Determination of environmental considerations for the use of dispersant species in different areas of the Caspian Sea
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2019 - Volume 13 Issue 2, pp. 651-662
  • Published Online: 02 Jul 2019
  • Article Views: 1006 | Article Download: 743
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AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Peyvandi AG. Determination of environmental considerations for the use of dispersant species in different areas of the Caspian Sea. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2), 651-662.

APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Peyvandi, 2019)
Reference: Peyvandi, A. G. (2019). Determination of environmental considerations for the use of dispersant species in different areas of the Caspian Sea. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), 651-662.

Chicago
In-text citation: (Peyvandi, 2019)
Reference: Peyvandi, Alaleh Gholipour. "Determination of environmental considerations for the use of dispersant species in different areas of the Caspian Sea". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences 2019 13 no. 2 (2019): 651-662.

Harvard
In-text citation: (Peyvandi, 2019)
Reference: Peyvandi, A. G. (2019). Determination of environmental considerations for the use of dispersant species in different areas of the Caspian Sea. Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 13(2), pp. 651-662.

MLA
In-text citation: (Peyvandi, 2019)
Reference: Peyvandi, Alaleh Gholipour "Determination of environmental considerations for the use of dispersant species in different areas of the Caspian Sea". Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, vol. 13, no. 2, 2019, pp. 651-662.

Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Peyvandi AG. Determination of environmental considerations for the use of dispersant species in different areas of the Caspian Sea. Eurasia J Biosci. 2019;13(2):651-62.

Abstract

The diversification of activities on the shores on the one hand and the conflict between operators or part programs on the other hand make the monitoring and optimal management of resources in the coastal areas of the country compulsory.
An example of coastal issues that requires continuous and integrated management can be mentioned in some cases, such as coastal environmental issues and preventing possible damage to beaches. Addressing or reducing these problems is a serious challenge for local governments and central governments that, if continued, their harmful effects could have irreparable effects and damages. Therefore, beaches should be managed in such a way that they can be exploited. Rationalize the resources and capacities available.
One of the important issues related to coastal waters and their pollution is pollution of oil, and it is presented in order to reduce this important and effective pollutant which one of them is chemical purification, or the use of dispersant oil spots (dispersants). In this research, discussion of various types of dispersants has been carried out, and tests for toxicity and efficacy testing as well as quantitative testing of these materials have been carried out.
In the efficacy study it was found that if dispersant is effective, a quaternary solution is created which causes the water to become cloudy, and the reference solution that is used is not transparent, and only the oil spots are visible inside the water column. In the quantitative determination test 4 standard mixtures which each represent the performance of these materials, namely 100% efficiency, 75%, 50% and 25%.
In the quantification test, four standard mixtures prepared, that each represent the performance of these materials, namely 100%, 75%, 50%, and 25%.
In addition, the treatment of oil with dispersants, due to increased concentration of dissolved oil in water, increases the effect of direct oil toxicity on plant and animal life. Also, the relationship between the efficacy of dispersant and the three viscosity, temperature and flow factors was investigated and it was concluded that the effectiveness of dispersant decreased with increasing viscosity; Some dispersants in higher temperatures and with lower salinity and other low temperature dispersants operate with higher salinity.

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