Risk preference of farmers and production input allocation of potato farming in Tengger highland, Indonesia
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Mamilianti W, Hanani N, Mustadjab MM, Asmara R. Risk preference of farmers and production input allocation of potato farming in Tengger highland, Indonesia. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2), 1777-1783.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Mamilianti et al., 2019)
Reference: Mamilianti, W., Hanani, N., Mustadjab, M. M., & Asmara, R. (2019). Risk preference of farmers and production input allocation of potato farming in Tengger highland, Indonesia. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), 1777-1783.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Mamilianti et al., 2019)
Reference: Mamilianti, Wenny, Nuhfil Hanani, Moch. Muslich Mustadjab, and Rosihan Asmara. "Risk preference of farmers and production input allocation of potato farming in Tengger highland, Indonesia". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 2 (2019): 1777-1783.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Mamilianti et al., 2019)
Reference: Mamilianti, W., Hanani, N., Mustadjab, M. M., and Asmara, R. (2019). Risk preference of farmers and production input allocation of potato farming in Tengger highland, Indonesia. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), pp. 1777-1783.

MLA
In-text citation: (Mamilianti et al., 2019)
Reference: Mamilianti, Wenny et al. "Risk preference of farmers and production input allocation of potato farming in Tengger highland, Indonesia". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 2, 2019, pp. 1777-1783.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Mamilianti W, Hanani N, Mustadjab MM, Asmara R. Risk preference of farmers and production input allocation of potato farming in Tengger highland, Indonesia. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2):1777-83.

Abstract

The risks in the farming sector commonly come from the climate changes and variation conditions of environment. Potatoes are the major commodity produced by famers in the high areas where high risks often occur due to the natural disasters such as erosion and volcanic eruptions. Farmers in the highland area of Tengger are hereditary farmers who have more than 20 years of potato farming experiences. However, these experiences do not ensure that they can manage the risks faced. This study aims to discover the risk preferences of potato farmers in the Tengger highland and the decision to allocate their production inputs based on the risk preferences. The analysis method employed in this study followed the risk function model developed by Just and Pope (1979). The observation area was divided into two including the highland at an altitude of more than 1900 masl and that at an altitude of 1000 masl - 1400 masl. Total respondents were 160 farmers selected by random sampling. The results indicate that the farmers of an altitude of more than 1900 masl are mostly risk takers and those in the lower level area (1000 masl - 1400 masl) are risk averse farmers. The use of seed inputs increases the risk even though farmers tend to dare to use seeds because of the thought to increase the productivity. The result of this study implies that government policies are needed in order that the risk averse farmers can increase productivity and profits.

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