Humus status of typical black soil under different intensity of arable land usage
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2019 - Volume 13 Issue 2, pp. 1317-1321
  • Published Online: 27 Sep 2019
  • Article Views: 56 | Article Download: 27
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Karabutov AP, Tyutyunov SI, Solovichenko VD. Humus status of typical black soil under different intensity of arable land usage. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2), 1317-1321.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Karabutov et al., 2019)
Reference: Karabutov, A. P., Tyutyunov, S. I., & Solovichenko, V. D. (2019). Humus status of typical black soil under different intensity of arable land usage. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), 1317-1321.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Karabutov et al., 2019)
Reference: Karabutov, A. P., S. I. Tyutyunov, and V. D. Solovichenko. "Humus status of typical black soil under different intensity of arable land usage". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 2 (2019): 1317-1321.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Karabutov et al., 2019)
Reference: Karabutov, A. P., Tyutyunov, S. I., and Solovichenko, V. D. (2019). Humus status of typical black soil under different intensity of arable land usage. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), pp. 1317-1321.

MLA
In-text citation: (Karabutov et al., 2019)
Reference: Karabutov, A. P. et al. "Humus status of typical black soil under different intensity of arable land usage". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 2, 2019, pp. 1317-1321.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Karabutov AP, Tyutyunov SI, Solovichenko VD. Humus status of typical black soil under different intensity of arable land usage. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2):1317-21.

Abstract

In the absence of perennial grasses in the structure of crop rotation and without manure usage, the humus content in the layer of 0-30 cm of typical black soil decreased by 0.19-0.33% over 25 years, and with their presence it increased by 0.10-0.61%. Mineral fertilizers, which are the main method of intensification of agriculture, contributed to the increase in humus content in the crop rotation with perennial grasses and the presence of 20% of row crops in its structure, led to a decrease in the rate of dehumification in the crop rotation with 40% of row crops and led to an increase in dehumification in the crop rotation with 60% of row and fallow in its structure. Methods of increasing humus content, such as the cultivation of perennial grasses and introduction of manure, created the preconditions for the strengthening of fulvic acid content in humus in half-meter layer of the soil and the presence of humin, however, the type of humus remained fulvic. With depth, these techniques caused a decrease in saturation of humus with nitrogen, and thus provided better conditions for humification in the layer 30-50 cm than in the layer 0-30 cm. Methods of soil treatment changed only the quantitative redistribution of humus on the soil profile, but did not affect its content and quality.

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