Abstract

The relevance of this article lies in the need to study the communication strategies of spouses in conditions of forced self-isolation during quarantine, since the features of communication between spouses affect the degree of constructiveness of marital relationships. In a difficult situation of uncertainty, when the question is not clear: about the virus itself, about the time of the end of quarantine and the financial side of family life, many family members have an emotional reaction to each other, disputes and unsolvable conflicts arise, some of which end in a breakup or quarrels between spouses, parents and children. The aim of the study is to identify the features of communication between spouses during the period of self-isolation. Research methods: as a research method, a questionnaire survey was used to identify the features of communication between spouses as a factor of constructive marital relationships in conditions of self-isolation due to quarantine. The novelty and originality of the study lies in the fact that the features of communication between spouses during forced self-isolation are considered for the first time. It is shown that ego positions, communicative control, listening skills, and the ability to establish emotional contacts in relationships affect the degree of constructiveness of marital relationships. It was found that in a stressful situation of uncertainty related to the coronavirus quarantine, all strategies, both adaptive and non-adaptive (aggression, irritability, manipulation, illness, depression), developed by the family members during their joint family life deteriorate, when these family members spend a lot of time together in a closed space during the quarantine and when they do not have personal psychological spaces (which are required for all people). Men often have a tendency to drink alcohol. It was revealed that during the period of forced self-isolation under quarantine due to the coronavirus pandemic, families with a constructive type of relationship are characterized by a coincidence of representative systems, and spouses have similar systems for searching, receiving and processing information. It is determined that the ability to control behavior in relationships in a situation of forced self-isolation, the ability to use the psychotherapeutic function of communication between family members, the skill of mood management, is also characteristic of families with a constructive type of relationship. Practical significance: the data obtained in this work can be used in family psychology, extreme psychology, social psychology, as well as for further theoretical development of this issue.

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