AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Hozayn M, Ahmed AA, El-Saady AA, Abd-Elmonem AA. Enhancement in germination, seedling attributes and yields of alfalfa (Medicago sativa, L.) under salinity stress using static magnetic field treatments. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(1), 369-378.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Hozayn et al., 2019)
Reference: Hozayn, M., Ahmed, A. A., El-Saady, A. A., & Abd-Elmonem, A. A. (2019). Enhancement in germination, seedling attributes and yields of alfalfa (Medicago sativa, L.) under salinity stress using static magnetic field treatments. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(1), 369-378.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Hozayn et al., 2019)
Reference: Hozayn, M., Abeer A. Ahmed, A. A. El-Saady, and A. A. Abd-Elmonem. "Enhancement in germination, seedling attributes and yields of alfalfa (Medicago sativa, L.) under salinity stress using static magnetic field treatments". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 1 (2019): 369-378.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Hozayn et al., 2019)
Reference: Hozayn, M., Ahmed, A. A., El-Saady, A. A., and Abd-Elmonem, A. A. (2019). Enhancement in germination, seedling attributes and yields of alfalfa (Medicago sativa, L.) under salinity stress using static magnetic field treatments. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(1), pp. 369-378.

MLA
In-text citation: (Hozayn et al., 2019)
Reference: Hozayn, M. et al. "Enhancement in germination, seedling attributes and yields of alfalfa (Medicago sativa, L.) under salinity stress using static magnetic field treatments". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 1, 2019, pp. 369-378.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Hozayn M, Ahmed AA, El-Saady AA, Abd-Elmonem AA. Enhancement in germination, seedling attributes and yields of alfalfa (Medicago sativa, L.) under salinity stress using static magnetic field treatments. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(1):369-78.

Abstract

Laboratory and field experiments were conducted at the Laboratory of Seed Technology Department, Field Crops Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, and at the private Farming (Osma Green Farming), Kilometer102, Desert Road of Cairo – Ismailia, Egypt, respectively. The study aims to explore the role of magnetic water technology for amelioration salinity stress on germination traits and forage yield of alfalfa irrigated with brackish and magnetic brackish water. Laboratory results showed that application of magneto hydro-priming seeds under different salinity stress levels (control, 2000, 4000, 6000 and 8000 ppm) enhance germination traits, seedling growth and vigor characteristics compared to untreated seeds under corresponding salinity levels. The improvement ranged between 4.17-5.77% in seed germination (%), 9.80-51.80% in germination speed index (GSI), 3.15-17.50, 3.00-12.43 and 6.42-14.33% in seedling shoot, root and length, respectively. Similar trends were reported in fresh and dry weight of seedling where were the heaviest by 1.02-12.11 and 8.33-12.50%, respectively. Application of magnetic technology for seeds and/or brackish water under field conditions decreased clearly salinity stress due to leaching the most dominant soluble salts (i.e., Na) away from the spread of hairy roots and increasing the most of available macro-nutrients (i.e., N, P, K and Mg) and micro-nutrients (i.e., Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu) which reflected in improving fresh and dry weight of forage yield of four cutting. Sowing hydro or magneto-hydro priming seeds of alfalfa and irrigation with magnetic brackish water improved forage yield of four cutting compared to sowing untreated seeds and irrigation with brackish water. The improvement ranged between 20.18-34.82%and 33.07-39.14% in fresh forage yield of four cutting as well as 18.60-23.51% and 26.46-29.60% in dry forage yield of four cutting regarding sowing hydro and magneto-hydro priming seeds and irrigation with magnetic brackish, respectively. It can be concluded that magnetic field treatment can be a suitable option to increase seed germination and early growth variables of alfalfa seedling under different salinity conditions. In addition, Application of magnetic technology for seeds and/or brackish water under field conditions could decrease clearly salinity stress which reflected in improving alfalfa forage yield.

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