Eurasian Journal of Biosciences


Abstract: To investigate the reason for tooth extraction and their correlation with age, gender and to determine the pattern of the teeth loss among pts undergo this study.
Materials and method: The study populations considered of 1610 permanent teeth were extracted in 779 males and 831 females. For each patient the age, the number of the tooth loss anatomically in the oral cavity, the cause, and gender, was recorded in his file. The files of patients in AL Mamoon dental center were recorded from the beginning of 2019 to the end of the year, and retrospectively were analyzed. The p-value less than 0.05 was considered significant and p= 0.000 considered highly significant.
Results: The major group of patients age was the group between 30-39 Ye of age N= 360 which comprises 22%. Caries related extraction N= 1141 which comprise 71.31. %, which includ the failure root canal treatment, retained root, and badly carious teeth. So it is the most common cause of tooth loss followed by periodontal diseases in 188,11. 75.% of all cases and impacted tooth in N=, 153,9.56 %., the rest include the fractures of teeth due to accident, badly positioned teeth which make 2.7%.
The upper 3rd molar in the upper and lower jaws were the most teeth extracted (N=391,24%) the second tooth is the first molar,(N=324,20%).The least tooth extracted is the canine (N=70,4%), followed by the central incisor (N=104,6%).
Conclusion: The most common causes for permanent tooth loss is still dental caries and periodontal disease in this part of population.


  • Aida J, Ando Y, A kthe r et al (2006) Reasons for permanent tooth extractions in Japan. J Epidemiol, 16: 214-219.
  • Akter R, Hassan NM, Aida J et al (2008) Risk factors for tooth loss due to caties and periodontal disease in recipients of free dental treatment in an adult population In Banglade. Sh. Oral Health Prev Dent, 6:199-207
  • Angelillo IF, Nobil CG, Pavia M (1996) Survey of reasons for extraction of permanent teeth in Italy. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 24:336-340
  • Anyanechi C Chukwuneke F (2012) Survey of the reasons of dental extraction in eastern Nigeria. Ann Med Health Sci pes ; 2:129-133
  • Basir L, Khosravi A, Montazeri E A, Ghasemzadeh O, Khataminia M, Ansarifar S (2018) Investigating the antimicrobial activity of different root canal filling pastes in deciduous teeth, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 12, 4, 177-183.
  • Caldas AF Jr (2000) Reasons for tooth extraction in a Brazilian population. Int Dent J,50: 267-269
  • Chest IG, Binnie A, Tylor MM. (2000) Reasons for tooth extraction in Scotland Dent, 28:295
  • Chrysanthakopoulos N A (2011). International Dental Journal 61:19-24
  • Chrysanthakopoulos NA. (2011) Reasons for extraction of permanent teeth in Greece:a five-year followup study. Int Dent J ;61:19-24
  • Chukwu GA, Adeleke OA, Danfillo IS, Ottoh EC (2004) Dental caries and extraction of perminant teeth in Jos, Nigeria. Afr JOral Health. ; 1:31-36
  • Da ameh D (2006) Reasons for permanent tooth exreactions in north of Afghanistan, J Dent. ;34:48-51.
  • Jovino-Silveira RC, Caldas Ade F Jr,(2005) de Souza EH et al. Primary reasons for tooth extraction in Brazelian adult population. Oral Health Prev Dent 3; 151-157
  • Lesolang RR, Matloba DP, Lalloo R (2009) Pattern and reasons for tooth extraction at the Winterveldt Clinic ;1998-2002.SADJ, 64: 214-215
  • LOe H(1990) Teeth for life:Oral disease prevention in research and practice. Int Dent J. 40:74-78
  • Miyaura K, Matsuka Y, Morita M et al (1999) Comparison of biting forces in different age and sex groups; a study of biting efficiency with mobile and non-mobile teeth. J Oral Rehabil 26:223-227.
  • Moreira CCH, Zanata FB, Antoniazzi R et al (2007) Criteria adopted by dentist to indicate the extraction of periodontally involved teeth Appl Oral Sci 15: 437-441
  • Murray H, Clarke M, Locker D et al (1997) Reasons for teeth extractions in dental practices in Ontario, Canada, according to tooth type. Int Dent J, 47:3-8
  • Murray H, Locker, Key EJ (1996) Patterns and reasons for tooth extractions in general dental practice I Ontario, Canada. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 24:196-200
  • Newman M, Carranza F. Clinucal Periodontology. 9th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Co; 2002. pp. 400, 438-439, 826-827.
  • Ogini FO. (2005)Tooth loss in sub-urban Nigerian population: causes and pattern revisited. Int Dent J ;55:17-23.
  • Ong G (1996) Periodontal reasons for teeth loss in an Asian population Clin Periodontol, 23: 307-309
  • Ong G, Yeo JF, Bhole S (1999) Reasons for examination of permanemt teeth in Jordon. Int Dent J, 49:343-346
  • Ong G, Yeo JF, Bhole S. (1996) A Survey of reasons for extraction of permanent teeth in Singapore. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 24:124-127
  • Osunde OD, Efunkoya AA, Omeje KU (2017) Reasons for loss of the permanent teeth in patients in Kano, North Western Nigeria. Journal of the west African of surgeons. 7 number 2. 2017
  • Phipps KR, Stevens VJ. (1995) Relative contribution of caries and periodontal disease in adult tooth loss for an HMO Dent Population. J Public Health Dent 55:250-252
  • Reich E Hiller KA (1993) Reasons for tooth extraction in the western state of Germany. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 21:379-383.
  • Sayegh A, Hilow H, Bedi R (2004) Pattern of tooth loss in recipient free dental treatment at the University Hospital in Amman, Jordon, J Oraj Rehabil 31: 124-130.
  • Shigli K, Hebbal M, Angadi GS (2009) Relative contribution of caries and periodontal disease in adult tooth loss among patients reporting to the Institute of dental sciences Belgium, India. Gerodontology 26:214-218.
  • Spalj S, Plancak D, Juric H et al. (2004) Reasons for extraction of permanent teeth in urban and rural population of Cratia. Coll Antropol,28: 833-839.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.