Establishment of mode parameters of extraction of pumpkin pectin-containing extract by enzyme method
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 - Volume 14 Issue 2, pp. 4261-4269
  • Published Online: 21 Oct 2020
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)

Abstract

Almaty is the largest megapolis of Kazakhstan, located in a lowland between the mountain ranges of the Northern Tien Shan, where is atmospheric air poorly blown. Therefore, air pollution during weak natural ventilation, especially with salts of heavy metals, has a great influence on the growth of various diseases, especially the respiratory tract and cardiovascular diseases. The degree of increase of the content of heavy metals in the body of pigeons depending on their habitat was experimentally established. The total protein in the blood plasma of pigeons from ecologically safe zones of the city averaged 50 - 55 g / l. With increasing environmental pollution and the accumulation of heavy metals in the body of pigeons, there was a tendency to a decrease in total protein in the range of 35 - 39 g / l. For the correction of pathological conditions of the human body, the prevention and rehabilitation of intoxication, the development of enterosorbents is necessary, one of which is various pectin products.
Based on the conducted experiments, the regime parameters of obtaining pumpkin pectin-containing extract by the enzymatic method were established. Rational regimes for the extraction of pectin from pumpkin pomace of the Karina variety (temperature 40-41 ° C, dose of Pectinase from Aspergillus niger enzyme preparation 2.0%, medium pH 6.0, exposure time 4 hours) were established.

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