AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Akharaiyi FC, Odiedi OO, Johnson JA, Oluwafemi FS. Inhibitory effect and preliminary phytochemical screening of some ornamental plants against some bacteria pathogens. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2), 899-908.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Akharaiyi et al., 2019)
Reference: Akharaiyi, F. C., Odiedi, O. O., Johnson, J. A., & Oluwafemi, F. S. (2019). Inhibitory effect and preliminary phytochemical screening of some ornamental plants against some bacteria pathogens. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), 899-908.

In-text citation: (Akharaiyi et al., 2019)
Reference: Akharaiyi, Fred Coolborn, Oke-Oghene Onyinnoyi Odiedi, Jonathan Abidemi Johnson, and Funmilayo Stella Oluwafemi. "Inhibitory effect and preliminary phytochemical screening of some ornamental plants against some bacteria pathogens". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 2 (2019): 899-908.

In-text citation: (Akharaiyi et al., 2019)
Reference: Akharaiyi, F. C., Odiedi, O. O., Johnson, J. A., and Oluwafemi, F. S. (2019). Inhibitory effect and preliminary phytochemical screening of some ornamental plants against some bacteria pathogens. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), pp. 899-908.

In-text citation: (Akharaiyi et al., 2019)
Reference: Akharaiyi, Fred Coolborn et al. "Inhibitory effect and preliminary phytochemical screening of some ornamental plants against some bacteria pathogens". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 2, 2019, pp. 899-908.

In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Akharaiyi FC, Odiedi OO, Johnson JA, Oluwafemi FS. Inhibitory effect and preliminary phytochemical screening of some ornamental plants against some bacteria pathogens. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2):899-08.


Background: Bacterial resistance to the drugs known for their treatment is on the increase, therefore suggesting the need to search for dependable natural products as alternative for cure and prevention. Efforts in this regard have focused on plants because of their use historically and the large portions of the world’s population relying on plants for the treatment of infectious and non-infectious diseases.
Methods: Some ornamental plants’ extracts in compares with commercial antibiotics were tested in vitro on Salmonella typhi, Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis for medicinal values. Quantitative and qualitative phytochemicals; free radical scavenging capacity, ferric reducing antioxidant property and hydroxyl radical scavenging of the plants’ extracts were determined by chemical methods.
Results: Varied degrees of inhibition and in some cases resistance were observed with the extracts on the four bacteria species. However, highest inhibition of 30.33±0.35 mm was recorded on Salmonella typhimurium, followed by S. epidermidis with zone of 30.00±0.00 mm both with H. crepitans extract. Cotrimozazole most inhibited Salmonella typhimurium with a zone of 29 mm and followed by ofloxacin with a zone of 27.33 mm on S. epidermidis. MIC activity of the extract was between 12.5 – 50 mg/ml and MBC activity from 25 – 100 mg/ml.
Conclusions: Valuable antibacterial effect of the plants’ extracts correlating with the phytochemicals and antioxidants potentials, suggest the plants acceptability for folklore and could be of universal recognition for handling diseases that plaque around us mostly in some urban and rural communities where modern medicine are not affordable and accessible by the poor.


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