Shiitake mushroom, Japanese fragrant mushroom (lentinula edodes (derk.) pegler) in primorsky territory: distribution, nutritional and medicinal properties, artificial reproduction, mushroom status


This mushroom comes from Japan and is known under various names (Shiitake, Shiang-gu) and has amazing properties that have not yet been fully studied. Shiitake mushrooms are one of the most popular mushrooms in the world. They are valued for their rich taste and useful properties, which are now actively used in medicine and pharmaceuticals; they have an antitumor and excellent immunomodulating effect, and some even call these mushrooms the “elixir of life”. Siitake was discovered and brought into use more than 2 thousand years ago, but in Russia it became known only in 1988 thanks to mycologist E.M. Bulakh. She discovered a previously unknown mushroom on the linden tree, and confirmed with numerous studies that it grows mainly in the southern regions of the Primorsky Territory and in the Far East. In 2008, the mushroom was listed in the “Red Book of Primorsky Territory”. However, in the course of field studies, we obtained new information and made conclusions regarding the exact range of the mushroom in the territory of the Primorsky Territory. This allows us to raise the question of changing the “red” status of shiitake and transferring it to the low risk category in order to popularize it among the population and efficiently use its unique nutritional and medicinal properties. In addition, the assignment of a new status will enable people to grow mushrooms in their greenhouses, on personal plots. Under favorable weather conditions, the mushroom yields a good harvest for 7-8 months a year, which allows expanding the range of winter harvestings.


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