Abstract

Aim: To determine the risk factors of hypertension in rural Indonesia.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a rural district in East Java, Indonesia. Using the modified WHO STEPwise approach to chronic disease risk factor surveillance (STEPS) questionnaire, variables related to the risk factors of hypertension were collected. Acquired data was analysed for significance using SPSS ver. 23.0 (IBM Corp, Armonk, USA).
Results: A total of 103 respondents participated in this study. The prevalence of hypertension in this study was 35.92%. Old age (OR = 8.25, CI 95% 1.69 – 40.31) and obesity (OR = 6.18, CI 95% 2.09 – 18.32) was found to be a significant risk factor of hypertension. While gender, education level, occupation, physical activity, and smoking habits were considered not significant.
Conclusion: Prevalence of hypertension in rural Indonesia is still high. This study highlighted age and body mass index as the significant risk factors of hypertension.

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