Screening for some marine cyanobacteria isolated from Red Sea Coast, Egypt producing antimicrobial activity
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 1, pp. 11-19
  • Published Online: 25 Jan 2020
  • Article Views: 470 | Article Download: 180
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Elkomy RG. Screening for some marine cyanobacteria isolated from Red Sea Coast, Egypt producing antimicrobial activity. Eurasia J Biosci. 2020;14(1), 11-19.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Elkomy, 2020)
Reference: Elkomy, R. G. (2020). Screening for some marine cyanobacteria isolated from Red Sea Coast, Egypt producing antimicrobial activity. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 14(1), 11-19.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Elkomy, 2020)
Reference: Elkomy, Reham G.. "Screening for some marine cyanobacteria isolated from Red Sea Coast, Egypt producing antimicrobial activity". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2020 14 no. 1 (2020): 11-19.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Elkomy, 2020)
Reference: Elkomy, R. G. (2020). Screening for some marine cyanobacteria isolated from Red Sea Coast, Egypt producing antimicrobial activity. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 14(1), pp. 11-19.

MLA
In-text citation: (Elkomy, 2020)
Reference: Elkomy, Reham G. "Screening for some marine cyanobacteria isolated from Red Sea Coast, Egypt producing antimicrobial activity". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 14, no. 1, 2020, pp. 11-19.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Elkomy RG. Screening for some marine cyanobacteria isolated from Red Sea Coast, Egypt producing antimicrobial activity. Eurasia J Biosci. 2020;14(1):11-9.

Abstract

Marine microalge are known as source of bioactive secondary metabolites. In the present work, production of antimicrobial activity by three marine cyanobacteria Oscillatoria simplicissima, Oscillatoria acutissima and Spirulina platensis and antimicrobial activities of them was investigated against different microorganisms. The effects of pH, temperature and light intensity on the production of antimicrobial activity were tested. Extracts of the algae were prepared using hexane, chloroform, ethanol, methanol and water, then assayed for antimicrobial agents against microorganisms like Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococus luteus, Serratia marcescens, Salmonella spp., Vibrio spp., Aeromonas hydrophila, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and one species of yeast Candida albicans. Data showed that the methanol extract was very effective against bacterial and fungi strains compared to other extract at pH 8.0, 30ºC and 3000 lux for three algal. No antimicrobial activity was detected in the water extracts. This material was produced, maximally, after 12, 14, 12 days of incubation period in aerated culture for Oscillatoria simplicissima, Oscillatoria acutissima and Spirulina platensis respectively. The results indicated scope for utilizing these microalgae as a source of antimicrobial substances.

References

  • Abdel-Raouf N, Al-Enazi NM, Al-Homaidan AA, Ibraheem IBM, Al Othman MR, Hatamleh AA (2015) Antibacterial b-amyrin isolated from Laurencia microcladia. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 8: 32-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.09.033
  • Alghazeer R, Whida F, Abduelrhman E, Gammoudi F, Naili M (2013) In vitro antibacterial activity of alkaloid extracts from green, red and brown macroalgae from western coast of Lybia. African Journal of Biotechnology, 12: 7086-7091.
  • Al-Salif SSA, Abdel-Raouf N, El-Wazanani HA, Aref IA (2014) Antibacterial substances from marine algae isolated from Jeddah coast of Red Sea, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 21: 57-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2013.06.001
  • Amaro HM, Guedes AC, Malcata FX (2011) Science against microbial pathogens: communicating current research and technological advances A. Mendez-Vilas (Ed.), Antimicrobial activities of microalgae: an invited review: 1272-1280.
  • Ame MV, Diaz M, Wunderline DA (2003) Occurance of toxic cyanobacterial blooms in San Roque Reservoir (Cordoba, Argentina): a field and chemometric study. Inc. Environ. Toxicol, 18: 192-198. https://doi.org/10.1002/tox.10114
  • Attaie R J, Whalen K M, Arner M A (1987) Inhibition of growth of S. aureusduring production of acidophilus yogurt.J. Food Protec, 50: 224-228. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-50.3.224
  • Bansemir A, Blume M, Schröder SU, Lindequist U (2006) Screening of cultivated seaweeds for antibacterial activity against fish pathogenic bacteria. Aquaculture; 252: 79-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.11.051
  • Barros MP, Pinto E, Sigaud-Kutner TCS, Cardozo KHM, Colepicolo D P (2005). Rhythmicity and oxidative/nitrosative stress in algae. Biological Rhythm Research, 36(1/2): 67-82. https://doi.org/10.1080/09291010400028666
  • Becker EW (1994) Microalgae: biotechnology and microbiology. Cambridge: University press: 1-293.
  • Borowitzka MA, Borowitzka LJ, Kessly D (1990) Effect of salinity increase on carotenoids accumulation in the green alga Dunaliella salina. Journal of Applied Phycology, 2: 111-119. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00023372
  • Carvalho PA, Silva OS, Baptista MJ, Malcata FX (2011) Light Requirements in Microalgal Photobioreactors: An Overview of Biophotonic Aspects. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol, 89: 1275-1288. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-010-3047-8
  • Cordeiro RA, Gomes VM, Carvalho AFU, Melo VMM (2006) Effect of Proteins from the Red Seaweed Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) Lamouroux on the Growth of Human Pathogen Yeasts. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 49(6): 915-921. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132006000700008
  • Cronberg G, Annadotter H (2006) Manual on Aquatic cyanobacteria. ISSHA.
  • Demirel Z, Yılmaz FF, Ozdemir G, Dalay MC (2018) Influence of Media and Temperature on the Growth and the Biological Activities of Desmodesmus protuberans (FE Fritsch & MF Rich) E. Hegewald. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 18: 1195-1203. https://doi.org/10.4194/1303-2712-v18_10_06
  • Duncan BD (1957) Multiple range tests for correlated and heteroscedastic means. Biometrics, 13: 359-364. https://doi.org/10.2307/2527799
  • Ely R, Supriya T, Naik CG (2004) Antimicrobial activity of marine organisms collected off the coast of South East India. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 309: 121-127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2004.03.010
  • European Pharmacopoeia (1997) Mikrobiologische Wertbestimmung von Antibiotika, Diffusions method. Deutscher-Apotheker-Verlag, Stuttgart (6th Ed.).
  • Gonzalez del Val, Platas G, Bailio A (2001) Screening of antimicrobial activities in red, green and brown macroalgae from (Gran Canaria, Spain). Int. Microbiol, 4: 35-40.
  • Griffiths DJ, Saker ML (2003) The Palm island mystery disease 20 years on: a review of research on cyanotoxin cylindrospermopsin. Inc. Environ. Toxicol; 18: 78-93. https://doi.org/10.1002/tox.10103
  • Guedes A C, Catarina R, Barbosa H M, Amaro C I, Pereira F X M (2011) Microalgal and cyanobacterial cell extracts for use as natural antibacterial additives against food pathogens. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 46(4): 862-870. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2011.02567.x
  • Guillard RRL (1975) Culture of phytoplankton for feeding marine invertebrates. In: WL Smith and MH Chanley (eds.), Culture of Marine Invertebrate Animals. Plenum Press, New York: 26-60. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-8714-9_3
  • Guillard RRL, Ryther JH (1962) Studies of marine planktonic diatoms. I. Cyclotella nana Hustedt and Detonulaconfervacea Cleve. Can. J. Microbiol., 8: 229-239. https://doi.org/10.1139/m62-029
  • Issa AA (1999) Antibiotic production by the cyanobacteria Oscillatoria angustissima and Calothrix parietina. Environ. Toxicol. Pharm. 8: 33-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1382-6689(99)00027-7
  • Lehtimaki J, Moisander P, Sivonen K, Kononen K (1997) Growth, nitrogen fixation and nodularin production by two Baltic Sea cyanobacteria. Appl. Environ. Microbiol, 63(5): 1647-1654.
  • Li Z, Wakao S, Fischer BB, Niyogi KK (2009) Sensing and responding to excess light. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 60: 239-260. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.58.032806.103844
  • Maftuch I, Adam A, Zamzami I (2016) Antibacterial effect of Gracilaria verrucosa bioactive on fish pathogenic bacteria. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 42: 405-410. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejar.2016.10.005
  • Mariswamy Y, Gnaraj WE, Johnson M (2011) Chromatographic finger print analysis of steroids in AervalanataL by HPTLC technique. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 1(6): 428-433. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2221-1691(11)60094-4
  • Mendes M, Pereira R, Sousa-Pinto I, Carvalho AP, Gomes AM (2013) Antimicrobial activity and lipid profile of seaweed extracts from the North Portuguese Coast. International Food Research Journal, 20: 3337-3345.
  • Ming L, Yixiang MJ, Cao L, Guang-Ming Q, Chen L, Sun H, Chen H (2017) Antibacterial activity and mechanisms of depolymerized fucoidans isolated from Laminaria japonica, Carbohydrate Polymers, 172: 294-305. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.05.060
  • Ostensvik O, Skulberg OM, Underdal B, Hormazabal V (1998) Antibacterial properties of extracts from selected planktonic fresh water cyanobacteria—a comparative study of bacterial bioassays. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 84: 1117-1124. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2672.1998.00449.x
  • Ozdemir G, Karabay N, Dolay M, Pazarbasim B (2004) Antibacterial activity of volatile extracts of Spirulina platensis. Phytother. Res., 18(9): 754-757. https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.1541
  • Patra JK, Patra AP, Mahapatra NK, Thatoi N, Das S, Sahu RK, Swain GC (2009) Antimicrobial activity of organic solvent extracts of three marine macroalgae from Chilika Lake, Orissa, India. Malaysian Journal of Microbiology, 5: 128-131.
  • Patterson G M L, Boils C M (1995) Regulating of scytophycin accumulation in cultures of Scytonema ocellatum II. Nutrient requirement. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol, 43: 692-700. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00164775
  • Pina-Perez MC, Rivas A, Martinez A, Rodrigo D (2017) Antimicrobial potential of macro and microalgae against pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms in food. Food Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.05.
  • 033
  • Prakash JW, Johnson M and Solomon J (2011) Antimicrobial activity of certain fresh water microalgae from Thamirabarani Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 1(2): 170-173. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2221-1691(11)60149-4
  • Prescott GW (1968) The Algae: A review. Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Co.Pulz O and Gross W. Valuable products from biotechnology of microalgae. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 65: 635648.
  • Pulz, O, Gross W (2004) Valuable products from biotechnology of microalgae. Applied Microbiological Biotechnology, 65: 635-648. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-004-1647-x
  • Rabia A, Fauzi W, Entesar A, Fatiem G, Mahboba N (2013) In vitro antibacterial activity of alkaloid extracts from green, red and brown macroalgae from western coast of Libya. African Journal of Biotechnology, 12: 7086-7091.
  • Radhika D, Veerabahu C, Priya R (2012) Antibacterial activity of some selected seaweeds from the Gulf of Mannar Coast, South India. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research; 5(4): 8990.
  • Rao A R., Reddy AH, Aradhya SM (2010) Antibacterial properties of Spirulina platensis, Haematococcus pluvialis, Botryococcus braunii micro algal extracts. Current Trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy, 4(3): 809-819.
  • Rao M, Malhotra S, Fatma T, Rattan A (2007) Antimycobacterial activity from cyanobacterial extracts and phytochemical screening of methanol extract of Hapalosiphon. Pharmaceutical Biology; 45: 88-93. https://doi.org/10.1080/13880200601105319
  • Reham G, Ibraheem IBM, Mohammed S, Rabab M (2015) Optimization of Potential Antimicrobial Activity by Chlorella marina and Navicula f. delicatula. Journal of pure and applied microbiology, 9(4): 2725-2732.
  • Renaud SM, Parry DL, Luong-Van T, Kuo C, Padovan A, Sammy N (1991) Effect of light intensity on proximate biochemical and fatty acid composition of Isochrysis sp. And Nannochloropsis oculata for use in tropical aquaculture. Journal of Applied Phycology, 3: 43-53. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00003918
  • Renaud SM, Zhou HC, Parry DL, Thinh LV, Woo KC (1995) Effect of temperature on the growth, total lipid content and fatty acid composition of recently isolated tropical microalgae Isochrysis sp., Nitzschia closterium, Nitzschia paleacea, and commercial species Isochrysis sp. (clone T.ISO). Journal of Applied Phycology, 7: 595-602. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00003948
  • Richmond A (2000) Microalgal biotechnology at the turn of the millennium: a personal view. Journal of Applied Phycology., 12(3-5): 441-451. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008123131307
  • Seepratoomrosh J, Pokethitiyook P, Meetam M, Yokthongwattana K, Yuan W, Pugkaew W, Kangvansaichol K (2016) The Effect of Light Stress and Other Culture Conditions on Photoinhibition and Growth of Dunaliella tertiolecta. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 178: 396-407. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-015-1882-x
  • Sieradzki K, Robert RB, Haber SW, Tomasz A (1999) The development of vanomycin resistance in patient with methicillin resistant S. aureus. The New England Journal of Medicine, 340: 517-523. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM199902183400704
  • Simionato D, Sforza E, Carpinelli EC, Bertucco A, Giacometti GM, Morosinotto T (2011) Acclimation of Nannochloropsis gaditana to different illumination regimes: Effects on lipids accumulation. Bioresource Technology, 102: 6026-6032. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2011.02.100
  • Skjånes K, Rebours C, Lindblad P (2013) Potential for green microalgae to produce hydrogen, pharmaceuticals and other high value products in a combined process. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology 33(2): 172-215. https://doi.org/10.3109/07388551.2012.681625
  • Strickland JDH, Persons TR (1972) A practical handbook of seawater analysis. 2nd ed. Bulletin 167. Ottawa: Fisheries Research Board of Canada: 1-311.
  • Takemura N, Iwkume T, Rusuno M (1985) Photosynthesis and Primary Production of Microcystis agruginosa in Lake Kasumigaura. Journal of Plankton Research, 7(3): 303-312. https://doi.org/10.1093/plankt/7.3.303
  • Tan X, Kong F, Yu Y, et al. (2009) Effects of Enhanced Temperature on Algae Recruitment and Phytoplankton Community Succession. China Environmental Science, 29(6): 578-582.
  • Tomas C, Hasle GR, Syverts EE, Steidinger K, Tangen K (1996) Identifying Marine Diatoms and Dinoflagellates. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012693015-3/50005-X
  • Tuney I, Cadirci BH, Unal D, Sukatar A (2006) Antimicrobial activities of the extracts of marine algae from the coast of Urla (Izmir, Turkey). Turkish Journal of Biology, 30: 171-175.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.