Profiling of phenolic compounds in the grains of the genus Secale L. using HPLC technique
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 1, pp. 623-627
  • Published Online: 15 Mar 2020
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)


Background: Secale is an annual or perennial grasses from the Poaceae family represented in Iraq by three wild species, from which Rye (S.cereale) grew as a weed in Wheat fields. Rye represented a grain crop in the world used for different purposes such as alcoholic beverages, food, grazed forage. Methodology: This paper outlines the differences in concentrations of 10 different compounds determined by HPLC technique in three species of the genus Secale L. in Iraq. The content of most compounds are variable in the species. Results: High content of Gentisic acid are recorded in S.montanum Guss. and S.cereale while less content are observed for Luteolin-7-glucopyranoside. S.afghanicum (Vav.) Rozhev. reveals high content of Coumaric acid and less content of Anthocyanins. So the results indicate that the three species of the genus Secale represent a valuable source of biologically active constituents which can enhancing the separation of species by means of chemotaxonomic techniques. Conclusion: The situations of differences in concentrations of phenolic compounds play an important role in identification and separation between species studied which can be easily used as a chemotaxonomic tool.


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