AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Gholipour H, Zraatkish Y, Borghei AM, Bakhdha H, Ghahderijani M. Determination of the optimum cultivation pattern for increasing energy efficiency and reducing bioenvironmental contaminants (case study: Goharbaran Region, Sari). Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(1), 161-165.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Gholipour et al., 2019)
Reference: Gholipour, H., Zraatkish, Y., Borghei, A. M., Bakhdha, H., & Ghahderijani, M. (2019). Determination of the optimum cultivation pattern for increasing energy efficiency and reducing bioenvironmental contaminants (case study: Goharbaran Region, Sari). Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(1), 161-165.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Gholipour et al., 2019)
Reference: Gholipour, Hassan, Yaghob Zraatkish, Ali Mohammad Borghei, Hossein Bakhdha, and Mohammad Ghahderijani. "Determination of the optimum cultivation pattern for increasing energy efficiency and reducing bioenvironmental contaminants (case study: Goharbaran Region, Sari)". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 1 (2019): 161-165.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Gholipour et al., 2019)
Reference: Gholipour, H., Zraatkish, Y., Borghei, A. M., Bakhdha, H., and Ghahderijani, M. (2019). Determination of the optimum cultivation pattern for increasing energy efficiency and reducing bioenvironmental contaminants (case study: Goharbaran Region, Sari). Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(1), pp. 161-165.

MLA
In-text citation: (Gholipour et al., 2019)
Reference: Gholipour, Hassan et al. "Determination of the optimum cultivation pattern for increasing energy efficiency and reducing bioenvironmental contaminants (case study: Goharbaran Region, Sari)". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 1, 2019, pp. 161-165.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Gholipour H, Zraatkish Y, Borghei AM, Bakhdha H, Ghahderijani M. Determination of the optimum cultivation pattern for increasing energy efficiency and reducing bioenvironmental contaminants (case study: Goharbaran Region, Sari). Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(1):161-5.

Abstract

Response to the need for healthy food for the growing population, given the limited supply of energy in crop production, and considering sustainable development in production, it is necessary to plan and model a production in a region. This study was conducted with the priority of environmental protection in order to achieve sustainable cultivation of crops in the southeastern margin of the Caspian Sea between the two rivers of Nakh river and Tajan. The results of this research indicate that the current cropping pattern in the region is different with the optimal patterns in terms of cultivars, use of pesticides and fertilizers, and the volume of use of agricultural water. To optimize, each cultivar must be modified to reduce the pollution of agricultural waste that passes through the canal to the Caspian Sea. Reducing rice cultivation from 1.7 to 0.214 hectares for sustainability of production in the environmental model, increasing the cultivation of garlic in the pattern of water reduction from the results of this study. Also, by reducing the available water for agriculture by 30% of the current conditions, the rapeseed and garlic cultivation pattern is reduced by 4.5% and 26.4%, respectively.

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