The effect of health education through brainstorming and booklet method on behavior in prevention of pulmonary Tb transmission
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 2, pp. 2697-2702
  • Published Online: 31 Aug 2020
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)

Abstract

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The transmission of pulmonary Tuberculosis can be caused by poor patient behavior. This behavior is influenced by the TB client’s low level of knowledge about Tuberculosis and how to prevent transmission. This study aims to analyze the effect of health education through brainstorming and booklets on client behavior in preventing TB transmission. The population in this study were tuberculosis patents recorded from January to March 2017 with a sample of 30 respondents. The sampling technique of this study was purposive sampling. The independent variable of this research was health education through brainstorming and booklets method. The dependent variable of this study was the client’s behavior in preventing tuberculosis transmission. The data collection used questionnaires and analyzed using the Wilcoxon rank test and Mann Whitney with significance α=0.05. Wilcoxon’s statistical test results in the treatment group showed the influence of health education on knowledge (p=0.001), attitudes (p=0.001), and actions (0.001). The results of the Mann Whitney statistical test after the intervention showed a significant effect on the application of brainstorming and booklets on client knowledge (p=0.000), attitudes (0.000), and actions (0.000). This study concluded that health education through brainstorming and booklets could improve the client’s knowledge, attitudes, and actions in preventing pulmonary tuberculosis transmission. Health education through brainstorming and booklets become an alternative method of health education in preventing TB transmission.

References

  • Abdul, M., Syafar, M., Arsunan, A. A., Maria, I., Abdullah, M. T., Russeng, S. S., & Mallongi, A. (2019). Effectiveness of flipchart toimprove knowledge and attitude about tuberculosison mandar etnic in Majene District West Sulawesi. Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development, 10(10), 1582–1586. https://doi.org/10.5958/0976-5506.2019.03065.1
  • Agustin, M., Irdawati, Susilaningsih, & Zulaicha, E. (2014). Efektifitas Pendidikan Kesehatan Media Booklet Dibandingkan Audiovisual terhadap Pengetahuan Orang Tua tentang Karies Gigi pada Anak Usia 5-9 Tahun di Desa Makamhaji. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.
  • Agustina, S., & Wahjuni, C. U. (2016). Pengetahuan dan tindakan pencegahan penularan penyakit tuberkulosa paru pada keluarga kontak serumah. Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, 5, 85–94.
  • Akbar, M., Lusiawati, E., & Rahayu, R. (2016). Hubungan Pengetahuan Pasien Tbc Dengan Perilaku Pencegahan Penularan Kepada Keluarga Di Puskesmas Sienjo. Jurnal Keperawatan BSI, 4(2).
  • Aliyah, I. F. (2016). Pengaruh Media Booklet Anti ISPA (Bookis) Terhadap Perilaku Ibu dalam Pencegahan ISPA Penelitian Pra Experimental. Universitas Airlangga.
  • Bella, B., & Prasetyo, W. (2011). Pendidikan Kesehatan Merubah Perilaku Pasien TBC dalam Pencegahan Penularan Penyakitnya. Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan, 1(1), 26–31.
  • Buanasari, L. (2016). Pengaruh Metode Brainstorming Terhadap Pengetahuan dan Sikap Ibu Tentang Pemberian Asi Eksklusif. Universitas Airlangga.
  • Cahyani, T. (2012). Pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan dengan Media Gambar Berseri terhadap Perilaku Jajan Sehat Anak Usia Sekolah di SDN Banjarsari 01 dan 02 Selorejo Blitar.
  • Corones, K., Coyer, F. M., & Theobald, K. A. (2009). Exploring the information needs of patients who have undergone PCI. British Journal of Cardiac Nursing, 4(3), 123–130.
  • Furianto, R. B. (2015). Pengaruh Brainstorming Ibu Tentang Diare Terhadap Perilaku Pencegahan Diare Pada Anak Usia 1-3 Tahun. Universitas Airlangga.
  • Green, L., & Kreuter, M. (1991). Application of PRECEDE/PROCEED in community settings: health promotion planning: an educational and environmental approach. Mountain View, Calif, Mayfield.
  • Izza, N., & Roosihermatie, B. (2013). Peningkatan Tuberkulosis di Puskesmas Pacarkeling, Surabaya Tahun 2009–2011. Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan, 16(1 Jan).
  • Kemenkes RI. (2016). Infodatin: Tuberkulosis Temukan Obati Sampai Sembuh. Jakarta: Pusat Data Dan Informasi.
  • Kotouki, A. (2012). Gambaran perilaku penderita dan resiko Tuberkulosis BTA Positif dengan kepatuhan minum obat dan kebiasaan membuang dahak di wilayah Puskesmas Ciomas Kabupaten Bogor provinsi Jawa Barat Tahun 2012. Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat UI.
  • Kristinawati, B., Muryadewi, A., & Irianti, A. D. (2019). The Role of Family as A Caregiver in Caring for Family Members that are Suffering from Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Jurnal Ners, 14(3 (si)).
  • Martin, A., Simbolon, R. L., & Restuastuti, T. (2016). Pengetahuan Sikap dan Tindakan Penderita Tb Paru terhadap Pencegahan Kontak Serumah di Puskesmas Airtiris Kecamatan Kampar Kabupaten Kampar Provinsi. Riau University.
  • Massi, M. N., Wahyuni, S., Halik, H., Anita, Yusuf, I., Leong, F. J., … Phyu, S. (2011). Drug resistance among tuberculosis patients attending diagnostic and treatment centres in Makassar, Indonesia. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 15(4), 489–495. https://doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.09.0730
  • Naganingrum, Y. (2014). Pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan Brainstorming Dan Ceramah (Brace) Terhadap Perilaku Menstruasi Smp Islam Manbaul Ulum Gresik.
  • Ninuk Dian, K., Abu, B., Eka Mishbahatul Mar’ah, H., Elida, U., Laily, H., Hanik Endang, N., … Erna Dwi, W. (2016). Knowledge-Management-Based-Nursing Care Model Improves Patient Adherence to Tuberculosis Treatment. Jurnal Ners, 11(1), 99–105.
  • Notoatmodjo, S. (2007). Promosi kesehatan dan ilmu perilaku. Jakarta: Rineka cipta.
  • Notoatmodjo, S. (2010). Promosi Kesehatan dan Ilmu Perilaku. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
  • Nursalam, S. (2016). Metodologi Penelitian Ilmu Keperawatan Pendekatan Praktis. Jakarta: Edisi.
  • Pandia, P., Syafiuddin, T., Bachtiar, A., & Rochadi, K. (2019). The relationship between concordance behaviour with treatment compliance and quality of life of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in medan. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 7(9), 1536–1539. https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.321
  • Putra, I. S. M. (2015). Pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan Menggunakan Media Booklet Terhadap Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Tindakan Pengobatan Mdt Pada Penderita Kusta di Desa Omben Kecamatan Omben Kabupaten Sampang. Universitas Airlangga.
  • Putra. (2016). Pengaruh Self Management Education Terhadap Pemberdayaan Pasien Penyakit Paru Obstruksi Kronik di RSUD Wangaya Denpasar. Universitas Airlangga.
  • Rachman, F. R., Husein, U. A., & Trisandi, S. (2017). Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan dan Sikap Masyarakat terhadap Upaya Pencegahan Penyakit Tuberkulosis (Studi di RW 03 Kelurahan Dunguscariang Kota Bandung Tahun 2017). Prosiding Pendidikan Dokter, 3(2), 249–257.
  • Safitri, N. R. D., & Fitranti, D. Y. (2016). Pengaruh edukasi gizi dengan ceramah dan booklet terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan dan sikap gizi remaja overweight. Universitas Diponegoro.
  • Sinaga, B. Y., Amin, M., Siregar, Y., & Sarumpaet, S. M. (2014). Correlation between Vitamin D receptor gene FOKI and BSMI polymorphisms and the susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis in an Indonesian Batak-ethnic population. Acta Medica Indonesiana, 46(4), 275–282. Retrieved from https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84942592829&partnerID=40&md5=b70374a146fb8646995fc06f5f4f7502
  • Sukartini, T. (2015). Pengembangan Model Peningkatan Kepatuhan berbasis teori sistem interaksi King dan pengaruhnya terhadap kepatuhan pasien tuberkulosis paru.
  • Sukistiawati, F. S. (2014). Pengaruh Metode Pembelajaran Brainstorming dan Self-Esteem Terhadap Kecerdasan Interpersonal siswa Remaja di SMK Negeri 7 Samarinda. Jurnal Skripsi, 2(1), 101–110.
  • Sumantri, H. (2015). Metodologi penelitian kesehatan. Prenada Media.
  • Trasia, R. F., & Aryani, P. (2014). Gambaran Aspek Lingkungan dan Perilaku Pencegahan Penularan Tuberkulosis Paru di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Bebandem, Kabupaten Karangasem. E-Jurnal Medika Udayana.
  • Wahyuni, A. S., Soeroso, N. N., Wahyuni, D. D., Amelia, R., & Alona, I. (2018). Relationship of attitudes and perceptions with adherence in treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Medan, Indonesia. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, 11(Special Issue 1), 222–224. https://doi.org/10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11s1.26612
  • Widari, N. P. (2010). Perbandingan Pengaruh Metode Penyuluhan Kesehatan dan Konseling Terhadap Perubahan Perilaku Pencegahan Penularan pada Penderita TBC. UNS (Sebelas Maret University).
  • Wilson, C. (2013). Brainstorming and beyond: a user-centered design method. Newnes.
  • World Health Organzization. (2016). Global tuberculosis report 2016 (Vol. 44). https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00188313
  • Yulianti, I. (2013). Booklet untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan pemberantasan sarang nyamuk (PSN) Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) di Desa Plumbungan Kecamatan Karang Malang Kabupaten Sragen. Unnes Journal of Public Health, 2(2).

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.