Diversity and status of fish fauna in the Al-Kahlaa River, in Missan Province-Iraq, with notes on environmental variables
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Abdullah SA, Abdullah AHJ, Ouda YW. Diversity and status of fish fauna in the Al-Kahlaa River, in Missan Province-Iraq, with notes on environmental variables. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2), 1817-1824.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Abdullah et al., 2019)
Reference: Abdullah, S. A., Abdullah, A. H. J., & Ouda, Y. W. (2019). Diversity and status of fish fauna in the Al-Kahlaa River, in Missan Province-Iraq, with notes on environmental variables. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), 1817-1824.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Abdullah et al., 2019)
Reference: Abdullah, Sajad A., Abdul Hussein J. Abdullah, and Yasser Wassfi Ouda. "Diversity and status of fish fauna in the Al-Kahlaa River, in Missan Province-Iraq, with notes on environmental variables". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 2 (2019): 1817-1824.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Abdullah et al., 2019)
Reference: Abdullah, S. A., Abdullah, A. H. J., and Ouda, Y. W. (2019). Diversity and status of fish fauna in the Al-Kahlaa River, in Missan Province-Iraq, with notes on environmental variables. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), pp. 1817-1824.

MLA
In-text citation: (Abdullah et al., 2019)
Reference: Abdullah, Sajad A. et al. "Diversity and status of fish fauna in the Al-Kahlaa River, in Missan Province-Iraq, with notes on environmental variables". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 2, 2019, pp. 1817-1824.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Abdullah SA, Abdullah AHJ, Ouda YW. Diversity and status of fish fauna in the Al-Kahlaa River, in Missan Province-Iraq, with notes on environmental variables. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2):1817-24.

Abstract

A various study has explained that river freshwater flow fluctuations and fish community structure relationships, with the aim of obtaining information for the crisis to enhance our understanding of main biological functions such as growth, reproduction, and nature of food. The hydrological system plays a vital role in the sustainable functions of the ecology in the riverine and flooding plain regimes, due to its reinforcement of habitats processes that influence species populations and aquatic communities. The present study was implemented the fish community structure, occurrence, and abundance in the Al-Kahlaa River which is one of the branch Tigris river, southeast of Missan province from July 2017 to June 2018 concerning some ecological factors; Temperature of water from 11.27˚C in January to 35.20˚C in July. The lowest rate value of dissolved oxygen (DO) was 6.40 mg/l in July and the highest was (8.44 mg/l) in December. Salinity showed a range of values from 1.1 g/l in April to 2 g/l in October. Hydrogen ion (pH) values within the alkaline direction. Total dissolved solids (TDS) extend from 1952 mg/l in September to 2603 mg/l in October. The range of electric conductivity between 2 mS/cm in January and 3.1 mS/cm in October. The fish population calculated for the 18 species analyzed in this study belonged to 18 genera and seven families. A total of 10873 individuals of fishes were collected from the study stations and they were ranged from 629 in February to 1109 in May. The relative abundance and dominance index (D3) of fish species of Al-Kahlaa River was dominated by C. zillii, P. Abu and A. mossulensis (27.59, 24.91, 14.12%) respectively from the total assemblage. The study indicated that the fish structure and number of fish species, individuals and dominance in the Al-Kahlaa River differed from the rivers of Iraq.

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