The fluoride and calcium effect of drink water on dental caries prevalence in children of 6-8 years old (Observational research in Bangkalan regency)

Abstract

Background: In Indonesia, caries is one of many dental and oral health problems which has a high incidence rate. Caries prevalence, according to Riskesdas (2013), is 1.4%. This figure is higher than the target aimed by WHO aimed, which is a caries index (DMFT-T) of 1%. Caries experience sufferers increased by 5.1% from 67.2% in 2007 to 72.3% in 2013. About 60-90% of school children have cavities which often cause pain and discomfort.
Aim: This research aims to determine the relationship of Fluoride and Calcium levels in drinking water to dental caries in children of 6-8 years in the city of Bangkalan.
Method: This study is a community-based observational analytic study. This study uses a cross-sectional design.
Results: During the test of the levels of fluoride and calcium in the urban area – precisely in SDN Demangan 01 – the result of the fluoride level was 0.058 mg/dL, and the calcium one was 103.3 mg/dL. During the test of the levels of fluoride and calcium in the coastal area – precisely at SDN Pangeranan 05 – the result of the fluoride level was 0.072 mg/dL, and the calcium one was 168.1 mg/dL.
Conclusion: People’s behavior is an important factor in caries increment besides fluoride and calcium. Predisposing factors in the study led to an increase and treatment among the two research sites.

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