Effect of walnut (Canarium vulgare L.) provisioning on white rat biology
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Mailoa M, Widyaningsih TD, Putri WDR, Harijono. Effect of walnut (Canarium vulgare L.) provisioning on white rat biology. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(1), 213-217.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Mailoa et al., 2019)
Reference: Mailoa, M., Widyaningsih, T. D., Putri, W. D. R., & Harijono (2019). Effect of walnut (Canarium vulgare L.) provisioning on white rat biology. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(1), 213-217.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Mailoa et al., 2019)
Reference: Mailoa, Meitycorfrida, Tri D. Widyaningsih, Widya D. R. Putri, and Harijono. "Effect of walnut (Canarium vulgare L.) provisioning on white rat biology". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 1 (2019): 213-217.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Mailoa et al., 2019)
Reference: Mailoa, M., Widyaningsih, T. D., Putri, W. D. R., and Harijono (2019). Effect of walnut (Canarium vulgare L.) provisioning on white rat biology. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(1), pp. 213-217.

MLA
In-text citation: (Mailoa et al., 2019)
Reference: Mailoa, Meitycorfrida et al. "Effect of walnut (Canarium vulgare L.) provisioning on white rat biology". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 1, 2019, pp. 213-217.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Mailoa M, Widyaningsih TD, Putri WDR, Harijono. Effect of walnut (Canarium vulgare L.) provisioning on white rat biology. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(1):213-7.

Abstract

Several indicators can be used to discover whether a food is a source of high-quality protein. Protein Efficiency Ratio (PER) is a food protein quality measure defined by the protein’s ability to generate growth of white rats. This study aimed to analyze the protein quality from fresh walnuts and dried walnuts (Canarium vulgare L.) as measured by the growth of white rats. Male Wistar strain white rats (Rattus novergicus Berkenhout) as the animal model. Three groups of newly weaned white rats (21 days old), which had been adapted for 4 days so they had the relatively average of weight (50.22 to 53.97 g) were used. Each group contained four individuals and they were fed different feeds, i.e., normal AIN coupled with 9% casein, normal AIN coupled with 1.8% fresh walnuts and normal AIN coupled with 1.8% dried roasted walnuts. Rat weights were measured every 2 days and feed consumption measured every day, for 28 days. Tukey’s HSD Test was used to compare treatments. The results showed that there was a significant difference (P < 0.05) between the PER treatment of AIN feed coupled with dried roasted walnuts (PER: 2.58) compared with AIN coupled with fresh walnuts treatment (PER : 2.54) and AIN added with casein (PER : 2.52), but those three treatments showed a higher PER value than the standard (2.50). Fresh walnuts or dried walnuts have PER value beyond the standard; thus walnuts can be categorized as a source of quality protein.

Keywords

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