Legal problems of forming genetic information banks in Russia

Abstract

The topicality of the research topic is due to the expansion of national and interstate initiatives on genome research which have significant potential for human health research. This scientific article is aimed at revealing the problems of legal regulation of formation of genetic information banks and elaboration of concrete proposals on improvement of modern legislation. The methods of study of this problem are: empirical methods of comparison, interpretation; theoretical methods of formal and dialectical logic; private scientific methods: comparative law and method of interpretation of legal norms. The article presents conceptual approaches to determining the legal nature of genetic information banks; reveals the specific features of genetic information, which determine the mechanisms for protecting genetic data; makes recommendations for the development in the legal regulation of the relations under study. The materials of the article represent practical value for scientists and practitioners involved in the legal support for the circulation of genetic information. The novelty and originality of the research consists in the fact that it considers the concept and goals of formation of genetic information banks, types of genetic information structured in them and existing problems of legal support for databases.

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