Preparation and characterization of nanohybrid-doxycycline and evaluation its inhibitory activity on locally isolated acinetobacter baumannii
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 1, pp. 1787-1794
  • Published Online: 29 Jun 2020
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)

Abstract

Acinetobacter baumannii has shown high levels of resistance to antibiotics through a variety of mechanisms, creating very dangerous extensive Drug resistant (XDR) bacterial strains. One approach to meet this challenge is to design drugs, which are medically safe and have activity against resistant organisms. Doxycycline –zinc oxide a nanohybrid (DOX-ZnO) was prepared using direct ion exchange. The new nanohybrid antibiotic was identified by spectrophotometer devices, such as, FT-IR, XRD and AFM. The percentage of the nanohybride antibiotic loaded between zinc oxide layers was determined by using CHN device. Release mechanisms of doxycycline was monitored photometrically in phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) and acetate buffer (pH 5.2). The antimicrobial activity tests of DOX-ZnO and the synergic activity of DOX-ZnO with meropenem antibiotic were performed using agar diffusion methods on A. baumannii isolates. The results were showed appearance of new groups in DOX-ZnO spectrum in FTIR, which indicates the formation of new compound. The X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) spectrum revealed the appearance of new diffraction planes in the nanohybrid antibiotic spectrum in compare with spectrum of zinc oxid. The average particles diameters measured by AFM was 76.24 nm. The percentage of nano hybrid Doxycycline loaded between zinc oxide layers was 59.2%. Doxycycline release from zinc oxide layers in acetate buffer and phosphate buffer was 89.71% respectively. The antimicrobial activity of DOX-ZnO was showed inhibitory effect on isolated bacteria with highly synergic effect with meropenem antibiotic.

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