Ethnic identity and personal helplessness in young migrants from the Central Asia
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 2, pp. 4717-4722
  • Published Online: 31 Oct 2020
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)

Abstract

Growth of the external migration within the Russian Federation draws the attention of scientists to this problem. During the latest decade, the majority of foreign migrants (coming for work, study, or residence) are representatives of the Central Asian countries. The objective of this research is studying ethnic identity and personal helplessness in migrants coming from the Central Asian countries. The data obtained as a result of the conducted research allow making conclusions about orientation to interaction with other ethnic groups being stronger in migrants from the Central Asia who feature personal helplessness than in the ones characterized by independence and tending to shut themselves off communication with other ethnoses. According to the obtained data, the respondents with independence feature significantly higher indicators of ethnic nihilism, ethnic fanaticism, and ethnic isolationism than the tested ones with personal helplessness do. The found particularities of ethnic identity in migrants having different personal features allow integrating results of the research conducted into the ethnopsychological domain of knowledge. Similarly, they allow creating the theoretical basis for solving applied problems in social and psychological adaptation support rendered to migrants.

References

  • Balyaev SI, Nikishov SN (2017) Features of development of ethnic identity of teenagers in the process of extracurricular activities (on the example of Mordvins and Russians). Internet journal “World of science”, 5(2). URL: http://mir-nauki.com/PDF/51PDMN217.pdf
  • Bieda A, Hirschfeld G, Schönfeld P, Brailovskaia J, Zhang XC, Margraf J (2017) Universal happiness? Cross-cultural measurement invariance of scales assessing positive mental health. Psychological Assessment, 29(4): 408–421.
  • Donohue DK (2020) Religiosity and Multicultural Experiences Predict Cultural Values in College Students. Current Psychology. URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00590-6.
  • Fernham A, Bochner S (1986) Cultural shock. Psihologicheskaya pomoshch’ migrantam: travma, smena kul’tur, krizis identichnosti. Psychological assistance to migrants: trauma, change of cultures, identity crisis. London: Methuen.
  • Grigoryev D, Batkhina A, van de Vijver F (2020) Towards an Integration of Models of Discrimination of Immigrants: from Ultimate (Functional) to Proximate (Sociofunctional) Explanations. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 21: 667–691 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-019-00677-w.
  • Hermans HJM, Konopka A, Oosterwegel A (2017) Fields of Tension in a Boundary-Crossing World: Towards a Democratic Organization of the Self. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 51: 505–535. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-016-9370-6.
  • Hiemstra AMF, Born MP, Derous E (2017) Psychological predictors of cultural diversity support at work. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 23(3), 312-322.
  • Holtug N (2017) Identity, causality and social cohesion. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 43(7): 1084-1100.
  • Jing X, Ghosh R, Sun Z (2020) Mapping global research related to international students: a scientometric review. Higher Education, 80: 415–433. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-019-00489-y.
  • Kadykova SA (2014) The formation of a positive ethnic identity. Elementary school, 7:17-20.
  • Klimova MO (2017) Diagnostics of personal helplessness in adolescents: development and testing of psychodiagnostic tools. Siberian psychological journal, 66: 130-140.
  • Krupnov DY, Khabaeva LM, Abaeva IV, Siukaeva EG, Suprunova NM (2014) Features of the development of ethnic identity of the youth of South Ossetia. Modern problems of science and education, 5: URL: http://www.science-education.ru/119-15170
  • Morrice L (2017) Cultural values, moral sentiments and the fashioning of gendered migrant identities. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 43(3): 400-417.
  • Morzavchenkov GA (2010) Criteria of ethnocultural identity in the conditions of globalization. Bulletin of Nizhny Novgorod University. N. So. Lobachevsky. A series of Social science, 1(17): 139-142.
  • Mukhametshina NS (2019) Traditional culture of migrants from central Asian countries in the context of integration practices. Samara scientific Bulletin, 8(29): 218-221.
  • Mukomel VI (2017) Migrants at the Russian labor market: occupations, mobility, intensity of labor and wages. Statistics and Economics, 6: 69–79.
  • Ponomareva I, Sizova Y, Evstafeeva E (2019) Cultural and ethnic factor contributing to personal helplessness: theoretical foundation of research. Dilemas contemporaneos: Educacion, Politica y Valores, 1(91): 1-13.
  • Russo-Netzer P, Horenczyk G, Bergman YS (2019) Affect, meaning in life, and life satisfaction among immigrants and non-immigrants: A moderated mediation model. Current Psychology. URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00284-z.
  • Soldatova GU (1998) Psychology of interethnic tension. Moscow: Smysl.
  • Soldatova GU (2011) Diagnosis of types of ethnic identity. Communication psychology. Encyclopaedic dictionary. Moscow: Kogito-centr.
  • Stefanenko TG (2006) Ethnopsychology: a workshop. Moscow: Aspect Press.
  • Suslova TF (2016) Adaptation of migrants: understanding the problem in the context of a constructivist approach. International research journal, 9(51): 100-103. https://doi.org/10.18454/IRJ.2016.51.037.
  • Tittler MV, Lannin DG, Han S (2020) Why personal values matter: values, colorblindness, and social justice action orientation. Current Psychology. URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-020-01006-6.
  • Tsiring DA (2010) Personal helplessness. Moscow: Academy.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.