Abstract

Background and aim: The aim of present Systematic Review and Meta-analysis was determine the relation between the prosthesis and splinting of the implant differences.
Method: From the electronic databases, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, ISI have been used to perform a systematic literature between 2015 and 2020. Therefore, a software program (Endnote X8) has been utilized for managing the electronic titles. Searches were performed with mesh terms. For Data extraction, two reviewers blind and independently extracted data from abstract and full text of studies that included. Moreover, mean differences between two groups (Immediate Loading and Delayed Loading) with 95% confidence interval (CI), fixed effect model and Inverse-variance method and Odds ratio between two groups (Immediate Loading and Delayed Loading) with 95% confidence interval (CI), fixed effect model and Mantel-Haenszel were calculated. Random effects were used to deal with potential heterogeneity and I2 showed heterogeneity. The Meta analysis and forest plots have been evaluated with the use of a software program available in the market (i.e., Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Stata V16).
Result: A total of 243 potentially relevant titles and abstracts were found during the electronic and manual search. Finally, a total of three publications fulfilled the inclusion criteria required for this systematic review. Mean difference of Crestal bone loss was (MD, -0.29 95% CI -0.54, -0.04. P= 0.02), and Odds ratio of Implant loss was (OR, -1.91 95% CI -3.44, -0.38. P= 0.01) among 3 studies.
Conclusion: The present study shows to implant loss, there was statistically significant difference between immediate loading and delayed loading, and delayed loading is preferred to removable prostheses.

References

  • Acham, S., Rugani, P., Truschnegg, A., Wildburger, A., Wegscheider, W. A., & Jakse, N. (2017). Immediate loading of four interforaminal implants supporting a locator‐retained mandibular overdenture in the elderly. Results of a 3‐year randomized, controlled, prospective clinical study. Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, 19(5), 895-900.
  • Alfadda, S. A. (2014). A randomized controlled clinical trial of edentulous patients treated with immediately loaded implant‐supported mandibular fixed prostheses. Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, 16(6), 806-816.
  • Chughtai, M. A., Shah, S. N., Khalid, M., & Naseer, A. (2017). Fixed and removable prosthodontics ethical sensitivity scale-farpess. Pakistan Oral & Dental Journal, 37(4), 628-633.
  • de Souza Batista, V. E., Verri, F. R., Lemos, C. A., Cruz, R. S., Oliveira, H. F., Gomes, J. M., & Pellizzer, E. P. (2019). Should the restoration of adjacent implants be splinted or nonsplinted? A systematic review and meta-analysis. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry, 121(1), 41-51.
  • Elsyad, M. A., Al‐Mahdy, Y. F., & Fouad, M. M. (2012). Marginal bone loss adjacent to conventional and immediate loaded two implants supporting a ball‐retained mandibular overdenture: a 3‐year randomized clinical trial. Clinical oral implants research, 23(4), 496-503.
  • Elsyad, M. A., Elsaih, E. A., & Khairallah, A. S. (2014). Marginal bone resorption around immediate and delayed loaded implants supporting a locator‐retained mandibular overdenture. A 1‐year randomised controlled trial. Journal of oral rehabilitation, 41(8), 608-618.
  • Esposito, M., Siormpas, K., Mitsias, M., Bechara, S., Trullenque-Eriksson, A., & Pistilli, R. (2016). Immediate, early (6 weeks) and delayed loading (3 months) of single implants: 4-month post-loading from a multicenter pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Eur J Oral Implantol, 9(3), 249-60.
  • Gamper, F. B., Benic, G. I., Sanz‐Martin, I., Asgeirsson, A. G., Hämmerle, C. H., & Thoma, D. S. (2017). Randomized controlled clinical trial comparing one‐piece and two‐piece dental implants supporting fixed and removable dental prostheses: 4‐to 6‐year observations. Clinical oral implants research, 28(12), 1553-1559.
  • Higgins J, Altman D, Gøtzsche P, Jüni P, Moher D, Oxman A, et al (2011). Cochrane bias methods group; cochrane statistical methods group. The Cochrane Collaboration’s tool for assessing risk of bias in randomised trials BMJ. 343(7829):d5928.
  • Jokstad, A., & Alkumru, H. (2014). Immediate function on the day of surgery compared with a delayed implant loading process in the mandible: a randomized clinical trial over 5 years. Clinical oral implants research, 25(12), 1325-1335.
  • Kern, M., Att, W., Fritzer, E., Kappel, S., Luthardt, R. G., Mundt, T.,... & Passia, N. (2018). Survival and complications of single dental implants in the edentulous mandible following immediate or delayed loading: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Journal of dental research, 97(2), 163-170.
  • Menassa, M., de Grandmont, P., Audy, N., Durand, R., Rompré, P., & Emami, E. (2016). Patients’ expectations, satisfaction, and quality of life with immediate loading protocol. Clinical oral implants research, 27(1), 83-89.
  • Mendes, F. A., de Oliveira, T. R. C., Gomes, V. L., do Prado, C. J., & das Neves, F. D. (2011). Mandibular overdentures with immediate loading: satisfaction and quality of life. International Journal of Prosthodontics, 24(6).
  • Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, Altman D, Antes G, et al. (2009).Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement (Chinese edition). Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine. 7(9):889-96.
  • Pardal-Peláez, B., Flores-Fraile, J., Pardal-Refoyo, J. L., & Montero, J. (2020). Implant loss and crestal bone loss in immediate versus delayed load in edentulous mandibles: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry.
  • Patil, P. G., & Seow, L. L. (2020). Crestal bone–level changes and patient satisfaction with mandibular overdentures retained by one or two implants with immediate loading protocols: A randomized controlled clinical study. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry, 123(5), 710-716.
  • Schimmel, M., Srinivasan, M., Herrmann, F. R., & Mueller, F. (2014). Loading protocols for implant-supported overdentures in the edentulous jaw: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, 29.
  • Schincaglia, G. P., Rubin, S., Thacker, S., Dhingra, A., Trombelli, L., & Ioannidou, E. (2016). Marginal Bone Response Around Immediate-and Delayed-Loading Implants Supporting a Locator-Retained Mandibular Overdenture: A Randomized Controlled Study. International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, 31(2).
  • Su, M., Shi, B., Zhu, Y., Guo, Y. I., Zhang, Y., Xia, H., & Zhao, L. (2014). Comparison of implant success rates with different loading protocols: a meta-analysis. International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, 29(2).
  • ter Gunne, L. P., Dikkes, B., Wismeijer, D., & Hassan, B. (2016). Immediate and Early Loading of Two-Implant-Supported Mandibular Overdentures: Three-Year Report of Loading Results of a Single-Center Prospective Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, 31(5).
  • Vere J, Bhakta, S, Patel, R. (2012).Implant-retained overdentures: a review. Dental Update.;39(5):370-5.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.