Factors affecting the occurrence of low birth weight

Abstract

Introduction: Low Birth Weight (LBW) occurs in babies born with a weight of fewer than 2.500 grams. The prevalence of low birth weight in Sidoarjo Regency tends to increase. This study aimed to provide an overview and analysis of risk factors affecting Low Birth Weight. 
Methods: This study used literature review by collecting literature from various sources obtained from Google Search, Google Scholar, Sciencdirect.com, e-books, and SAGE Journal, Scientific Caries 
Results: The results of this study were supported the previous study stating that beside gestational age, specific factors associated with geo-demography were maternal age, kinship/incest, and citizenship. Anemia and abortion had a significant relationship to the incidence of LBW according to data taken from four hospitals in Peshawar.
Conclusion: Other risk factors causing LBW issues are premature birth, inbreeding, maternal age during pregnancy, and a reduction in the burden of activity during pregnancy in mothers who are at risk medically.

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