The influence of singing method on independence in personal hygiene in pre-school children
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 1, pp. 1621-1624
  • Published Online: 29 Jun 2020
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)

Abstract

Independence in personal hygiene is essential to train children so that children can be more responsible and not dependent on others. One of the independence that can be taught to children from an early age is independence in terms of personal hygiene such as washing hands, cutting nails, washing hair, and brushing teeth. However, in reality, there are still young children who have not been able to achieve independence in terms of meeting personal hygiene needs. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of the singing method on autonomy in the personal hygiene of preschool-age children. The design of this study is Quasy Experimental. The sample in this study were 38 children and parents chosen by purposive sampling. The singing method was the independent variable in this study, and the dependent variable in this study was independence in personal hygiene. Data were collected using an observation sheet and then analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test with a significance level α <0.05 and a Mann Whitney U test with a significance level α <0.05. The results showed a change in the independence of personal hygiene behavior before and after the singing method intervention in the treatment group (p=0.001), and there were differences in the autonomy of individual hygiene behavior between the control group and treatment after the singing method (p=0.001). The singing method can significantly influence the level of independence in personal hygiene in pre-school age children.

References

  • Aydos EH, Tugrul B. (2015) Development of Personal Safety and First Aid, Hygiene-Self-care, and Nutrition Subscales in Health Education Scale for Preschool Children. Procedia-Social Behav Sci. 186: 337–343. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.04.114
  • Berliana N, Pradana E. (2016) Hubungan peran orangtua, pengaruh teman sebaya dengan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat. J Endur. 1: 75–80. https://doi.org/10.22216/jen.v1i2.984
  • Çimen Polat S (2018) Evaluation of Some Motoric Parameters of Pre-School Gymnasts and Their Relations. Pedagogical Research, 3(3): 09. https://doi.org/10.20897/pr/2664
  • Desmita D. (2009) Psikologi Perkembangan Peserta Didik. Remaja Rosdakarya.
  • Familia TP, Prioritas M. (2006) Melatih anak mandiri. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
  • Green L, Kreuter M. (1991) Applications of PRECEDE-PROCEED in community settings. Heal Promot Plan An Educ Environ Approach.
  • Green LW, Kreuter MW. (2005) Health program planning: An educational and ecological approach. McGraw-Hill Companies.
  • Hanum AN, Haryono Yuwono MP. (2016) Pengaruh bernyanyi terhadap kemampuan kognitif anak kelompok b di tk anggrek saribumi wates pringsewu lampung tahun ajaran 2015/2016.
  • Jayastri C. (2014) Pengaruh Bernyanyi Lagu Cuci Tangan Terhadap Pelaksanaan Teknik Mencuci Tangan Pada Anak Usia Prasekolah (5-6 Tahun). Coping Community Publ Nurs; 2.
  • Kemenkes RI. (2013) Riset Kesehatan Dasar. Indonesia.
  • Kurniawati L. (2019) Pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan Metode Ular Tangga dan Bernyanyi Terhadap Perilaku Personal Hygiene Pada Anak Usia Sekolah Dasar di Kecamatan Paron, Ngawi.
  • Lina ERA. (2015) Peningkatan Kemandirian Anak di Sekolah Melalui Metode Bermain Peran di Kelompok B TK PKK Prawirotaman Yogyakart. Pendidik Guru PAUD S-1; 4.
  • Mallongi A, Puspitasari A, Ikhtiar M, (2018) Analysis of risk on the incidence of scabies Personal Hygiene in Boarding School Darul Arqam Gombara Makassar. Indian J Public Heal Res Dev. 9: 227–231. https://doi.org/10.5958/0976-5506.2018.00288.7
  • Marini A, Safitri D, Muda I. (2018) Managing school based on character building in the context of religious school culture (Case in Indonesia). J Soc Stud Educ Res. 9: 274–294.
  • Nasional DP. (2009) Permendiknas nomor 58 tahun 2009. Jakarta Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional Republik Indonesia.
  • Nasution TA, Yunita R, Pasaribu AP, (2019) Effectiveness hand washing and hand rub method in reducing total bacteria colony from nurses in Medan. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 7: 3380–3383.
  • Prajawati YK, Triharini M, Asmoro CP. (2019) Meningkatkan Perilaku Cuci Tangan Melalui Metode Bernyanyi. Pediomaternal Nurs J. 3: 9–15.
  • Putri Pertiwi D, (2015) Efektifitas Penerapan Metode Bernyanyi Terhadap Perilaku Mencuci Tangan Pada Siswa Kelas 4 di SDN Pegirian 1 Surabaya.
  • Rachmayanti RD. (2013) Penggunaan media panggung boneka dalam pendidikan personal hygiene cuci tangan menggunakan sabun di air mengalir. J Promosi Kesehat. 1: 1–9.
  • Rini RP. (2012) Hubungan Antara Tingkat Pendidikan Orang Tua Dengan Tingkat Kemandirian Anak Retardasi Mental Dalam Personal Hygiene Di SDIT Negeri Colomadu.
  • Sahid J, Idrus NI, Naping H, (2019) Socio-cultural transformation through the process of internalizing values in early childhood education in makassar city (An ethnographic study of education). Indian J Public Heal Res Dev. 10: 1614–1618.
  • Sari E, Koul R, Rochanah S, (2019) How could management of school environment improve organizational citizenship behaviors for the environment? (case study at schools for specifics purposes). J Soc Stud Educ Res. 10: 46–73.
  • Savenkova I, Didukh M, Chuhueva I, Litvinenko I (2019) Chronopsychological mental development dysontogenesis prognosing in pre-school children. Electronic Journal of General Medicine, 16(2): em110. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/108595
  • Septiarani NK, Rahmayanti SD, Santoso B. (2018) Pengaruh Metode Pembelajaran Bernyanyi Terhadap Pelaksanaan Cuci Tangan Pada Anak Usia Prasekolah di ra Baiturrahim Cibeber Cimahi Tahun 2017. J Kesehat Kartika. 12: 37–47.
  • Siswanto, H. (2010). Pendidikan kesehatan anak usia dini. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Rihama.
  • Suhartini W, Hidayati RN, Wibowo HT. (2019) Pengaruh Promosi Kesehatan Melalui Metode Bernyanyi Terhadap Pelaksanaan Cucitangan Pada Anak Prasekolah.
  • Syamsussabri M. (2013) Konsep Dasar Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Peserta Didik. J Perkemb Peserta Didik. 1: 1–8.
  • Thakadu OT, Ngwenya BN, Phaladze NA, (2018) Sanitation and hygiene practices among primary school learners in Ngamiland district, Botswana. Phys Chem Earth, Parts A/B/C. 105: 224–230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2018.02.006
  • Watson L, Shibata T, Ansariadi S, (2015) Understanding modifiable risk factors associated with childhood diarrhea in an eastern Indonesian urban setting. Int J Heal Promot Educ. 53: 42–54.
  • Yana LF, Husin A, Hakim IA. (2019) Kebiasaan Hidup Bersih dan Sehat Pada Anak Usia Dini di Kampung 1 Desa Muara Beliti Baru Kabupaten Musi Rawas. J Pendidik dan Pemberdaya Masy. 6: 45–56.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.