The Iraqi dominant rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) under a stomach-based histological study

Abstract

Background: The wild rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is highly present in Iraqi rural regions. Objectives: Due to no histological information regarding the histological characterization of this local rabbit, this study was conducted to identify histological characteristic features of its stomach. Materials and Methods: According to that, ten stomach tissue samples were collected from ten rabbits. These samples were tissue-section-processed, stained using Harris hematoxylin and eosin dyes, and visualized and photo-taken under a light microscope. Results: The gastric wall of the rabbit consisted of a quadric-tunic layer, in to out; mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, and serosa. The inside surface of the stomach was lined by mucosal cells that made an appearance as a tall simple columnar epithelium spread through the pits of the stomach. Moreover, the mucosa displayed three histologically distinct regions based on glandular tissue types (branch-, tubule-, and coil-like appearance) in which these glands were short in the cardiac and pyloric regions. The fundic gland region showed simple long straight branch-like tubular features and revealed mostly mucous secreting cells and less frequent parietal cells in the cardiac and pyloric glands. Furthermore, the fundic gland region consists of different kinds of cells; however, the parietal and chief cells are the highly common cells in this region. Conclusion: Characteristic regions are presents in the gastric mucosa of the rabbit with high distribution of parietal and chief cells in the fundic gland region.

References

  • Bancroft J (2013) Histochemical Techniques. 2nd ed. Histochemical Techniques. Elsevier;.
  • Cabezas S, Blas J, Marchant TA, Moreno S (2007) Physiological stress levels predict survival probabilities in wild rabbits. Horm Behav [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jul 13];51(3):313–20. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17258747/
  • Deflers H, Gandar F, Bolen G, Farnir F, Marlier D (2018) Influence of a single dose of buprenorphine on rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) gastrointestinal motility. Vet Anaesth Analg [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jul 13];45(4):510–9. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29880277/
  • DiVincenti L, Rehrig A (2017) Social Behavior of Adult Male New Zealand White Rabbits Housed in Groups or Pairs in the Laboratory. J Appl Anim Welf Sci [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jul 13];20(1):86–94. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27827538
  • DiVincenti L, Rehrig AN (2016) The social nature of european rabbits (oryctolagus cuniculus). J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jul 13];55(6):729–36. Available from: /pmc/articles/PMC5113872/?report=abstract
  • Duranthon V, Beaujean N, Brunner M, Odening KE, Santos AN, Kacskovics I, et al (2012) On the emerging role of rabbit as human disease model and the instrumental role of novel transgenic tools. Transgenic Res [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jul 13];21(4):699–713. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22382461/
  • Ferrand N, Branco M (2007) The evolutionary history of the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus): Major patterns of population differentiation and geographic expansion inferred from protein polymorphism. In: Phylogeography of Southern European Refugia: Evolutionary Perspectives on the Origins and Conservation of European Biodiversity [Internet]. Springer Netherlands; [cited 2020 Jul 13]. p. 207–35. Available from: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/1-4020-4904-8_7
  • Hansen LT, Berthelsen H (2000) The effect of environmental enrichment on the behaviour of caged rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Appl Anim Behav Sci [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jul 13];68(2):163–78. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10771324/
  • Khalel EM, Ghafi HD (2012) Anatomical and histological study of stomach in adult local rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus. Al- Mustansiriyah J Sci. 23(7):1–22.
  • Morgaz J, Navarrete R, Muñoz-Rascón P, Domínguez JM, Fernández-Sarmiento JA, Gómez-Villamandos RJ, et al (2013) Postoperative analgesic effects of dexketoprofen, buprenorphine and tramadol in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Res Vet Sci [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jul 13];95(1):278–82. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23562407
  • Parveen, S., Khattak, S. G., & Saleem, Z. (2014). Effect of Different Types of Surfectants on Zinc Efficiency in Spinach Yield. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 1(2), 45-51.
  • Püschel B, Daniel N, Bitzer E, Blum M, Renard JP, Viebahn C (2010) The rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus): A model for mammalian reproduction and early embryology. Cold Spring Harb Protoc [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jul 13];5(1). Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20150104/
  • Student PD, Benazzo A (2010) ISCRA Application form Curriculum Vitae. Mol Biol Evol [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jul 13];23(10):1–7. Available from: http://feelsynapsis.com/pg/file/read/35739/natural-selection-on-the-influenza-virus-genome
  • Swennes AG, Alworth LC, Harvey SB, Jones CA, King CS, Crowell-Davis SL (2011) Human handling promotes compliant behavior in adult laboratory rabbits. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jul 13];50(1):41–5. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21333162
  • Weaver LA, Blaze CA, Linder DE, Andrutis KA, Karas AZ (2010) A model for clinical evaluation of perioperative analgesia in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jul 13];49(6):845–51. Available from: /pmc/articles/PMC2994053/?report=abstract
  • Yamada S, Koike T, Nakagawa T, Kuniyoshi N, Ying Y, Itabe H, et al (2016) Morphological features of coronary plaques in WHHLMI rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus), an animal model for familial hypercholesterolemia. Exp Anim [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jul 13];66(2):145–57. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28025424/
  • Yang J, Pospisil R, Ray S, Milton J, Mage RG (2009) Investigations of a rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) model of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), BAFF and its receptors. PLoS One [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jul 13];4(12). Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20041151/

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.