Opportunistic mycoses among hepatitis patients in Iraq
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 2, pp. 3653-3656
  • Published Online: 30 Sep 2020
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)

Abstract

Opportunistic mycoses are the human fungal infections associated with immunocompromised patients. Due to wide world incidences of Hepatitis infections, Opportunistic mycoses became more prevalence among patients with Hepatitis A virus (HAV) , Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C virus ( HCV) in Iraq. The current study focused on detection of Candida species as an opportunistic mycoses causative agents among HAV, HBV and HCV patients admitted to Misan Hospitals in Iraq. A swab samples from oral cavity were taken from patients with HAV, HBV and HCV during 1st Jan 2018 – 31 December 2018. The present study revealed that Sub- districts residents recorded higher number of viral infections (53) compared with urban residents (37). From total of 90 samples infected with Hepatitis viruses (HAV 40 , HBV 40 , and 10 with HCV) ,11 (27.5%) samples were infected with opportunistic mycoses among HAV patients , 19 (47.5%) from HBV patients and  7( 70%) from HCV patients, whereas Control Group  revealed 14 infections only with Candida species from total of 90 samples (15.5%).  The study recorded   different fungal species from oral cavity included: Candida albicans (32), C.krusei (2), C.dubliniensis(1), C.tropicalis (1) ,and Fusarium verticillioides (1).

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