Potential of biological treatments for control of bacterial canker of tomato incited by Clavibacter michiganensis spp michiganensis in Morocco
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Moustaine M, El Kahkahi R, Benbouazza A, Benkirane R, Achbani EH. Potential of biological treatments for control of bacterial canker of tomato incited by Clavibacter michiganensis spp michiganensis in Morocco. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2), 1481-1488.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Moustaine et al., 2019)
Reference: Moustaine, M., El Kahkahi, R., Benbouazza, A., Benkirane, R., & Achbani, E. H. (2019). Potential of biological treatments for control of bacterial canker of tomato incited by Clavibacter michiganensis spp michiganensis in Morocco. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), 1481-1488.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Moustaine et al., 2019)
Reference: Moustaine, Meryama, Rahal El Kahkahi, Abdellatif Benbouazza, Rachid Benkirane, and El Hassan Achbani. "Potential of biological treatments for control of bacterial canker of tomato incited by Clavibacter michiganensis spp michiganensis in Morocco". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 2 (2019): 1481-1488.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Moustaine et al., 2019)
Reference: Moustaine, M., El Kahkahi, R., Benbouazza, A., Benkirane, R., and Achbani, E. H. (2019). Potential of biological treatments for control of bacterial canker of tomato incited by Clavibacter michiganensis spp michiganensis in Morocco. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), pp. 1481-1488.

MLA
In-text citation: (Moustaine et al., 2019)
Reference: Moustaine, Meryama et al. "Potential of biological treatments for control of bacterial canker of tomato incited by Clavibacter michiganensis spp michiganensis in Morocco". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 2, 2019, pp. 1481-1488.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Moustaine M, El Kahkahi R, Benbouazza A, Benkirane R, Achbani EH. Potential of biological treatments for control of bacterial canker of tomato incited by Clavibacter michiganensis spp michiganensis in Morocco. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2):1481-8.

Abstract

The Gram-positive bacterium Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. Michiganensis (Cmm), causal agent of bacterial wilt and canker of tomato, is an economically devastating pathogen that inflicts considerable damage throughout all major tomato producing regions. Three rhizobacteria strains Bacillus cereus, Pantoea agglomerans and Serratia proteamaculans were screened for antagonistic activity against for Cmm of tomato in Morocco. The largest inhibition zones strain Cmm was most inhibited by Pantoea agglomerans with mean inhibition zone diameters of up to 22mm. All bacteria-based treatments were found to be more effective in suppressing the disease in cropping season. The results showed that Pantoea agglomerans reduced 70% of the onset of disease symptoms, Serratia proteamaculans 45% and Bacillus cereus 75%. Significant variations in reduction of disease incidence, enhancement in plant growth and yield were observed in tomato plants treated with these PGPR strains as compared to the control.

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