The effect of aloevera phonophoresis on skin thickness in patients with psoriasis: a randomized controlled trail
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Abbas SA, Khalaf MM, El-Eishi NH, El Sayeh SM. The effect of aloevera phonophoresis on skin thickness in patients with psoriasis: a randomized controlled trail. Eurasia J Biosci. 2020;14(1), 129-134.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Abbas et al., 2020)
Reference: Abbas, S. A., Khalaf, M. M., El-Eishi, N. H., & El Sayeh, S. M. (2020). The effect of aloevera phonophoresis on skin thickness in patients with psoriasis: a randomized controlled trail. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 14(1), 129-134.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Abbas et al., 2020)
Reference: Abbas, Shaimaa A., Mohamed M. Khalaf, Nermine H. El-Eishi, and Shaimaa M. El Sayeh. "The effect of aloevera phonophoresis on skin thickness in patients with psoriasis: a randomized controlled trail". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2020 14 no. 1 (2020): 129-134.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Abbas et al., 2020)
Reference: Abbas, S. A., Khalaf, M. M., El-Eishi, N. H., and El Sayeh, S. M. (2020). The effect of aloevera phonophoresis on skin thickness in patients with psoriasis: a randomized controlled trail. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 14(1), pp. 129-134.

MLA
In-text citation: (Abbas et al., 2020)
Reference: Abbas, Shaimaa A. et al. "The effect of aloevera phonophoresis on skin thickness in patients with psoriasis: a randomized controlled trail". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 14, no. 1, 2020, pp. 129-134.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Abbas SA, Khalaf MM, El-Eishi NH, El Sayeh SM. The effect of aloevera phonophoresis on skin thickness in patients with psoriasis: a randomized controlled trail. Eurasia J Biosci. 2020;14(1):129-34.

Abstract

Aim: The current study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of aloe vera phonophoresis in the treatment of psoriasis. Methods: Thirty patients had psoriasis of the chronic plaque type, their ages ranged from 20-40 years. Patients were divided randomly into two equal groups. Group (A) received topical aloe vera that transmitted through the ultrasound, the ultrasound was delivered for 5 minutes with a frequency of 1 MHz, intensity of 1.5w/cm2 with continuous mode, 3 sessions/week for two months as a total period of treatment. Group (B) received topical aloe vera once/day, massaged for 5 minutes, 3 times per week for two months as a total period of treatment. Method of evaluation was ultrasonography. Results: There was greater improvement in patients treated with aloe vera phonophoresis than those treated with topical aloe vera as evidenced by ultrasonography. Conclusions: The combination of ultrasound and aloe vera gel can be considered as an effective method to enhance the drug efficacy and penetration thus enhancing the treatment of psoriasis.

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