AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Kargayeva MT, Baimukanov DA, Karynbayev AK, Alikhanov O, Zhunusov AM. Productive-biological features of aday breed kazakh horses. Eurasia J Biosci. 2020;14(1), 329-335.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Kargayeva et al., 2020)
Reference: Kargayeva, M. T., Baimukanov, D. A., Karynbayev, A. K., Alikhanov, O., & Zhunusov, A. M. (2020). Productive-biological features of aday breed kazakh horses. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 14(1), 329-335.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Kargayeva et al., 2020)
Reference: Kargayeva, M. T., D. A. Baimukanov, A. K. Karynbayev, O. Alikhanov, and A. M. Zhunusov. "Productive-biological features of aday breed kazakh horses". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2020 14 no. 1 (2020): 329-335.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Kargayeva et al., 2020)
Reference: Kargayeva, M. T., Baimukanov, D. A., Karynbayev, A. K., Alikhanov, O., and Zhunusov, A. M. (2020). Productive-biological features of aday breed kazakh horses. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 14(1), pp. 329-335.

MLA
In-text citation: (Kargayeva et al., 2020)
Reference: Kargayeva, M. T. et al. "Productive-biological features of aday breed kazakh horses". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 14, no. 1, 2020, pp. 329-335.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Kargayeva MT, Baimukanov DA, Karynbayev AK, Alikhanov O, Zhunusov AM. Productive-biological features of aday breed kazakh horses. Eurasia J Biosci. 2020;14(1):329-35.

Abstract

Milk mares of Aday breed Kazakh horses have an average live weight of 389.2 kg, a height at the withers of 139.2 cm, an obliquus body length of 142.1 cm, a chest girth of 167.6 cm and a pastern girth of 17.5 cm. In stud getters of Aday breed Kazakh horses, the live weight averaged 438.7 kg and in the Mangistau population 449.8 kg. The measurements of the body were 145.2 - 147.5 - 169.8 - 18.5 cm in the Aday breed, and in the Mangistau population, respectively, were 145.6 - 148.1 - 172.2 -18.5 cm. Mares of the Aday breed with an average live weight of 389.2 kg produce 1617.0 l, and the Mangistau population, respectively, 415.3 kg – 1413 l of milk. It was found that 2.5-year-old stallions of the Aday breed are characterized by a higher bone ratio in comparison with peers of the Mangistau population, the difference was 1.7%. On the contrary, the yield of flesh is lower in stallions of the Aday breed in comparison with the Mangistau population by 10.6 kg or 6.7%. So, for 1 kg of bones, the flesh was obtained from stallions of the Mangistau population of 5.76 kg, and Aday breed of 5.05 kg. The population-genetic structure of the Aday breed Kazakh horses shows the differentiation of the population as a whole. The total number of alleles found in 17 microsatellite loci was 122, including informative alleles - 122, effective alleles - 99.28, and private alleles - 0. Indicators of the average expected heterozygosity range from 0.7235 to 0.8695. According to the Fis coefficient (individual fixation index), an excess of heterozygotes was found in all loci. Expected heterozygosity is He =0.8677, observed heterozygosity is Ho =0.8600. The analysis of the studied parameters of the population-genetic structure of the Aday breed Kazakh horses confirmed the presence of intra-population differentiation of animals in the conditions of the Mangyshlak peninsula.

References

  • Akimbekov AR, Baimukanov DA, Yuldashbayev YuA (2018) Meat productivity of the young stock of the Kazakh Jabe horses after the autumn fattening. Bulletin of national academy of sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan. – Almaty 4(374): 47–56.
  • Akimbekov AR, Baimukanov DA, Yuldashbayev YuA, Demin VA, Iskhan KZh (2017) Horse breeding (ISBN 978-5-906923-27-1). - Moscow: COURSE: INFRA-M: – p.400.
  • Akimbekov AR, Iskhan KZh, Aldanazarov SS, Aubakirov KhA, Karynbayev AK, Rzabayev TS, Geminguli Mukhatai Asylbekov SB, Baimukanov AD (2019) Meat productivity of young stock of the Kazakh horse of Jabe type in the conditions of the Almaty region. Bulletin of national academy of sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan 2(378): 146–160. https://doi.org/10.32014/2019.2518-1467.51
  • Baimukanov DA, Tarchokov TT, Alentayev AS, Yuldashbayev YuA, Doshanov DA (2016) Fundamentals of genetics and biometrics: Training manual (ISBN 978-601-310-078-4). - Almaty: Evero: p.128.
  • Barmintsev YuN (1954) Kazakh horse of Zhabe type and prospects for its breeding. Horse breeding 5: 6-13.
  • Chirgin ED, Onegov AV (2013) Application of different variants of selection in dairy horse breeding. Horse breeding and riding. – Moscow 5: 25-27.
  • Chirgin ED, Semenov VG (2018) Growth and development of breeding young horses of Russian heavy-duty breed in JSC «Plemzavod «Semenovsky». Bulletin of the Chuvash State Agricultural Academy. – Cheboksary 3(6): 66-71.
  • Development of meat droving horse breeding in Russia / Guidelines (ISBN 978-5-7367-0674-2). –Moscow: Rosinformagrotekh. – p.176.
  • Fedotov PA (1981) Horse breeding. - Moscow: Kolos: p.312.
  • Iskhan KZh, Akimbekov AR, Baimukanov AD, Aubakirov KhA, Karynbayev AK, Rzabayev TS, Geminguli Mukhatai Dzhunusova RZ, Apeev KB (2019a) Dairy productivity of the Kazakh horse mares and their cross breeds with roadsters. Bulletin of national academy of sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan 3(379): 22–35. https://doi.org/10.32014/2019.2518-1467.65
  • Iskhan KZh, Demin VA, Yuldashbayev YuA, Baymukanov AD (2019b) Zootechnical features of herd horses. Achievements of science and technology of APC 33(9): 57-60. https://doi.org/10.24411/0235-2451
  • Manual for the evaluation of local breeds of Kazakhstan (2014) Astana: – p.22.
  • Methods for determining the meat productivity of horses (1974) Institute of Horse Breeding, Moscow: 5-22.
  • Mursalimov VS, Satyev BKh (1988) Bashkir horse (ISBN 5-295-00092-3). - Ufa: Bask. publ. h: – p.160.
  • Nechayev IN (1962) Meat qualities of Zhabe type horses // Horse breeding and equestrian sport 3: 14-16.
  • Nurbayev SD, Ombayev AM, Karatayeva MB, Tugelbayeva AK, Khamzina ZhM, Kobikbayeva AM (2017) Copyright certificate. The automated workplace of the zootechnician-breeder (the computer program. Entry in the register No. 2122 dated 8.09.2017 Ministry of justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan (in Russ.).
  • Saigin IA (1963) Meat and dairy horse breeding. Agricultural production of the Urals 5: 12-14.
  • Statistical Package for the Social Sciences v.17. Retrieved from http://www.spss.com
  • Svechin KB, Bobylev IF, Hopka BM (1992) Horse breeding (ISBN 5-10-001149-1). - Moscow: Kolos: – p.270.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.