The effect of health education with case study and demonstration methods for preventing and handling emergency hypothermic at nature lover extracurricular
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 1, pp. 1639-1643
  • Published Online: 29 Jun 2020
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)

Abstract

Mountain climbing has a high risk of hypothermia, which threatens life safety. So intervention efforts are needed to improve the prevention and treatment of hypothermia. The purpose of this study was to explain the effects of health education with case studies and demonstration methods for preventing and handling emergency hypothermia at natural lover extracurricular. The study design was a quasi-experiment. The population in this study was extracurricular members. The sample used 70 respondents with a random sampling technique to choose the respondents. The independent variable of this research was health education with case studies and demonstration methods. The dependent variables consisted of knowledge, attitude, preventive action, and treatment of hypothermia. The research instrument used a questionnaire of knowledge, attitude, and preventive action and treatment of hypothermia. The analysis used Wilcoxon and Mann Whitney tests with the significant technique α <0.05. The results with Wilcoxon in the treatment group showed the case studies and demonstration methods increased knowledge (p = 0,000), attitudes (p = 0,000) and inactions (p = 0,000). Test results with Mann Whitney show that there is an average difference between the treatment group and the control group with the results of significance in knowledge (p = 0,000), attitudes (p = 0,000), actions (p = 0,000). Health education with case studies and demonstration methods can be used to improve knowledge, attitude, and preventative action and treatment of hypothermia for nature lovers.

References

  • Hjelle AL (1981) personality theories. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Jayanti I, Budu, Nontji W (2019) Differences in implementation of demonstration and audio-visual media methods on psychomotor learning outcomes among students for pregnancy examination. Indian J Public Heal Res Dev. 10: 1066–1070. https://doi.org/10.5958/0976-5506.2019.00851.9
  • Kustina DSW (2017) Hubungan Pengetahuan tetang Hipotermi terhadap Praktik Penanganan Hipotermi pada Mahasiswa Pecinta Alam (MAPALA). keperawatan.
  • Lubis NDA, Amelia S, Arrasyid NK (2019) Modelling of risk factors associated with foodborne disease among school-aged children in Medan, Indonesia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 7: 3302–3306. https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.721
  • Lumbanraja SN (2016) Influence of maternal factors on growth parameters in low-birth-weight babies with Kangaroo mother care. J Heal Transl Med. 19: 17–25. https://doi.org/10.22452/jummec.vol19no2.3
  • Naldi Y (2018) Hubungan Perilaku Hipotermi dengan Penanganan Awal Hipotermi pada Mahasiswa Pecinta Alam di Unswagati dan IAIN Syekh Nurjati Kota Cirebon. Kedokt dan Kesehat.
  • Notoatmodjo S (2010) Ilmu perilaku kesehatan. Jakarta. Penerbit Rineka Cipta.
  • Prasetyo E, Islam AA, Hatta M (2018) The effect of mild hypothermia therapy in the level of mmp-9 protein and the marshall ct score in high risk trumatic brain injury. Crit Care Shock. 21: 25–32.
  • Qona’ah A, Rosuliana NE, Bratasena IMA, (2020) Management of Shivering in Post-Spinal Anesthesia Using Warming Blankets and Warm Fluid Therapy. J Ners. 14: 305. https://doi.org/10.20473/jn.v14i3.17166
  • Siyoto S (2015) Visual Schedule towards the Decline of Behavioral Problems in Feeding Activities and Defecation in Children with Autism. J NERS. 10: 250.
  • Tarigan AP, Ananda FR, Pandia P (2019) The impact of upper limb training with breathing maneuver in lung function, functional capacity, dyspnea scale, and quality of life in patient with stable chronic obstructive of lung disease. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 7: 567–572.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.