Fostering coffee agroforestry for agrotourism development in degraded land in a buffer zone of a national park: A case study from Poncokusumo, Malang, Indonesia
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Hakim L, Siswanto D, Rahardi B, Zayadi H. Fostering coffee agroforestry for agrotourism development in degraded land in a buffer zone of a national park: A case study from Poncokusumo, Malang, Indonesia. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2), 1613-1620.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Hakim et al., 2019)
Reference: Hakim, L., Siswanto, D., Rahardi, B., & Zayadi, H. (2019). Fostering coffee agroforestry for agrotourism development in degraded land in a buffer zone of a national park: A case study from Poncokusumo, Malang, Indonesia. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), 1613-1620.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Hakim et al., 2019)
Reference: Hakim, Luchman, Dian Siswanto, Brian Rahardi, and Hasan Zayadi. "Fostering coffee agroforestry for agrotourism development in degraded land in a buffer zone of a national park: A case study from Poncokusumo, Malang, Indonesia". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 2 (2019): 1613-1620.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Hakim et al., 2019)
Reference: Hakim, L., Siswanto, D., Rahardi, B., and Zayadi, H. (2019). Fostering coffee agroforestry for agrotourism development in degraded land in a buffer zone of a national park: A case study from Poncokusumo, Malang, Indonesia. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), pp. 1613-1620.

MLA
In-text citation: (Hakim et al., 2019)
Reference: Hakim, Luchman et al. "Fostering coffee agroforestry for agrotourism development in degraded land in a buffer zone of a national park: A case study from Poncokusumo, Malang, Indonesia". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 2, 2019, pp. 1613-1620.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Hakim L, Siswanto D, Rahardi B, Zayadi H. Fostering coffee agroforestry for agrotourism development in degraded land in a buffer zone of a national park: A case study from Poncokusumo, Malang, Indonesia. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2):1613-20.

Abstract

Landscapes of Poncokusumo district (Malang, East Java) to support biodiversity conservation in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park are under threat. Two threats have been identified, namely increase of sand mining in farmland and the rapid changes of sustainable agroforestry system in intensified farms. Coffee-based agroforestry as one of the important land use categories in biodiversity conservation still exists in limited numbers. This study identified some species of woody trees in the agroforestry system, in which it is important to build and restore the agroforestry in Poncokusumo district, especially for coffee-based agroforestry restoration programs. There are opportunities and possibilities to integrate coffee-based agroforestry and tourism-development programs. The area of Poncokusumo has been identified as containing numerous tourist attractions, in which it is important to stimulate tourism development in potential coffee-based agroforestry areas. The coffee-based agrotourism is located in the corridor system of tourism in the western area of the national park. Some fundamental aspects toward the success of the integration of coffee-based agroforestry and tourism should be highlighted, namely assessing the physical character of the area, evaluating tourist attractions and accessibility, promoting integrated spatial planning approach and implementing sustainable agriculture farming.

References

  • Baud-Bovy M, Lawson F (1998) Tourism and Recreation: Handbook of Planning and Design. Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd., Oxford.
  • Bishaw B (2001) Deforestation and land degredation in the Ethiopian highlands: a strategy for physical recovery. Northeast African Studies, 8: 7-25. https://doi.org/10.1353/nas.2005.0014
  • Bruci E, Nesturi E, Kadiu E, Apostoli S (2012) The role of agritourism on biodiversity and ecosystem. International Journal of Ecosystems and Ecology Science (IJEES), 2: 443-448.
  • Dixon JA, Sherman PB (1990) Economic of Protected Areas: A New Look at Benefits and Cost. Earthscan Publication, London.
  • Ellis F (2000) Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries. Oxford university press, Oxford.
  • Feintrenie L, Schwarze S, Levang P (2010) Are local people conservationists? Analysis of transition dynamics from agroforests to monoculture plantations in Indonesia. Ecology and Society, 15: 37. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-03870-150437
  • Garcia CA, Bhagwat SA, Ghazoul J, Nath CD, Nanaya KM, Kushalappa CG, Vaast P (2010) Biodiversity conservation in agricultural landscapes: challenges and opportunities of coffee agroforests in the Western Ghats, India. Conservation Biology 24: 479-488. ttps://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01386.x
  • Gillison A, Liswanti N, Budidarsono S, Van Noordwijk M, Tomich T (2004) Impact of cropping methods on biodiversity in coffee agroecosystems in Sumatra, Indonesia. Ecology and Society, 9. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-00657-090207
  • Golley FB, Bellot J (2012) Rural Planning from an Environmental Systems Perspective. Springer Science & Business Media, New York.
  • Hakim L, Soemarno M (2017) Biodiversity conservation, community development and geotourism development in Bromo-Tengger-Semeru-Arjuno Biosphere Reserve Geojournal of Tourism and Geosites, 20(2): 220-230.
  • Hakim L, Nakagoshi N (2008) Planning for nature-based tourism in East Java: recent status of biodiversity, conservation, and its implication for sustainable tourism. ASEAN Journal on Hospitality and Tourism, 7: 155-167.
  • Hasan MK, Alam AA (2006) Land degradation situation in Bangladesh and role of agroforestry. Journal of Agriculture & Rural Development, 4: 19-25. https://doi.org/10.3329/jard.v4i1.763
  • Jose S (2009) Agroforestry for ecosystem services and environmental benefits: an overview. Agroforestry Systems 76: 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-009-9229-7
  • Kuo NW, Chen YJ, Huang CL (2006) Linkages between organic agriculture and agro-ecotourism. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 21: 238-244. https://doi.org/10.1079/RAF2006148
  • Laurance WF, Sayer J, Cassman KG (2014) Agricultural expansion and its impacts on tropical nature. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 29: 107-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2013.12.001
  • Lin BB (2010) The role of agroforestry in reducing water loss through soil evaporation and crop transpiration in coffee agro-ecosystems. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 150: 510-518. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2009.11.010
  • Long P, Lane B (2000) Rural tourism development. In: W. C. Gartner and D. W. Lime (eds). Trends in Outdoor Recreation, Leisure and Tourism, CABI Publishing, Wallingford. pp. 299-308. https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851994031.0299
  • Marcouiller DW, Clendenning JG, Kedzior R (2002) Natural amenity-led development and rural planning. Journal of Planning Literature, 16: 515-542. https://doi.org/10.1177/088541202400903572
  • McAreavey R, McDonagh J (2011) Sustainable rural tourism: Lessons for rural development. Sociologia Ruralis, 51: 175-194. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9523.2010.00529.x
  • Risteskia M, Kocevskia J, Arnaudov K (2012) Spatial planning and sustainable tourism as basis for developing competitive tourist destinations. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 44: 375-386. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.05.042
  • Ryan C (2003) Recreational Tourism: Demand and Impacts vol. 11. Channel View Publications. Bristol. https://doi.org/10.21832/9781873150580
  • Sims R (2009) Food, place and authenticity: local food and the sustainable tourism experience. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 17: 321-336. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669580802359293
  • Suryahadi A, Sumarto S (2003) Poverty and vulnerability in Indonesia before and after the economic crisis. Asian Economic Journal, 17: 45-64. https://doi.org/10.1111/1351-3958.00161
  • Whitten T, Soeriaatmadja RE, Afiff SA (1996) Ecology of Java & Bali vol. 2. Oxford University Press. Oxford.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.