Abstract

About 2 percent of the total population of Iran are nomads. Despite the fact that the population of the nomadic community is less than the population of the urban community and the rural community and the products of this society are more than urban’s and rural’s societies products but their uses of facilities and services are less than urban and rural communities. There are documented reasons for this claim: having over 24 million livestock units (equivalent to 28% light livestock and 4% heavy livestock), producing more than 20% of red meat and producing over 1.5 million square meters of country handicrafts by nomads. This society, with possession of 60% of the geographic space of Iran and 38% of its pastures, plays a very important role from the standpoint of non-operational defense as well as national security in Iran. Also, products of this society, as the first ring of the production chain, support other businesses outside the nomadic areas in the fields of industry, commerce, and services, etc. The set of these capabilities identifies the status of local communities and nomadic areas in Iran’s economic, social and environmental equations and emphasizes the need to examine and determine the best sustainable development strategy for these regions and the local community active in it This article, by studying and identifying the internal and external factors affecting the local community and nomadic areas, by highly applicable scientific and practical method, Called SWOT method, draws the interaction matrix of these factors. In this way, the best strategy for the sustainable development of nomadic areas of Iran, based on the rights of local communities will be defined and presented. Obviously, by adopting the best sustainable development strategy in the nomadic areas of the country, the next step will be to provide the best sustainable development model for the nomadic areas of the country and Local society active in it.

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