Social risk factors of incidence and disease course in women having breast cancer: review of studies

Abstract

Breast cancer is an oncological disease ranking the world's first according to prevalence. This oncological pathology leads to a lower quality of life in women, their work incapacity, disability, and death. Searching for risk factors has to be conducted in relation to both the incidence and the disease course of breast cancer, and risk models have to be verified for including them into breast cancer control programs. The methods of this study were theoretical review, analysis of literature, and methods for systemizing and summarizing the material. The presented review of studies of social risk factors of breast cancer occurrence demonstrates the prognostic incidence risk models currently available in medical sociology. As for the incidence of malignant neoplasms, individual social risk factors have been identified: place of residence, economic characteristics of the region of residence, education level, family status, etc. The significance of these factors for estimating the incidence risk of malignant neoplasms has been described, too. The obtained data on social risk factors of the disease incidence and course in female breast cancer patients serve as a basis for developing new predictive models of the risk of oncological diseases aimed at identifying the risk groups, early diagnosing of breast cancer, as well as including them into breast cancer control programs.

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