Synthesis and characterization of na-saturated kaolinite membrane for pb(ii) filtration
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 1, pp. 699-703
  • Published Online: 31 Mar 2020
  • Article Views: 94 | Article Download: 92
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Ikhsan J, Widjajanti Lfx E, Priyambodo E, Ayu Pratiwi A, Karunia Widi W. Synthesis and characterization of na-saturated kaolinite membrane for pb(ii) filtration. Eurasia J Biosci. 2020;14(1), 699-703.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Ikhsan et al., 2020)
Reference: Ikhsan, J., Widjajanti Lfx, E., Priyambodo, E., Ayu Pratiwi, A., & Karunia Widi, W. (2020). Synthesis and characterization of na-saturated kaolinite membrane for pb(ii) filtration. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 14(1), 699-703.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Ikhsan et al., 2020)
Reference: Ikhsan, Jaslin, Endang Widjajanti Lfx, Erfan Priyambodo, Ajeng Ayu Pratiwi, and Wijayanti Karunia Widi. "Synthesis and characterization of na-saturated kaolinite membrane for pb(ii) filtration". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2020 14 no. 1 (2020): 699-703.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Ikhsan et al., 2020)
Reference: Ikhsan, J., Widjajanti Lfx, E., Priyambodo, E., Ayu Pratiwi, A., and Karunia Widi, W. (2020). Synthesis and characterization of na-saturated kaolinite membrane for pb(ii) filtration. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 14(1), pp. 699-703.

MLA
In-text citation: (Ikhsan et al., 2020)
Reference: Ikhsan, Jaslin et al. "Synthesis and characterization of na-saturated kaolinite membrane for pb(ii) filtration". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 14, no. 1, 2020, pp. 699-703.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Ikhsan J, Widjajanti Lfx E, Priyambodo E, Ayu Pratiwi A, Karunia Widi W. Synthesis and characterization of na-saturated kaolinite membrane for pb(ii) filtration. Eurasia J Biosci. 2020;14(1):699-703.

Abstract

This research aims to synthesize membrane using kaolinite and Na-saturated kaolinite. Three main steps of preparation of the membrane were conducted; preparation of kaolinite, synthesis of the membrane and trial of membrane implementation for filtration of Pb2+ cation using cross-flow reactor. Membrane characterization was performed using SEM EDX. This research showed that kaolinite membrane (Kao) has significant larger pores compared to those of Na-kaolinite membrane (Kao-Na). Both membranes have uneven distribution of pores, with main compositions of carbon (C) and oxygen (O). The mass of each element is 43.69% and 46.88% of total mass on Kao, and 45.35% and 44.84% on Kao-Na, respectively. The highest flux on Kao is 58.441 L/(m2.h) and 30.080 L/(m2.h) on Kao-Na. The highest rejection of Pb2+ is 24.48% on Kao and 28.27% in Kao-Na. The saturation of Na+ decreases the flux and increases the rejection.

References

  • Afifah AS, Damayanti A (2016) filtrasi limbah laundry dengan membran zeolit-silika untuk menurunkan cod. Jurnal Purifikasi 16(2): 67-77.
  • Al-Harahsheh M, Shawabkeh R, Al-Harahsheh A, Tarawneh K, Batiha MM (2009) Surface modification and characterization of Jordanian kaolinite: application for lead removal from aqueous solutions. Applied Surface Science 255(18): 8098-8103.
  • Baker RW (2004) Membrane technology and applications. John Wiley & Sons.
  • Bayat M, Teymoorian A (2015) A Study on Gravimeteric Situation in East of Uromieh Lake Region with Determination of Suitable Bouguer Density. International Journal of Geography and Geology, 4(9): 146-154.
  • Bhattacharyya KG, Gupta SS (2008) Adsorption of a few heavy metals on natural and modified kaolinite and montmorillonite: a review. Advances in colloid and interface science 140(2): 114-131.
  • Bouzerara F, Harabi A, Achour S, Larbot A (2006) Porous ceramic supports for membranes prepared from kaolin and doloma mixtures. Journal of the European Ceramic Society 26(9): 1663-1671.
  • Fu F, Wang Q (2011) Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: a review. Journal of environmental management 92(3): 407-418.
  • Gholamrezaei, A., Rezapour-Nasrabad, R., Ghalenoei, M., & Nasiri, M. (2019). Correlation between suicide literacy and stigmatizing attitude of nurses toward patients with suicide attempts. Revista Latinoamericana de Hipertension, 14(3), 351-355.
  • Harabi A, Zenikheri F, Boudaira B, Bouzerara F, Guechi A, Foughali L (2014) A new and economic approach to fabricate resistant porous membrane supports using kaolin and CaCO3. Journal of the European Ceramic Society 34(5): 1329-1340.
  • Ismail AF, Matsuura T (ed.) (2016) Membrane technology for water and wastewater treatment, energy and environment. CRC Press.
  • Kumar BS (2014) Fabrication and characterization of kaolin based membrane for catalyst recovery (Doctoral dissertation).
  • Miller DJ, Kasemset S, Paul DR, Freeman BD (2014) Comparison of membrane fouling at constant flux and constant transmembrane pressure conditions. Journal of Membrane Science 454: 505-515.
  • Mohammadi T, Pak A (2003) Effect of calcination temperature of kaolin as a support for zeolite membranes. Separation and Purification Technology 30(3): 241-249.
  • Mohammadi T, Pak A, Karbassian M, Golshan M (2004) Effect of operating conditions on microfiltration of an oil-water emulsion by a kaolin membrane. Desalination 168: 201-205.
  • Sarbatly R. (2011) Porosity of the Kaolin Membrane Support. Journal of Applied Sciences 11(13): 2306-2312.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.