The effect of Annona muricata and Urtica dioica on killing the proscolex of Echinococcus granulosus

Abstract

This study showed the effect of Annona muricata and Urtica dioica on killing the proscolex of Echinococcus granulosus parasite. The echinococcus cysts was isolated from the livers of slaughtered sheep in Mosul city. The vitality of the cysts was studied under the microscope using a 0.1% aqueous aucine. concentrations were used (10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90) µg/ml from an extract of Annona muricata and Urtica dioica plants to study its influence on the vitality number of the proscolex. These proscolex were treated with the extract for different time periods ranging from (0, 15, 30, 45, 60) minutes, the study showed a significant effect of Urtica dioica plant on killing the proscolex of Echinococcus granulosus. Flavonoids had a fatal effect on killing the proscolex in the concentrations (10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90) µg/ml for time periods ranging from (0, 15, 30, 45, 60) minutes. The 90 µg/ml showed a high effect on killing the proscolex. Alkaloids also showed a similar effect to flavonoids on killing the proscolex in the same concentrations and time periods, while the alkaloids were extracted from Annona muricata has a moderately effective on killing the proscolex in the same concentrations and time periods. While the cleucosides and flavonoids extracted from Urtica dioica did not show any effect in the same concentrations and time periods.

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