The effect of pomegranate extract against Endothelin-1 expression, inducible nitric oxide synthase, Dan thickness of smooth muscles in pulmonary artery media tunics
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 2, pp. 3663-3667
  • Published Online: 30 Sep 2020
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)

Abstract

Background: Congenital Heart Disease which if not corrected on time can result in increased pulmonary artery pressure or what is referred to as Pulmonary Artery Hypertension (HAP). The pathogenesis of HAP involves remodeling of the pulmonary artery Pomegranate extract (EBD) can be developed as a therapy in cardiovascular disease as anti-proliferation and anti-inflammatory.
Purpose: Analyzing the effect of pomegranate extract administration on the expression of Endothelin-1 (ET-1), Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase (iNOS), and thickness of the tunica smooth muscle media of pulmonary arteries in rats modeled by pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Method: This study was an observational analytic retrospective cohort study design. Analysis of the data used is a descriptive analysis of the number of cells expressing ET-1 and iNOS as well as the thickness of the tunica smooth muscle media of the pulmonary arteries for each group.
Result: In the HAP model mouse group that was given EBD, the average number of cells expressing ET-1 decreased sharply from observation after 2 weeks to observation after 4 weeks. The mean number of cells expressing iNOS and the mean thickness of smooth muscle of the pulmonary artery also experienced a sharp decline from observation after 2 weeks to observation after 4 weeks.
Conclusion: The administration of EBD can reduce the expression of ET-1, iNOS, and smooth muscle thickness in tunica pulmonary artery media in hypertensive mice.

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