Abstract

In recent decades, interest in the science of remote sensing of its wide applications has increased, the brilliant that it provides and the accuracy that it requires in its implementation, which are essentially based on modern technologies applied in spacecraft, airborne and ground-based surveillance devices.
The development taking place in communications, data transfer, massive data storage devices and computer processing in storing, retrieving and analyzing data and extracting recent data that serve the goal of research, including (our study area) includes monitoring and controlling vast areas for managing economic resources such as (agricultural, water, soil and land use (LU)).
And natural phenomena and disasters such as (desertification, floods, sweeping torrents, rainstorms and burn or fires), in addition to geometric estimate and quantity with utmost accuracy and in various ways, especially estimating compensation due to disasters. 
Our study area relied on appropriate satellite imagery in spatial accuracy using satellite imagery of Landsat 5 and 8 For the periods 05/07/2000 and 05/09/2017, which are currently widely available through data transmission networks, in order to control the resources of the Earth's Land Cover (LC) that serve inhabitant humans.
The study area represents the entire Al-Gharaf river basin and is located between the governorates of Wasit and Dhi Qar in western southern Iraq, and it included a section of a length of river 168,800 km, while the total area of the area covered by the study Al-Gharaf River basin is 318845,600 km2.
The process of monitoring the change in the Land Cover (LC) of this area is classified using three methods:
The results showed Supervised and Unsupervised Classification techniques for (NDVI) and (NDWI) respectively, the area covered with water from the total area (3273457222 m2) was 1.2% in the 2000 year to increase in the 2017 year to become 3.6% by a triple, While Vegetation covers (VC) 22% in the 2000 year of the Al-gharaf River Basin, it increases double to 44% in the 2017 year. As for Land use (LU), its area increases from 24.94% in 2000year to 31.03% in the 2017 year, and finally, soil types cover an area of 61.1% in the 2000 year, decreasing to 15.83% in the 2017 year.
These results indicated that the area is promising. Scientific plans should be developed for the rest of the areas adjacent to the Al-Gharaf River Basin.
This data and results are managed with the use of GIS ArcMap 10.2 software and tools, and Microsoft Office version 10 package.

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