AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Shirazi NA, Bazrafshan F, Alizadeh O, Ordookhani K, Langroodi AS. Evaluation of canola germination characteristics under priming condition. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2), 681-686.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Shirazi et al., 2019)
Reference: Shirazi, N. A., Bazrafshan, F., Alizadeh, O., Ordookhani, K., & Langroodi, A. S. (2019). Evaluation of canola germination characteristics under priming condition. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), 681-686.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Shirazi et al., 2019)
Reference: Shirazi, Nasrollah Atashi, Foroud Bazrafshan, Omid Alizadeh, Koroush Ordookhani, and Alireza Safahani Langroodi. "Evaluation of canola germination characteristics under priming condition". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 2 (2019): 681-686.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Shirazi et al., 2019)
Reference: Shirazi, N. A., Bazrafshan, F., Alizadeh, O., Ordookhani, K., and Langroodi, A. S. (2019). Evaluation of canola germination characteristics under priming condition. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), pp. 681-686.

MLA
In-text citation: (Shirazi et al., 2019)
Reference: Shirazi, Nasrollah Atashi et al. "Evaluation of canola germination characteristics under priming condition". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 2, 2019, pp. 681-686.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Shirazi NA, Bazrafshan F, Alizadeh O, Ordookhani K, Langroodi AS. Evaluation of canola germination characteristics under priming condition. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2):681-6.

Abstract

This study performed to evaluation of priming and priming duration effects on some germination’ characteristics of two canola cultivars (Zurika and Talayeh) as factorial randomized complete design with three replications at the Besat Research Center, Fars Province, Iran. The first factor treatments included cultivars and second factor was salicylic acid in 3 levels (750, 1500 and 2250 M), ascorbic acid in 3 levels (200, 400 and 600 ppm), polyethylene glycol on 2 levels (-2 and -4 bar), potassium chloride 2 level (-5 and -10 bar) Brassinosteroid on 2 levels (20 and 40 micrograms per liter), gibberellic acid on 2 levels (100 and 200 mg), nano zinc chelate and nitrogen each at two levels (1 and 2 mg) and priming water, also third factor included priming duration at 3 levels (3, 6 and 12 h). Totally, according to result it was founded that priming had positive effect on germination characteristics also it was determined that gibberellic acid, salicylic acid and Ascorbic acid had highest effects in compared to other priming, with increasing of concentration and duration of priming, studied traits increased in responses to treatments. According to interaction between priming and duration, it was founding that highest radicle length (6.13 mm) and plumule weight (0.172 g) were obtained by BR20 for 3h duration, also KCL-5 treatment with 12h duration showed highest means for plumule length (4.19mm) and seedling length (52.37mm). The results showed that highest seedling weight (0.315 g), allometric coefficient (1.074) and weight vigor index (0.218) were obtained by GA100 for 3h.

References

  • Aboutalebian MA, Mohagheghi A, Niaz SA, Rouhi HR (2012) Influence of hydropriming on seed germination behavior of canola cultivars as affected by saline and drought stresses. Annals of Biological Research, 3(11): 5216-5222.
  • Afzal I, Basra SM, Ahmad NAZIR, Cheema MA, Warraich EA, Khaliq A (2002) Effect of priming and growth regulator treatments on emergence and seedling growth of hybrid maize (Zea mays L.). Int. J. Agric. Biol, 4: 303-306.
  • Ansari O, Azadi MS, Sharif-Zadeh F, Younesi E (2013) Effect of hormone priming on germination characteristics and enzyme activity of mountain rye (Secale montanum) seeds under drought stress conditions. Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry, 9(3).
  • Ashraf M, Foolad MR (2005) Pre-sowing seed treatment a shotgun approach to improve germination growth and crop yield under saline and none-saline conditions. Advance Agronomy, 88: 271-223. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(05)88006-X
  • Entesari M, Sharif-Zadeh F, Zare S, Farhangfar M, Dashtaki M (2012) Effect of seed priming on mung been (Vigna radiata) cultivars with salicylic acid and potassium nitrate under salinity stress. International Journal of Agriculture: Research and Review, 2(Special issue): 926-932.
  • FAO. food out look. Globalomarket analysis. (2005). http://www.faofoodoutlook.com
  • Giri GS, Schillinger WF (2003) Seed priming winter wheat for germination, emergence, and yield. Crop science, 43(6): 2135-2141. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2003.2135
  • Harris D, Rashid A, Miraj G (2008) On-farm seed priming with zinc in chickpea and wheat in Pakistan. Plant soil 306: 3-10.
  • Jamil M, Rha ES (2007) Gibberellic acid (GA3) enhance seed water uptake, germination and early seedling growth in sugar beet under salt stress. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10(4): 654-658. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2007.654.658
  • Kagale S, Divi UK, Krochko JE, Keller WA, Krishna P (2007) Brassinosteroid confers tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana and Brassica napus to a range of abiotic stresses. Planta, 225(2): 353-364. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-006-0361-6
  • Kubala S, Garnczarska M, Wojtyla Ł, Clippe A, Kosmala A, Żmieńko A, Lutts S, Quinet M (2015) Deciphering priming-induced improvement of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) germination through an integrated transcriptomic and proteomic approach. Plant Science, 231: 94-113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2014.11.008
  • Mohammadi S, Shekari F, Fotovat R, Darudi A (2012) Effect of laser priming on canola yield and its components under salt stress. International Agrophysics, 26(1): 45-51. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10247-012-0007-9
  • Mosavian SN, Esmaeilzade-Moridani M (2016) Effect of hydro-priming duration on germination and early seedling growth of rapeseed under salinity stress. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 11(43): 4395-4400. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR2016.11269
  • Nasibi F, Kalantari KM, Barand A (2014) Effect of seed pre-treatment with L-arginine on improvement of seedling growth and alleviation of oxidative damage in canola plants subjected to salt stress. Iran J Plant Physiol, 5(1): 1217-24.
  • Noor-Un-Nisa MEMON, Gandahi MB, Pahoja VM, Sharif N (2013) Response of seed priming with boron on germination and seedling sprouts of broccoli. International Journal of Agricultural Science and Research (IJASR), 1(3): 163-174.
  • Rajjou L, Belghazi M, Huguet R, Robin C, Moreau A, Job C, Job D (2006) Proteomic investigation of the effect of salicylic acid on Arabidopsis seed germination and establishment of early defense mechanisms. Plant physiology, 141(3): 910-923. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.106.082057
  • Saeidi MR, Abdolghaium A, Hassanzadeh M, Rouhi A, Nikzad P (2008) Investigation of seed priming on some germination aspects of different canola cultivars. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment, 6(2): 188.
  • Shariatmadari MH, Parsa M, Nezami A, Kafi M (2017) Effects of hormonal priming with gibberellic acid on emergence, growth and yield of chickpea under drought stress. Bioscience Research, 14(1): 34-41.
  • Zare S, Pakniyat H (2012) Changes in activities of antioxidant enzymes in oilseed rape in response to salinity stress. Int J Agri Crop Sci, 4(7): 398-403.
  • Zhang S, Hu J, Zhang Y, Xie XJ, Knapp A (2007) Seed priming with brassinolide improves lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) seed germination and seedling growth in relation to physiological changes under salinity stress. Crop and Pasture Science, 58(8): 811-815. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR06253

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.