Plants diversity as a medicinal plants by the Tengger Tribe, Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, East Java, Indonesia
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Rohman F, Juma Y, Sulisetijono, et al. Plants diversity as a medicinal plants by the Tengger Tribe, Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, East Java, Indonesia. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2), 2293-2298.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Rohman et al., 2019)
Reference: Rohman, F., Juma, Y., Sulisetijono, Utomo, D. H., Purwanto, Lestari, S. R., . . . Putra, W. E. (2019). Plants diversity as a medicinal plants by the Tengger Tribe, Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, East Java, Indonesia. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), 2293-2298.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Rohman et al., 2019)
Reference: Rohman, Fatchur, Yusri Juma, Sulisetijono, Dwiyono Hari Utomo, Purwanto, Sri Rahayu Lestari, Siti Nur Arifah, and Wira Eka Putra. "Plants diversity as a medicinal plants by the Tengger Tribe, Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, East Java, Indonesia". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 2 (2019): 2293-2298.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Rohman et al., 2019)
Reference: Rohman, F., Juma, Y., Sulisetijono, Utomo, D. H., Purwanto, Lestari, S. R., . . . Putra, W. E. (2019). Plants diversity as a medicinal plants by the Tengger Tribe, Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, East Java, Indonesia. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), pp. 2293-2298.

MLA
In-text citation: (Rohman et al., 2019)
Reference: Rohman, Fatchur et al. "Plants diversity as a medicinal plants by the Tengger Tribe, Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, East Java, Indonesia". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 2, 2019, pp. 2293-2298.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Rohman F, Juma Y, Sulisetijono, Utomo DH, Purwanto, Lestari SR, et al. Plants diversity as a medicinal plants by the Tengger Tribe, Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, East Java, Indonesia. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2):2293-8.

Abstract

Globally, Indonesia is considered as the second mega biodiversity country right after Brazil. Importantly, Indonesia has numerous ethnic groups, one of them is Tengger Tribe. Tengger tribe is one of the native Javanese inhabitants of Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (TNBTS) area. Tengger tribe is known to have perseverance in maintaining values, traditions and culture, in the midst of the current changing era. The local people of the Tengger tribe use plants as a primaryneeds for fulfillment such as medicinal uses, food sources including animal feed, industry and households, building materials, ecology, and traditional rituals. This knowledge will hereditary passed down from generation to generation by the ancestors of the community. The purpose of this study was to encourage Tengger tribe local wisdom and as a conservation tools for plants in there. Based on key informants and Tengger local people interviews, there were 24 species of plants that used by the Tengger tribe in various aspects. Analysis of data from 24 species of plants using index of cultural significance (ICS) showed that there were four species of plants that have high ICS values namely Physalis angulate, Solanum bateceaum, Eupatorium inofolium, and Foeniculum vulgare with 4.11%, 8.88%, 25.60%, and 78.36% values respectively. Commonly, all of those species were practically used for medicinal purposes. Tengger tribe has their own methods to prepare medicinal herb, the method called ‘dekok’. Based on ICS analysis, plants especially Foeniculum vulgare has high impact on Tengger tribe lives and Tengger tribe also has knowledge on how to use those plants.

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