The effect of biofuel crops cultivation on food prices stability and food security-A Review
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 1, pp. 613-621
  • Published Online: 15 Mar 2020
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)


Biofuel is the subject of increasing attention in most area of the world especially in the developed countries and some newly developed countries. It has become a controversial issue for the following reasons, rising commodity prices, a negative impact on food security and finally the issue of climate change. An increase in the uses of agricultural land in countries exporting food crops such as wheat, barley and rice and focus to grow oilseeds to produce biofuel, this change leads to food shortages, and rising prices due to a decline in production of basic crops and increasing demand for this type of crops, which is mainly used for food. Obviously high crop prices in this way could lead to an increase in the proportion of famine in the world and adversely affect food security. The cultivation of biofuel crops have many positive aspects including the use of agricultural land, which was left without cultivation and use for long periods of time, as well as providing employment opportunities and thus improve the living conditions of the farmers.


  • Adeniyi OM, Azimov U, Burluka A (2018) Algae biofuel: current status and future applications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 90:316-335.
  • Almodares A, Hadi MR (2009). Production of bioethanol from sweet sorghum: A review. African Journal of Agricultural Research 4(9):772-780.
  • Amezaga JM, Boyes SL, Harrison JA (2010) Biofuels Policy in the European Union. 7th International Biofuels Conference, New Delhi.
  • Andersen P (2009) Food security: Definition and measurement. Journal of Food Security 1: 5-7.
  • Atkinson SJ (1995) Approaches and Actors in Urban Food Security in Developing Countries. Habitat Int 19(2): 151-163.
  • Baier SL, Clements M, Griffiths CW, Ihrig JE (2009) Biofuels impact on crop and food prices: using an interactive spreadsheet. FRB International Finance Discussion Paper, (967).
  • Brahim A, Douka C, Azang SPE, Ningatoloum C, et al. (2018) Foraging Activity of Apis mellifera L (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Corn Panicles at Yaoundé, Cameroon. Canadian Journal of Agriculture and Crops, 3(2): 64-71.
  • Brenden D, Staab BD, Duffield JA (2017) Biofuel impact on food prices index and land use change. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. ASABE Annual International Meeting 1700835.
  • Bringezu S, Schütz H, O’Brien M, Kauppi L, Howarth RW, McNeely J (2009) Assessing Biofuels. Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment: 17-65. Retrieved from United Nations Environment Programme
  • Brown LR (2006) Supermarkets and service stations now competing for grain. Earth Police Institute. Retrieved from Earth Police Institute
  • Darith HES (2009) Food Security in Cambodia, update against the background of food price and economic crisis. Presentation for EC Workshop 22nd of April 2009. Retrieved from Delegation of European Union
  • Debrayan BH (2018) RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES, conference at: International University of Ecuador. Ecuador.
  • Durrett TP, Benning C,Ohlrogge J (2008) Plant triacylglycerols as feed stocks for the production of biofuels. Plant Journal 54(4): 593-607.
  • Edenhofer O, Seyboth K, Creutzig F, Schlömer S (2013) On the sustainability of renewable energy sources. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 38: 169-200.
  • FAO A (2008) Biofuels: prospects, risks and opportunities. Food and Agriculture Organization.1: 3-5. Retrieved from
  • FAO B (2008) Crop Prospects and Food Situation, Food and Agriculture Organization 1: 4-10. Retrieved from
  • FAO C, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (1996) Rome Declaration on World Food Security. World Food Summit. Retrieved from
  • Goldemberg J (2005) World Energy Assessment: Energy and the Challenge of Sustainability. United Nations Development Program. Retrieved from Energy and Environment
  • Grant C (2007) Bio-fuels and Food Aid: the impact on southern Africa. Wahenga, No.13. Retrieved from
  • James C (2006) Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2006. ISAAA Brief 35. ISAAA: Ithaca, NY.
  • Midmore DJ (1993) Agronomic modification of resource use and intercrop productivity. Field Crops Research 34(3-4): 357-380.
  • Mitchell D (2008) A Note on Rising Food Prices. The World Bank Development Prospects Group. Retrieved from
  • Oliphant E, Finlay M, Simon AC, Arbic BK (2018) Biofuels: Beneficial or Bad? Should a Ghanaian Chief Sell His Land for Biofuel Crop Cultivation? Sustainability: The Journal of Record 11(1): 16-23.
  • Peskett L, Slater R, Stevens C, Dufey A (2007) Biofuels, agriculture and poverty reduction. Natural resource perspectives 107: 1-6.
  • Ravindranath NH, Manuvie R, Fargione J, Canadell JG, Woods J, Watson H, Sathaye J (2009) Greenhouse gas Implications of Land Use and Land Conversion to Biofuel Crops. Report of the International SCOPE Biofuels Project: 111-125. Retrieved from
  • Saunders Harry D (2008) Virtual biofuels - A cheaper, better, faster alternative. Energy Policy 36(4): 1247-1250.
  • Shahzad U (2015) The Need for Renewable Energy Sources. International Journal of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering 15(6): 16-18.
  • Sharma RTA, Sharma R (2019) Sustainable agriculture: Trends and opportunities for 21st Century. Journal of Applied and Natural Science 11(3): 666-672.
  • Stephen FL (2005) Fossil Fuels in the 21st Century. Journal of the Human Environment 34(8): 621-627.
  • Suani Teixeira Coelho (2005) Biofuels - Advantages and Trade Barriers.United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. Retrieved from UNCTAD
  • Tiziano Gomiero (2015) Are Biofuels an Effective and Viable Energy Strategy for Industrialized Societies? A Reasoned Overview of Potentials and Limits, sustainability 7: 8491-8521.
  • Ugarte DDL (2006) Opportunities and Challenges of Biofuels for the Agricultural Sector and Food Security of Developing Countries. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. Retrieved from
  • United Nations- UN (2007) World population prospects, the 2006 revision and world urbanization prospects. Retrieved from
  • Venturini OJ, Yanez EE, Castillo EF, Almazan O (2009) Biofuels: Environment, technology and food security. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 13(6): 1275-1287.
  • World Development Report (2008) Biofuels: The Promise and the Risks. World Development Report 2008. Retrieved from World Bank website


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.