Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence and distribution of impaction permanent teeth among orthodontic patient samples and to compare the present results with findings of other populations. A digital panoramic radiograph of 2500 orthodontic patients, age 12-40 years, for two years duration (2018-2019) were used in this study to identify 157 patients with impacted teeth. Whole permanent teeth were included except 3rd molar. The presence, number and depth of all the impacted teeth either soft tissue impaction (STI) and bony- impactions (BI) were recorded and a statistics analysis was done by using SPSS. The results of present study show that the prevalence of impacted teeth was 6.28%. The teeth impaction was more commonly in younger population and the impaction in females more than in males. The maxillary canine was the most frequently impacted tooth and most of the patients had unilateral impacted teeth. The bony impaction was more than soft tissue impaction. It can be concluded that the Impacted teeth prevalence in a group of the orthodontic patients was within the average value of the majority of published studies in the literature. the impaction was significantly more prevalent in females. In orthodontics, the impacted teeth play a critical part in aesthetics, occlusion and arch development. The early recognition of these dental anomalies is very important to offer preventive modalities of management.

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