AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Darvish A, Amin M, Aboutorabi FHS, et al. Push-out bond strength of retrograde root-end filling materials in extracted human teeth: calcium enriched mixture cement versus Biodentine. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(1), 619-624.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Darvish et al., 2019)
Reference: Darvish, A., Amin, M., Aboutorabi, F. H. S., Aflaki, S., Davoodi, N. S., Ghaffari, A., . . . Katebi, T. (2019). Push-out bond strength of retrograde root-end filling materials in extracted human teeth: calcium enriched mixture cement versus Biodentine. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(1), 619-624.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Darvish et al., 2019)
Reference: Darvish, Alireza, Mohammadreza Amin, Farhad Haji Seyed Aboutorabi, Sare Aflaki, Nima Sheikh Davoodi, Arash Ghaffari, Meysam Khodadade, Sanaz Asgarian, and Talaye Katebi. "Push-out bond strength of retrograde root-end filling materials in extracted human teeth: calcium enriched mixture cement versus Biodentine". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 1 (2019): 619-624.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Darvish et al., 2019)
Reference: Darvish, A., Amin, M., Aboutorabi, F. H. S., Aflaki, S., Davoodi, N. S., Ghaffari, A., . . . Katebi, T. (2019). Push-out bond strength of retrograde root-end filling materials in extracted human teeth: calcium enriched mixture cement versus Biodentine. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(1), pp. 619-624.

MLA
In-text citation: (Darvish et al., 2019)
Reference: Darvish, Alireza et al. "Push-out bond strength of retrograde root-end filling materials in extracted human teeth: calcium enriched mixture cement versus Biodentine". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 1, 2019, pp. 619-624.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Darvish A, Amin M, Aboutorabi FHS, Aflaki S, Davoodi NS, Ghaffari A, et al. Push-out bond strength of retrograde root-end filling materials in extracted human teeth: calcium enriched mixture cement versus Biodentine. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(1):619-24.

Abstract

Backgrounds and aim: Root-end filling materials are applied to provide an apical seal in apicoectomy. The purpose of this study was to compare the push-out bond strength of calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement and Biodentine in extracted humanbeing teeth.
Materials and Methods: This in vitro, experimental study evaluated 40 extracted sound single-rooted mandibular premolars with mature apices. After disinfection process, the teeth were decoronated to acquire roots with 13 mm length. The root canals were instrumented using hand and rotary files and Gates-Glidden drills and filled using lateral compaction technique. The apical 3 mm of root ends was cut perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the root. The apical region was prepared to 3 mm depth using the tip of an ultrasonic instrument. The samples were then randomly divided into two groups (n=20) for root-end sealing with CEM cement and Biodentine. To assess the push-out bond strength, the apical end was cut perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the tooth to obtain circular segments with 2±0.001 mm thickness. The push-out bond strength was determined by a universal testing machine. Data were analyzed using SPSS via chi-square test.
Results: The mean bond strength of Biodentine was significantly higher than that of CEM cement (P=0.001). The maximum and minimum bond strength values were 20 MPa and 14.7 MPa for Biodentine and 13.8 MPa and 11.7 MPa for CEM cement, respectively.
Conclusion: Considering the high push-out bond strength of Biodentine, it can be successfully used as a retrograde root-end filling material in endodontic surgery.

References

  • Armstrong S, Geraldeli S, Maia R, et al. (2010) Adhesion to tooth structure: a critical review of ‘‘micro’’ bond strength test methods. Dent Mater, 26: e50–62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2009.11.155
  • Asgary S, Eghbal M, Parirokh M, Ghoddusi J (2009) Effect of two storage solutions on surface topography of two rootend fillings. Aust Endod J, 35(3):147-52. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-4477.2008.00137.x
  • Asgary S, Eghbal MJ, Parirokh M (2008a) Sealing ability of a novel endodontic cement as a root-end filling material. J Biomed Mater Res A, 87: 706-9. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.a.31678
  • Asgary S, Shahabi S, Jafarzadeh T, Amini S, Kheirieh S (2008b) The properties of a new endodontic material. J Endod, 34: 990-3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2008.05.006
  • Atmeh AR, Chong EZ, Richard G, et al. (2012) Dentin-cement interfacial interaction: calcium silicates and polyalkenoates. J Dent Res, 91: 454–9. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022034512443068
  • Bernardes RA, Moraes IG, Garcia RB, Bernardineli N, Baldi JV, Victorino FR, et al. (2007) Evaluation of apical cavity preparation with a new type of ultrasonic diamond tip. J Endod, 33: 484-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2006.12.019
  • Biodentine Active Biosilicate Technology Scientific File, Septodont, Paris, France.
  • Camilleri J, Sorrentino F, Damidot D (2013) Investigation of the hydration and bioactivity of radiopacified tricalcium silicate cement, Biodentine and MTA Angelus. Dent Mater, 29: 580–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2013.03.007
  • Chen WP, Chen YY, Huang SH, Lin CP (2013) Limitations of push-out test in bond strength measurement. Journal of endodontics, 39(2): 283-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2012.11.002
  • Dugas NN, Lawrence HP, Teplitsky PE, Pharoah MJ, Friedman S (2003) Periapical health and treatment quality assessment of root-filled teeth in two Canadian populations. Int Endod J, 36: 181–92. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2591.2003.00640.x
  • Economides N, Pantelidou O, Kokkas A, Tziafas D (2003) Short-term periradicular tissue response to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as root-end filling material. Int Endod J, 36: 44-8. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0143-2885.2003.00611.x
  • EL-Ma’aita AM, Qualtrough AJ, Watts DC (2013) The effect of smear layer on the push-out bond strength of root canal calcium silicate cements. Dental Materials, 29(7): 797-803. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2013.04.020
  • Ghazvini SA, Tabrizi MA, Kobarfard F, Baghban AA, Asgary S (2009) Ion release and pH of a new endodontic cement, MTA and Portland cement. Iranian endodontic journal, 4(2): 74.
  • Glickman GN, Hartwell GR (2008) Endodontic Surgery In: Ingle JI, Bakland LK. Endodontics. 6th Ed. Hamilton,Ontario: BC-Decker, Chaps 29, 33: 1019-1054, 1233-1294.
  • Gondim E Jr, Gomes BP, Ferraz CC, Teixeira FB, Souza- Filho FJ (2002) Effect of sonic and ultrasonic retrograde cavity preparation on the integrity of root apices of freshly extracted human teeth: scanning election microscopy analysis. J Endod., 28(9): 646-50. https://doi.org/10.1097/00004770-200209000-00005
  • Goracci C, Tavares AU, Fabianelli A, et al. (2004) The adhesion between fiber posts and root canal walls: comparison between microtensile and push-out bond strength measurements. Eur J Oral Sci, 112: 353–61. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0722.2004.00146.x
  • ISO/TS 11405:2015 - Dentistry -- Testing of adhesion to tooth structure. Retrieved from https://www.iso.org/standard/62898.html
  • Kim JR, Nosrat A, Fouad AF (2015) Interfacial characteristics of Biodentine and MTA with dentine in simulated body fluid. Journal of dentistry, 43(2): 241-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2014.11.004
  • Li S, Roy DM (1988) Preparation and characterization of high and low CaO/SiO 2 ratio “pure” C–S–H for chemically bonded ceramics. Journal of Materials Research, 3(2): 380-6. https://doi.org/10.1557/JMR.1988.0380
  • Majeed A, AlShwaimi E (2017) Push-Out Bond Strength and Surface Microhardness of Calcium Silicate-Based Biomaterials. Med Princ Pract, 26: 139–45. https://doi.org/10.1159/000453455
  • Nikhade P, Kela S, Chandak M, Chandwani N, Adwani F (2016) Comparative Evaluation of Push-Out Bond Strength of Calcium Silicate Based Materials: An Ex-Vivo Study. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences, (11): 65-8.
  • Ørstavik D, Pitt Ford TR (1998) Apical periodontitis: microbial infection and host responses. In: Ørstavik D, Pitt Ford TR, eds. Essential endodontology: prevention and treatment of apical periodontitis. Oxford: Blackwell Science: 1–8.
  • Pane ES, Palamara JE, Messer HH (2013) Critical evaluation of the push-out test for root canal filling materials. J Endod, 39: 669–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2012.12.032
  • Pelliccioni GA, Ciapetti G, Cenni E, Granchi D, Nanni M, Pagani S, et al. (2004) Evaluation of osteoblast-like cell response to Proroot MTA (mineral trioxide aggregate) cement. J Mater Sci Mater Med, 15: 167-73. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JMSM.0000011819.26935.47
  • Rainwater A, Jeansonne BG, Sarkar N (2000) Effects of ultrasonic root-end preparation on microcrack formation and leakage. J Endod., 26(2): 72-5. https://doi.org/10.1097/00004770-200002000-00003
  • Rajasekharan S, Martens LC, Cauwels RG, Verbeeck RM (2014) Biodentine™ material characteristics and clinical applications: a review of the literature. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry, 15(3): 147-58. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40368-014-0114-3
  • Saghiri MA, Garcia-Godoy F, Gutmann JL, et al. (2013) Push-out bond strength of a nano-modified mineral trioxide aggregate. Dent Traumatol, 29: 323–7. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-9657.2012.01176.x
  • Sahebi S, Sobhnamayan F, Naghizade S (2016) The effects of various endodontic irrigants on the push-out bond strength of calcium-enriched mixture cement and mineral trioxide aggregate. Iranian endodontic journal, 11(4): 280.
  • Soares CJ, Santana FR, Castro CG, et al. (2008) Finite element analysis and bond strength of a glass post to intraradicular dentin: comparison between microtensile and pushout tests. Dent Mater, 24: 1405–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2008.03.004
  • Sobhnamayan F, Adl A, Sadat Shojaee N, Gavahian S (2015) The Effect of Chlorhexidine on the Push-Out Bond Strength of Calcium-Enriched Mixture Cement. Iranian Endodontic Journal, 10(1): 59-63.
  • Tomás-Catalá CJ, Collado-González M, García-Bernal D, Oñate-Sánchez RE, Forner L, Llena C, Lozano A, Moraleda JM, Rodríguez-Lozano FJ (2018) Biocompatibility of new pulp-capping materials NeoMTA plus, MTA repair HP, and biodentine on human dental pulp stem cells. Journal of endodontics, 44(1): 126-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2017.07.017
  • Torabinejad M, Walton R (2009) Endodontics: Principles & practice. 4th Ed. St. Louis. Missouri: W.B.Sunders, Elsevier, Chap 24: 424-44.
  • Violich DR, Chandler NP (2010) The smear layer in endodontics – a review. International Endodontic Journal, 43: 2–15. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2591.2009.01627.x
  • Vivan RR, Guerreiro-Tanomaru JM, Bosso-Martelo R, Costa BC, Duarte MA, Tanomaru-Filho M (2016) Push-out bond strength of root-end filling materials. Brazilian dental journal, 27(3): 332-5. https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-6440201600340
  • Zhu Q, Haglund R, Safavi KE, Spangberg LS (2000) Adhesion of human osteoblasts on root-end filling materials. J Endod, 26: 404-6. https://doi.org/10.1097/00004770-200007000-00006

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.