Investigations of primary grain and sorghum materials in the South Kazakhstan region and development of methods for selecting their new varieties and hybrids

Abstract

In this article. Sorghum is a widely used crop in the world land cultivation since ancient times. It is cultivated in over 50 million hectares in 85 countries in the dry, semi-dry and insufficiently irrigated world. In our country is used as a food and feed crop, which is produced as a vegetable and nutrient and green mass of straw, sugar syrup, nutritional wheat.
The purpose and objectives of the study are to study the primary materials of succulent and sucrose and to obtain high quality, drought-resistant, high-quality, varieties and hybrids that are resistant to diseases and pests. 
Scientific novelty. For the first time, a new sugar material was obtained from 400 different types of specimens as the starting material. 480 hybrids were extracted between grains and sugar species.
Selected hybrids and sampling varieties with valuable features and properties have been selected for the sampling work. One of the varieties of sugar sampling and one of the suction samples was extracted and sent to the state sample with the participation of the author.
Result of the research. The fertilization of the seeds is largely due to the fact that their ripening, harvesting and storage are the case. Maturity period depends largely on sowing time. The danger of early sowing is that the seeds may bleed and die at low soil temperatures, if the weather conditions are favorable for vegetable growing, the late maturing collection varieties are well matured. The late sowing provides quick growth of sprouts and facilitates the fight against weed grass, but the late moisture seeds that come late in early September are at risk of damaging ice crystals and endosperms, which significantly reduces fertilization.

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