Properly organized vaccination in medical organizations is a guarantor of infectious diseases control and serves as a protective barrier to the spread of childhood infections. In order to assess the organization of children’s vaccination in obstetric hospitals and children’s polyclinics by random sampling on the basis of 7 children’s polyclinics in St. Petersburg a survey of 1724 mothers who had 1 year old children born in 2016-2017 was conducted. Evaluation of children’s vaccination coverage in the first year of life showed that 84.3% are vaccinated according to the National calendar of preventive vaccinations. In general, 15.7% of children had vaccination disorders, 4.9% of them were not vaccinated completely, and 10.8% - partially. The main reason why children are not vaccinated both in maternity institutions and in children’s polyclinics are medical contraindications associated with the health of the child in more than 75% cases. Subjective reasons for violations of vaccination status in most children are the belief of parents in the absence of risk of infection with some children’s infectious diseases and fear of possible post-vaccination complications. The highest proportion of children was vaccinated against rubella (91.5%), the lowest - against pneumococcal infection (68.5%). Less than a third of mothers (30.5 %) indicated that they had received detailed information from their doctor about the vaccine, the disease for which the child would be vaccinated and the possible consequences of immunization.At most of the respondents, monitoring of the child’s condition after immunoprophylaxis was not carried out in accordance with the instructions. The main source of information for 91.1% of parents is the Internet. Only 31.4% of respondents identified health workers as the main sources of information on vaccine prophylaxis. Thus, despite the relatively high vaccination coverage of children of the first year of life, there are a number of significant shortcomings in the vaccination organization. There is a need to optimize the organization of vaccination in medical organizations of St. Petersburg.


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