Suneem oil inhibits physiological activity of Spodoptera Littoralis (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2019 - Volume 13 Issue 2, pp. 1311-1316
  • Published Online: 27 Sep 2019
  • Article Views: 58 | Article Download: 40
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Adel MM, Sehnal F, Ibrahim SS, Salem NY. Suneem oil inhibits physiological activity of Spodoptera Littoralis (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2), 1311-1316.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Adel et al., 2019)
Reference: Adel, M. M., Sehnal, F., Ibrahim, S. S., & Salem, N. Y. (2019). Suneem oil inhibits physiological activity of Spodoptera Littoralis (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), 1311-1316.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Adel et al., 2019)
Reference: Adel, Manal Mohamed, Frantisek Sehnal, Samar Sayed Ibrahim, and Nagwa Yosef Salem. "Suneem oil inhibits physiological activity of Spodoptera Littoralis (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 2 (2019): 1311-1316.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Adel et al., 2019)
Reference: Adel, M. M., Sehnal, F., Ibrahim, S. S., and Salem, N. Y. (2019). Suneem oil inhibits physiological activity of Spodoptera Littoralis (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), pp. 1311-1316.

MLA
In-text citation: (Adel et al., 2019)
Reference: Adel, Manal Mohamed et al. "Suneem oil inhibits physiological activity of Spodoptera Littoralis (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 2, 2019, pp. 1311-1316.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Adel MM, Sehnal F, Ibrahim SS, Salem NY. Suneem oil inhibits physiological activity of Spodoptera Littoralis (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2):1311-6.

Abstract

Suneem oil (1000 ppm) was tested for their efficiency on the digestion and utilization of food against 4th and 5th instar larvae of S. littoralis (Boisd.). Larvae offered, after a period of starvation, a normal diet produced first excrements about 2 h later, whereas those receiving suneem oil only 4 h later. Analyses of the fresh and dry weight as well as of the energy contents of the treated larvae, their diets and excrements revealed that the metabolic costs were usually higher, the approximate digestibility (AD) and efficiencies of food conversion were lowered (ECD and ECI). The differences, however, were small and in some cases reversed, indicating that the processing of food stuffs that serve as a source of energy is either unaffected or only slightly affected. Suneem oil clearly suppressed the intake of nitrogen and phosphorus, suggesting that azadirachtin either hampers the hydrolysis of nutrients supplying these two elements, or impairs the resorption of hydrolysis products.

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