AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Sipahelut SG, Patty JA, Patty Z, Kastanja AY, Lekahena VNJ. The antibacterial and antifungal activity of essential oil derived from the flesh of nutmeg fruit. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(1), 93-98.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Sipahelut et al., 2019)
Reference: Sipahelut, S. G., Patty, J. A., Patty, Z., Kastanja, A. Y., & Lekahena, V. N. J. (2019). The antibacterial and antifungal activity of essential oil derived from the flesh of nutmeg fruit. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(1), 93-98.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Sipahelut et al., 2019)
Reference: Sipahelut, Sophia Grace, John Alfred Patty, Zeth Patty, Ariance Yeane Kastanja, and Vanessa Natalie Jane Lekahena. "The antibacterial and antifungal activity of essential oil derived from the flesh of nutmeg fruit". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 1 (2019): 93-98.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Sipahelut et al., 2019)
Reference: Sipahelut, S. G., Patty, J. A., Patty, Z., Kastanja, A. Y., and Lekahena, V. N. J. (2019). The antibacterial and antifungal activity of essential oil derived from the flesh of nutmeg fruit. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(1), pp. 93-98.

MLA
In-text citation: (Sipahelut et al., 2019)
Reference: Sipahelut, Sophia Grace et al. "The antibacterial and antifungal activity of essential oil derived from the flesh of nutmeg fruit". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 1, 2019, pp. 93-98.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Sipahelut SG, Patty JA, Patty Z, Kastanja AY, Lekahena VNJ. The antibacterial and antifungal activity of essential oil derived from the flesh of nutmeg fruit. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(1):93-8.

Abstract

This research aims at determining the antibacterial and antifungal activity of the Nutmeg fruit flesh-derived oil with some concentration ratios of nutmeg fruit flesh-derived oil to ethanol (1:0, 1:1, 1:2 and 1:3) and examining the essential oil’s inhibiting activity of the growth of pathogenic bacteria, food-destroying bacteria and food-destroying fungi. The bacteria tested include Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, whereas the fungi tested are Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium moniliforme. This study employs the agar diffusion and total plate count methods. The results show that the nutmeg fruit flesh-derived oil may inhibit the growth of isolates at all concentrations. The higher of the concentration of nutmeg fruit flesh-derived oil, the wider the bacterial growth inhibition zone is. The utilization of nutmeg fruit flesh-derived oil at all concentrations shows strong antibacterial power category against all tested bacteria. However, it shows weak antifungal power against all tested fungi.

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