017) Specific proforientation of teenagers. Professional orientation, 1: 245-250.
  • Zeer EF (2002) Professional and educational space of the individual. Ekaterinburg: Publishing house RGPPU.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.